Lafayette Parish, Louisiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Lafayette Parish, Louisiana
Map
Map of Louisiana highlighting Lafayette Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the USA highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 17, 1823
Seat Lafayette
Largest City Lafayette
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

269 sq mi (697 km²)
269 sq mi (697 km²)
0.5 sq mi (1 km²), 0.2%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

240,098
825/sq mi (319/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.lafayettela.gov
Named for: Marquis de la Fayette

Lafayette Parish (French: Paroisse de Lafayette) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 221,578. The parish seat is Lafayette. The parish was founded in 1823. It was named in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette, the French general who took part in the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War and financially aided it.

Lafayette Parish is part of the Lafayette, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area and Lafayette-Opelousas-Morgan City, LA Combined Statistical Area.

History

See History of Lafayette, Louisiana for main article.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 269 square miles (700 km2), of which 269 square miles (700 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.2%) is water. It is the fifth-smallest parish in Louisiana by land area and third-smallest by total area.

Major highways

  • I-10.svg Interstate 10
  • I-49.svg Interstate 49
  • US 90.svg U.S. Highway 90
  • US 167.svg U.S. Highway 167
  • Louisiana 89.svgLouisiana Highway 89
  • Louisiana 92.svgLouisiana Highway 92
  • Louisiana 93.svgLouisiana Highway 93
  • Louisiana 96.svgLouisiana Highway 96
  • Louisiana 182.svgLouisiana Highway 182

Adjacent parishes

National protected area

  • Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve (part, in Lafayette)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 5,653
1840 7,841 38.7%
1850 6,720 −14.3%
1860 9,003 34.0%
1870 10,388 15.4%
1880 13,235 27.4%
1890 15,966 20.6%
1900 22,825 43.0%
1910 28,733 25.9%
1920 30,841 7.3%
1930 38,827 25.9%
1940 43,941 13.2%
1950 57,743 31.4%
1960 84,656 46.6%
1970 109,716 29.6%
1980 150,017 36.7%
1990 164,762 9.8%
2000 190,503 15.6%
2010 221,578 16.3%
Est. 2015 240,098 8.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

This was an area of Cajun settlement and culture. According to the 2000 US Census, there were 190,503 people, 72,372 households, and 48,851 families residing in the parish. The population density was 706 people per square mile (273/km²). There were 78,122 housing units at an average density of 290 per square mile (112/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 73.36% White, 23.80% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.37% reported speaking French or Cajun French at home, while 1.73% speak Spanish.[1]

There were 72,372 households out of which 36.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 14.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the parish the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, and 9.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $36,518, and the median income for a family was $45,158. Males had a median income of $36,428 versus $22,751 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $19,371. About 11.80% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.20% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over.

National Guard

The HQ and other units of the 256th IBCT reside in the city of Lafayette, Louisiana. This unit of over 3,500 Soldiers has deployed twice to Iraq, 2004-5 and 2010. This unit has also responded to disasters such as: Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Gustav, Hurricane Isaac, and the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill.

Communities

Map of Lafayette Parish Louisiana With Municipal Labels
Map of Lafayette Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Cities

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Prison

County

Name Address Zip Aged
Lafayette Parish Correctional Center 916 Lafayette St, Lafayette, Louisiana 70501 13+

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