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John Bolton
John R. Bolton official photo.jpg
Bolton in 2018
27th United States National Security Advisor
In office
April 9, 2018 – September 10, 2019
President Donald Trump
Deputy Nadia Schadlow
Ricky L. Waddell
Mira Ricardel
Charles Kupperman
Preceded by H. R. McMaster
Succeeded by Robert C. O'Brien
25th United States Ambassador to the United Nations
In office
August 2, 2005 – December 31, 2006
President George W. Bush
Preceded by John Danforth
Succeeded by Zalmay Khalilzad
3rd Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs
In office
May 11, 2001 – July 31, 2005
President George W. Bush
Preceded by John D. Holum
Succeeded by Robert Joseph
18th Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
In office
May 22, 1989 – January 20, 1993
President George H. W. Bush
Preceded by Richard S. Williamson
Succeeded by Douglas J. Bennet
United States Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Division
In office
1988–1989
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Richard K. Willard
Succeeded by Stuart M. Gerson
United States Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legislative Affairs
In office
1985–1988
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Robert McConnell
Succeeded by Thomas Boyd
Assistant Administrator of USAID for Program and Policy Coordination
In office
1982–1983
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Alexander Shakow
Succeeded by Richard Derham
Personal details
Born
John Robert Bolton

November 20, 1948 (1948-11-20) (age 72)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)
Christine Bolton
(m. 1972; div. 1983)

Gretchen Smith (m. 1986)
Children 1
Residence Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
Education Yale University (BA, JD)
Signature
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Branch/service  United States Army
Years of service 1970–1976

John Robert Bolton (born November 20, 1948) is an American attorney, diplomat, Republican consultant, and political commentator. He served as the 25th United States Ambassador to the United Nations from 2005 to 2006, and as the 27th United States National Security Advisor from 2018 to 2019.

Bolton served as a United States Assistant Attorney General for President Ronald Reagan from 1985 to 1989. He served in the State Department as Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs from 1989 to 1993, and Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs from 2001 to 2005. He was an advocate of the Iraq War as a Director of the Project for the New American Century, which favored going to war with Iraq.

He was the United States Ambassador to the United Nations from August 2005 to December 2006, as a recess appointee by President George W. Bush. He stepped down at the end of his recess appointment in December 2006 because he was unlikely to win confirmation from the Senate, of which the Democratic Party had gained control at the time. Bolton later served as the National Security Advisor to President Donald Trump from April 2018 to September 2019. He repeatedly called for the termination of the Iran nuclear deal, from which the U.S. withdrew in May 2018. He wrote a best-selling book about his tenure in the Trump administration, The Room Where It Happened, published in June 2020.

Bolton is widely considered a foreign policy hawk and is an advocate for regime change in Iran, Syria, Libya, Venezuela, Cuba, Yemen, and North Korea. He has continuously supported military action and regime change in Syria, Libya, and Iran. A Republican, his political views have been described as American nationalist, conservative, and neoconservative. Bolton rejects the last term. Bolton is a former senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), and Fox News Channel commentator. He was a foreign policy adviser to 2012 presidential candidate Mitt Romney.

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