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John W. Geary facts for kids

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John W. Geary
16th Governor of Pennsylvania
In office
January 15, 1867 – January 21, 1873
Preceded by Andrew Gregg Curtin
Succeeded by John F. Hartranft
1st Mayor of San Francisco
In office
May 1, 1850 – May 4, 1851
Preceded by Postition established
Succeeded by Charles James Brenham
3rd Territorial Governor of Kansas
In office
September 9, 1856 – March 20, 1857
Preceded by Wilson Shannon
Succeeded by Robert J. Walker
Personal details
John White Geary

(1819-12-30)December 30, 1819
Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania
Died February 8, 1873(1873-02-08) (aged 53)
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Political party Democrat; Republican
Spouse(s) Margaret Ann Logan (widowed); Mary Church Henderson
Profession Teacher, Clerk, Land Speculator, Engineer, Soldier
Military service
Branch/service United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1846–1848, 1861–1865
Rank Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General
Union Army major general rank insignia.svg Brevet Major General
Battles/wars Mexican–American War
American Civil War

John White Geary (December 30, 1819 – February 8, 1873) was an American lawyer, politician, Freemason, and a Union general in the American Civil War. He was the first mayor of San Francisco. He was the 3rd Governor of the Kansas Territory. He was also the 16th Governor of Pennsylvania.


Geary was born near Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania. Today, it is close to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.


Geary became the first mayor of San Francisco. He is the youngest person to be mayor of San Francisco. President Franklin Pierce asked Geary to be the governor of the Utah Territory, but Geary said no.


President Franklin Pierce asked Geary to be Governor of the Kansas Territory, and Geary said yes. He became governor on July 31, 1856. Pro-slavery people did not like Geary. They wanted Daniel Woodson to be governor instead.

At first, he did not get along with anti-slavery people in Kansas. This changed. He became friends with Charles Robinson and Samuel Pomeroy. He believed pro-slavery people were the cause of the violence in Kansas.


Geary was a Republican Governor of Pennsylvania from 1867 to 1873. On February 8, 1873, he had a heart attack and died in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. He was 53 years old.

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