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Libertyville, Illinois
Village
The Proctor Building in Libertyville (1903), taken in March 2013
The Proctor Building in Libertyville (1903), taken in March 2013
Official logo of Libertyville, Illinois
Logo
Motto(s): 
Fortitudine Vincimus
"By endurance we conquer"
Location of Libertyville in Lake County, Illinois.
Location of Libertyville in Lake County, Illinois.
Country United States United States
State Illinois Illinois
County Lake
Township Libertyville
Area
 • Total 9.16 sq mi (23.72 km2)
 • Land 8.81 sq mi (22.81 km2)
 • Water 0.35 sq mi (0.91 km2)  3.83%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 20,315
 • Estimate 
(2019)
20,205
 • Density 2,293.94/sq mi (885.72/km2)
Time zone Central
Zip Code
60048
Area code(s) 847/224
FIPS code 17-43250

Libertyville is a municipality in Lake County, Illinois, United States, and a northern suburb of Chicago. It is located 5 miles (8 km) west of Lake Michigan on the Des Plaines River. The 2010 census population was 20,315. It is part of Libertyville Township, which includes the village, neighboring Green Oaks, and portions of Vernon Hills, Mundelein, and unincorporated Waukegan and Lake Forest. Libertyville neighbors these villages as well as Gurnee to the north and Grayslake to the northwest. Libertyville is about 40 miles north of the Chicago Loop and is part of the United States Census Bureau's Chicago combined statistical area (CSA).

Geography

Libertyville is located at 42°17′03″N 87°57′38″W / 42.284222°N 87.960673°W / 42.284222; -87.960673Coordinates: 42°17′03″N 87°57′38″W / 42.284222°N 87.960673°W / 42.284222; -87.960673.

According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 9.15 square miles (23.7 km2), of which 8.81 square miles (22.8 km2) (or 96.28%) is land and 0.34 square miles (0.88 km2) (or 3.72%) is water.

The Des Plaines River forms much of the eastern boundary of the village. Other bodies of water include Butler Lake and Lake Minear.

Libertyville's main street is Milwaukee Avenue (Illinois Route 21). The main automobile route to Chicago is via Interstate 94 (the Tri-State Tollway and the Edens Expressway); Chicago's Loop is approximately 45 minutes away. The main Metra rail station sits at the northern edge of downtown off Milwaukee Avenue, and serves the Milwaukee District/North Line running from Union Station in Chicago to Fox Lake. The same line is served by another Metra station at Prairie Crossing, near the boundary of Libertyville and Grayslake. The Prairie Crossing station also serves Metra's North Central Line, with service from Union Station to Antioch.

Major streets

  • I-94.svg Tri-State Tollway
  • Illinois 21.svg Milwaukee Avenue
  • US 20.svg Lake Street
  • Illinois 137.svg Buckley Road/Peterson Road
  • Illinois 176.svg Park Avenue
  • Midlothian Road
  • Winchester Road
  • Butterfield Road
  • St. Mary's Road

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 695
1890 550 −20.9%
1900 864 57.1%
1910 1,724 99.5%
1920 2,125 23.3%
1930 3,791 78.4%
1940 3,930 3.7%
1950 5,425 38.0%
1960 8,560 57.8%
1970 11,684 36.5%
1980 16,520 41.4%
1990 19,174 16.1%
2000 20,742 8.2%
2010 20,315 −2.1%
2019 (est.) 20,205 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
Libertyville-Parade-Goose-Dropping
Parade balloon promoting The Goose Is Loose Festival in Libertyville

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,742 people, 7,298 households, and 5,451 families living in the village. The population density was 2,364.5 people per square mile (913.2/km2). There were 7,458 housing units at an average density of 850.2 per square mile (328.3/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 92% White, 5% Asian and 1% African American. 0.1% was Native American. About 1% each were classified as belonging to other races or to two or more races. 3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. While still largely homogeneous, ethnic diversity had increased slightly since the 1960 census, when the population was indicated as being 99.9% white.

As of the 2000 census, there were 7,298 households, out of which 40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66% were married couples living together, 7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25% were non-families. 22% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.7 and the average family size was 3.2.

28% of the village's population was under the age of 18, 5% from 18 to 24, 27% from 25 to 44, 28% from 45 to 64, and 12% 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median household income was $106,337, and the median income for a family was $127,474. Males had a median income of $72,320 versus $39,455 for females. The per capita income for the village was $40,426. About 1.9% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

As of the 2010 US Census, there were 20,315 people living in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 90.10% White, 1.23% African American, 0.16% Native American, 5.73% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.05% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.12% of the population.

History

St. Sava Serbian Orthodox Monastery Church
Saint Sava Serbian Orthodox Monastery Church is the former burial site of Peter II of Yugoslavia, who until 2013 was the only European monarch buried on U.S. soil.

The land that is now Libertyville was the property of the Illinois River Potawatomi Indians until August 1829, when economic and resource pressures forced the tribe to sell much of their land in northern Illinois to the U.S. government for $12,000 cash, an additional $12,000 in goods, plus an annual delivery of 50 barrels of salt.

Pursuant to the treaty, the Potawatomi left their lands by the mid-1830s, and by 1835 the future Libertyville had its first recorded non-indigenous resident, George Vardin. Said to be a "well-educated" English immigrant with a wife and a young daughter, Vardin lived in a cabin located where the Cook Park branch of the Cook Memorial Public Library District stands today. Though he apparently moved on to the west that same year, the settlement that grew up around his cabin was initially known as Vardin's Grove.

In 1836, during the celebrations that marked the 60th anniversary of the U.S. Declaration of Independence, the community voted to name itself Independence Grove. 1837 brought the town's first practicing physician, Jesse Foster, followed quickly by its first lawyer, Horace Butler, for whom Butler Lake is named. The professionals needed services, so a post office opened, necessitating a third name change, because another Independence Grove existed elsewhere in the state. On April 16, 1837, the new post office was registered under the name Libertyville.

The town's name changed again two years later to Burlington when it became the county seat of Lake County. When the county seat moved to Little Fort (now Waukegan) in 1841, the name reverted to Libertyville, without further changes.

Libertyville's most prominent building, the Cook Mansion, was built in 1879 by Ansel Brainerd Cook, very close to the spot where Vardin's cabin was built in the 1830s. Cook, a teacher and stonemason, became a prominent Chicago builder and politician, providing flagstones for the city's sidewalks and taking part in rebuilding after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. The two-story Victorian mansion served as Cook's summer home as well as the center of his horse farm, which provided animals for Chicago's horsecar lines. The building was remodeled in 1921, when it became the town library, gaining a Colonial-style facade with a pillared portico. The building is now a museum with furnishings of the period and other relevant displays. It is operated by the Libertyville-Mundelein Historical Society.

The community expanded rapidly with a spur of the Milwaukee Road train line (now a Metra commuter line) reaching Libertyville in 1881, resulting in the incorporation of the Village of Libertyville in 1882, with John Locke its first village president.

Libertyville's downtown area was largely destroyed by fire in 1895, and the village board mandated brick to be used for reconstruction, resulting in a village center whose architecture is substantially unified by both period and building material. The National Trust for Historic Preservation, which gave Libertyville a Great American Main Street Award, called the downtown "a place with its own sense of self, where people still stroll the streets on a Saturday night, and where the tailor, the hometown bakery, and the vacuum cleaner repair shop are shoulder to shoulder with gourmet coffee vendors and a microbrewery."

Adlai E. Stevenson II's home in Mettawa
Stevenson's home in Libertyville, IL (now Mettawa, IL)

Samuel Insull, founder of Commonwealth Edison, began purchasing land south of Libertyville in 1906. He eventually acquired 4,445 acres (17.99 km2), a holding that he named Hawthorn-Mellody Farms. He also bought the Chicago & Milwaukee Electric line (later the Chicago, North Shore & Milwaukee), which built a spur from Lake Bluff to Libertyville in 1903. When Insull was ruined by the Great Depression, parts of his estate were bought by prominent Chicagoans Adlai Stevenson and John F. Cuneo. The home Cuneo built is now the Cuneo Museum.

From 1970 until 2013, Libertyville was the resting place of the only European monarch buried on American soil, Peter II of Yugoslavia, who died in exile in Denver. On 22 January 2013, Peter II's remains were removed from his tomb at St. Sava Serbian Orthodox Monastery and sent to Serbia in a ceremony attended by the Serbian Prime Minister Ivica Dačić, Peter's son Alexander with his family, and Serbian Patriarch Irinej. Peter II lay in state in the Royal Chapel in Dedinje before his burial in the Royal Family Mausoleum at Oplenac on May 26, 2013.

Library

Libertyville is one of six communities comprising the Cook Memorial Public Library District. The Cook Park library, located on Cook and Brainerd streets in Libertyville, is one of the District's two library facilities. The library was originally housed in the Cook Mansion, after resident Ansel B. Cook's wife, Emily, deeded the property to the Village of Libertyville in 1920 for use as a library. In 1968, a 33,000-square-foot (3,100 m2) addition was added, adjacent to the Cook home. By 1984, the library's collection, as well as the population, had doubled in size. The Evergreen Interim Library opened in 2003 as a temporary facility at the south end of the district, in Vernon Hills. In 2007, the Library Board adopted plans to add an approximately 10,000-square-foot (930 m2) addition to the Cook Park facility, which was completed in January 2011.

Transportation

Libertyville has a station on Metra's North Central Service, which provides weekday rail service between Antioch, Illinois and Chicago (at Union Station). It also has two stations along Metra's Milwaukee District/North Line which provides service between Fox Lake and Union Station, one of which shares a driveway with the station for the North Central Service.

Drinking water supply

The Libertyville water supply comes from the Central Lake County Joint Action Water Agency (CLCJAWA) located in Lake Bluff. CLCJAWA purifies water from Lake Michigan.

Recreation

  • Pools: Adler Pool, Riverside Pool
  • Golf courses: Riverside, Merit Club
  • Lakes: Lake Minear, Butler Lake, Independence Grove
  • Parks: Adler, Cook, Sunrise Rotary, Charles Brown, Riverside, Butler Lake, Nicholas-Dowden, Independence Grove, Blueberry Hill, Paul Neal, Greentree, Jo Ann Eckmann, Gilbert Stiles.

Honors

In 2007, Libertyville was named the 52nd best place to live in the U.S. by CNN Money Magazine. In 2013, CNN Travel named Libertyville as one of America's best small town comebacks and CNNMoney.com listed Libertyville as one of the best places to live for the rich and single.

Economy

Top employers

According to the Village's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Advocate Condell Medical Center 1,829
2 Brightstar 593
3 Hollister Incorporated 527
4 Volkswagen Credit 446
5 Lake County 397
6 Fabrication Technologies 372
7 Commonwealth Edison 342
8 Libertyville District 70 328
9 Snap-on Credit 256
10 Community High School District 128 253

Education

Libertyville District 70

Libertyville has four public elementary schools and one public middle school within village lines, all comprising Libertyville District 70:

  • Adler Park Elementary School
  • Butterfield Elementary School
  • Copeland Manor Elementary School
  • Rockland Elementary School
  • Highland Middle School

Hawthorn District 73

Students residing south of Golf Road attend Hawthorn District 73 schools in Vernon Hills.

Oak Grove District 68

Students residing in communities along Buckley Road attend Oak Grove Grade School in neighboring Green Oaks.

Libertyville High School

Libertyville High School, part of Community High School District 128, serves students in Libertyville and other communities in Libertyville Township.

Other

The Roman Catholic St. Joseph Elementary School and St. John's Lutheran School of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod both provide Pre-K-8 education to residents of Libertyville and the surrounding area. St Sava Monastery is also home to the St. Sava Serbian Orthodox School of Theology.

Notable people

  • David Adler, architect (Castle Hill)
  • Marlon Brando, Academy Award–winning actor
  • Julia Cameron, writer and artist, most famous for her book The Artist's Way
  • Phil Collins, Libertyville trustee and Prohibition Party candidate for the 2020 United States presidential election
  • Marietta DePrima, actress (The Hughleys)
  • Bill Heck, actor
  • Jo Jorgensen, Libertarian Party candidate for President in 2020
  • Marissa Lingen, writer, born here.
  • Richard J. Lyons, Illinois state representative and lawyer
  • Mary Morello, co-founder of the anti-censorship group Parents for Rock and Rap
  • Jim Naureckas, editor of Extra!, FAIR's bimonthly journal of media criticism; co-author of "The Way Things Aren't: Rush Limbaugh's Reign of Error"
  • Alicia Patterson, editor and publisher, founder of Newsday
  • Cissy Patterson, publisher and countess
  • George F. Pond, Civil War-era Medal of Honor recipient
  • Gwynne Shotwell, President and Chief Operating Officer of SpaceX.
  • Phillipa Soo, Actress originating the role of Elizabeth Schuyler in the Broadway musical Hamilton
  • Adlai Stevenson, 31st Governor of Illinois and Democratic nominee for President in 1952 and 1956. Media reports during the campaign dubbed him The Man from Libertyville. His home and farm, now technically in neighboring Mettawa, is now a National Historic Landmark.
  • Mark Suppelsa, co-anchor of WGN-TV's 9:00 news
  • Peter II of Yugoslavia, the only monarch to be buried on U.S. soil, was buried in Libertyville up to 2013, before his body's return to Serbia.
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