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John R. Bolton
John R. Bolton official photo.jpg
27th United States National Security Advisor
In office
April 9, 2018 – September 10, 2019
President Donald Trump
Deputy Nadia Schadlow
Ricky L. Waddell
Mira Ricardel
Charles Kupperman
Preceded by H.R. McMaster
Succeeded by Charles Kupperman (acting)
25th United States Ambassador to the United Nations
In office
August 2, 2005 – December 31, 2006
President George W. Bush
Preceded by John Danforth
Succeeded by Zalmay Khalilzad
3rd Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs
In office
May 11, 2001 – July 31, 2005
President George W. Bush
Preceded by John D. Holum
Succeeded by Robert Joseph
18th Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
In office
May 22, 1989 – January 20, 1993
President George H. W. Bush
Preceded by Richard S. Williamson
Succeeded by Douglas J. Bennet
United States Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Division
In office
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Richard K. Willard
Succeeded by Stuart M. Gerson
United States Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legislative Affairs
In office
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Robert McConnell
Succeeded by Thomas Boyd
Assistant Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development for Program and Policy Coordination
In office
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Alexander Shakow
Succeeded by Richard Derham
Personal details
John Robert Bolton

November 20, 1948 (1948-11-20) (age 73)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Political party Republican
Christine Bolton (m. 1972–1983)

Gretchen Smith
Children 1
Education Yale University (BA, JD)
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Branch/service Flag of the United States Army (official proportions).svg United States Army
Years of service 1970–1976
Unit United States Army Reserve
Maryland Army National Guard

John Robert Bolton (born November 20, 1948) is an American attorney, political commentator, Republican consultant and activist, government official and former diplomat who was the 27th National Security Advisor of the United States from April 9, 2018 to September 10, 2019.

Bolton served as the United States Ambassador to the United Nations from August 2005 to December 2006 as a recess appointee by President George W. Bush. He resigned at the end of his recess appointment in December 2006.

Bolton has been called a "war hawk" and is an advocate for regime change in Iran and North Korea and repeatedly called for the termination of the Iran deal. He was a supporter of the Iraq War and continues to support his decision. He has continuously supported military action and regime change in Syria, Libya, and Iran. A Republican, his political views have been described as American nationalist, conservative, and "neoconservative". Bolton rejects the last term and called himself "pro-American" instead.

Early life and education

Bolton was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Virginia Clara and Edward Jackson Bolton, a fireman. He grew up in the working-class neighborhood of Yale Heights and won a scholarship to the McDonogh School in Owings Mills, Maryland, graduating in 1966. He also ran the school's Students For Goldwater campaign in 1964.

Bolton attended Yale University, earning a B.A. and graduating summa cum laude in 1970. He was a member of the Yale Political Union. He attended Yale Law School from 1971 to 1974, where he shared classes with his friend Clarence Thomas, earning a J.D. in 1974.

Personal life

Bolton is married to Gretchen Smith Bolton, a financial planner with AXA Advisors. Together they have a daughter, Jennifer, and reside in Bethesda, Maryland. He is a Lutheran.

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