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List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Manitoba facts for kids

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This is a list of National Historic Sites in Manitoba (French: Lieux historiques nationaux du Manitoba). There are 57 National Historic Sites designated in the province, eight of which are administered by Parks Canada. This list uses names designated by the national Historic Sites and Monuments Board, which may differ from other names for these sites.

Numerous National Historic Events also occurred across Manitoba, and are identified at places associated with them using the same style of federal plaques that marks National Historic Sites. Several National Historic Persons are commemorated throughout the province in the same way. The markers do not indicate which designation—a Site, Event, or Person—a subject has been given.

National Historic Sites

Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png administered by Parks Canada
Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Battle of Seven Oaks 1816 (battle) 1920 Winnipeg
49°55′55″N 97°7′16″W / 49.93194°N 97.12111°W / 49.93194; -97.12111 (Battle of Seven Oaks)
The site of a violent conflict between a group of Métis led by Cuthbert Grant and a party of Red River settlers led by Governor Robert Semple Monument to the Battle of Seven Oaks
BCATP Hangar No. 1 1941 (completed) 2001 Brandon
49°54′16″N 99°56′39″W / 49.90444°N 99.94417°W / 49.90444; -99.94417 (BCATP Hangar No. 1)
A well-preserved example of a British Commonwealth Air Training Plan hangar from the Second World War, still in its original location Fairchild PT-26B Cornell (C-GATP / FV725) in flying condition at the BCATP Hangar No. 1
Brockinton 800 CE (c.) 1973 Melita
49°8′51″N 101°1′47″W / 49.14750°N 101.02972°W / 49.14750; -101.02972 (Brockinton)
An archaeological site with evidence of three distinct cultures: a bison kill and butchering pound circa 800 CE, a Duck Bay culture occupation about 1100-1350 CE, and the first excavated evidence in Canada of the Williams culture from about 1600 CE Brockington Interpretive Sign
Camp Hughes 1909 (established) 2011 North Cypress
49°53′1.47″N 99°33′4.82″W / 49.8837417°N 99.5513389°W / 49.8837417; -99.5513389 (Camp Hughes)
More than 38,000 Canadians trained at this camp during the First World War, many of whom fought at the Battle of Vimy Ridge in April 1917 Soldiers at Camp Hughes in 1914
Canadian Pacific Railway Station (Winnipeg) 1906 (completed) 1982 Winnipeg
49°54′17″N 97°7′54″W / 49.90472°N 97.13167°W / 49.90472; -97.13167 (Canadian Pacific Railway Station (Winnipeg))
A four-storey former railway station; its landmark Beaux-Arts design and elaborate Tyndall stone detailing reflect the early 20th century growth and importance of both the Canadian Pacific Railway and Winnipeg as Western Canada's transportation hub Canadian Pacific Railway Station (Winnipeg) circa 1920
Churchill Rocket Research Range 1956 (established) 1988 Churchill
58°44′3″N 93°49′13″W / 58.73417°N 93.82028°W / 58.73417; -93.82028 (Churchill Rocket Research Range)
A former facility for the launching, tracking and retrieval of rockets; long Canada’s foremost upper atmosphere research centre
Confederation Building 1912 (completed) 1976 Winnipeg
49°53′55″N 97°8′19″W / 49.89861°N 97.13861°W / 49.89861; -97.13861 (Confederation Building)
A 10-storey office building; a good example of an early Sullivan-inspired skyscraper; also part of the Early Skyscrapers in Winnipeg NHSC Confederation Building
Dalnavert 1895 (completed) 1990 Winnipeg
49°53′9″N 97°8′31″W / 49.88583°N 97.14194°W / 49.88583; -97.14194 (Dalnavert)
A red-brick house with a large wooden verandah, originally built for Hugh John Macdonald; a good example of the Queen Anne Revival style in Canada Dalnavert in winter
Dominion Exhibition Display Building II 1913 (completed) 1999 Brandon
49°49′53″N 99°57′27″W / 49.83139°N 99.95750°W / 49.83139; -99.95750 (Dominion Exhibition Display Building II)
A wooden exhibition building; the only known surviving building constructed for the Dominion Exhibition held annually from 1879-1913
Early Skyscrapers in Winnipeg 1912-18 (period of construction) 1981 Winnipeg
49°53′49″N 97°8′18″W / 49.89694°N 97.13833°W / 49.89694; -97.13833 (Early Skyscrapers in Winnipeg)
A group of three tall commercial buildings (Union Trust Tower, the Confederation Building, and the Bank of Hamilton building) within the Exchange District. Reflective of the Chicago School, the group typifies Winnipeg’s early skyscrapers, which marked the beginning of the city's modern urban core. Banks row in Winnipeg, including the Union Trust and Bank of Hamilton buildings
Exchange District 1880 (established) 1996 Winnipeg
49°53′56.18″N 97°8′25.32″W / 49.8989389°N 97.1403667°W / 49.8989389; -97.1403667 (Exchange District)
A dense, turn-of-the-century warehousing and business centre, comprising about 150 buildings; contains a number of architecturally significant buildings illustrating Winnipeg’s key role as a gateway to Western Canada between 1880 and 1913 Electric Railway Chambers in Winnipeg's Exchange District
First Homestead in Western Canada 1872 (completed) 1945 Portage la Prairie
50°3′45″N 98°17′8″W / 50.06250°N 98.28556°W / 50.06250; -98.28556 (First Homestead in Western Canada)
The site of the first homestead in Western Canada, established under the federal government’s new survey system
Former Portage la Prairie Indian Residential School 1915 September 1, 2020 Long Plain First Nation
49°57′44″N 98°19′23″W / 49.962318°N 98.323009°W / 49.962318; -98.323009
A rare surviving example of a residential school, where the federal government and certain churches and religious organizations worked together to assimilate Indigenous children as part of a broad set of efforts to destroy Indigenous cultures and identities and suppress Indigenous histories.
Former Union Bank Building / Annex 1904 (completed) 1996 Winnipeg
49°53′56″N 97°8′22″W / 49.89889°N 97.13944°W / 49.89889; -97.13944 (Former Union Bank Building / Annex)
A 10-storey tower with a single-storey annex; the first skyscraper in Western Canada, representative of the key role played by finance in the expansion of the west Union Bank building and annex
Fort Dauphin 1741 (established) 1943 Winnipegosis
51°39′18″N 99°55′19″W / 51.65500°N 99.92194°W / 51.65500; -99.92194 (Fort Dauphin)
The site of a fort built by Pierre Gaultier de La Vérendrye in the fall of 1741 at the request of the Cree and Assiniboine peoples
Fort Dufferin 1872 (established) 1937 Emerson
49°1′50″N 97°12′7″W / 49.03056°N 97.20194°W / 49.03056; -97.20194 (Fort Dufferin)
Buildings used as the main camp for the North American Boundary Commission in 1872, and then used by the North-West Mounted Police in preparing for the "March West" in 1875; representative of Canada’s assertion of sovereignty over Manitoba and the North-West Territories in the 1870s

Fort Dufferin

Fort Garry Hotel 1913 (completed) 1981 Winnipeg
49°53′16″N 97°8′12″W / 49.88778°N 97.13667°W / 49.88778; -97.13667 (Fort Garry Hotel)
One of a series of Château-style hotels built by Canadian railway companies in the early 20th century to encourage tourists to travel the country's transcontinental routes Exterior view of the Fort Garry Hotel
Fort La Reine 1738 (established) 1925 Portage la Prairie
49°57′4″N 98°19′38″W / 49.95111°N 98.32722°W / 49.95111; -98.32722 (Fort La Reine)
The former site of a French fort on the north bank of the Assiniboine River; used as a base for further exploration of the Canadian Prairies, it was the most important of the posts established by Pierre Gaultier de La Vérendrye
Fort la Reine.jpg
Forts Rouge, Garry, and Gibraltar 1738 (Rouge established)

1807 (Gibraltar est.)

1821 (Garry est.)

1924 Winnipeg
49°53′16.49″N 97°8′7.21″W / 49.8879139°N 97.1353361°W / 49.8879139; -97.1353361 (Fort Garry (Forts Rouge, Garry, and Gibraltar))
49°53′57.6″N 97°7′32.58″W / 49.899333°N 97.1257167°W / 49.899333; -97.1257167 (Fort Gibraltar (Forts Rouge, Garry, and Gibraltar))
The sites of three fur trade forts once located near the forks of the Red and Assiniboine rivers (the north gate of Fort Garry II is the only surviving above-ground remains); representative of the three phases of the fur trade The gate as Fort Garry
Grey Nuns' Convent 1851 (completed) 1958 Winnipeg
49°53′16″N 97°7′23″W / 49.88778°N 97.12306°W / 49.88778; -97.12306 (Grey Nuns' Convent)
A convent built for the Grey Nuns and the first mission house of its kind in Western Canada; an outstanding example of Red River frame construction, and the oldest convent in use on the Canadian Prairies at the time of its designation Interior of the Grey Nuns' Convent
Holy Trinity Anglican Church 1884 (completed) 1990 Winnipeg
49°53′33″N 97°8′32″W / 49.89250°N 97.14222°W / 49.89250; -97.14222 (Holy Trinity Anglican Church)
A noted example of Victorian High Gothic architecture in Canada; a landmark church in central Winnipeg which has witnessed the evolution of the area from open prairie to commercial core. Holy Trinity Anglican Church in 1889
Inglis Grain Elevators 1922 to 1941 (period of construction) 1995 Shellmouth-Boulton
50°56′38″N 101°14′57″W / 50.94389°N 101.24917°W / 50.94389; -101.24917 (Inglis Grain Elevators)
A row of five wooden elevators lined up parallel to the railway tracks; rare surviving prairie icons from the "golden age of grain" The Inglis Grain Elevators as seen from the railway tracks
Linear Mounds Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png 900 CE (c.) 1973 Melita
49°6′57″N 101°1′4″W / 49.11583°N 101.01778°W / 49.11583; -101.01778 (Linear Mounds)
A site containing some of the best-preserved tumuli belonging to the Devil's Lake-Sourisford Burial Complex Linear Burial Mounds Interpretive Sign.tif
Lower Fort Garry Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png 1830 (established) 1950 Selkirk
50°6′44″N 96°55′55″W / 50.11222°N 96.93194°W / 50.11222; -96.93194 (Linear Mounds)
A Hudson’s Bay Company fort comprising a number of restored and reconstructed buildings within and outside its stone walls; a major supply centre for the fur trade in Western Canada and the location of the signing of Treaty 1 A stone building at Lower Fort Garry
Maison Gabrielle-Roy 1905 (completed) 2008 Winnipeg
49°53′24.68″N 97°6′39.73″W / 49.8901889°N 97.1110361°W / 49.8901889; -97.1110361 (Maison Gabrielle-Roy)
The 2+12-storey wood-frame house where Gabrielle Roy was born and lived for almost 30 years; the house inspired Roy's writing and she described and idealized it in several of her works Gabrielle Roy House.JPG
Manitoba Theatre Centre 1970 (completed) 2009 Winnipeg
49°53′55″N 97°8′12″W / 49.89861°N 97.13667°W / 49.89861; -97.13667 (Manitoba Theatre Centre)
An excellent example of small-scale Brutalist architecture in Canada and an exceptional theatre design; associated with the Manitoba Theatre Centre group, noted as a model regional theatre by the Canada Council for the Arts Exterior of Manitoba Theatre Centre
Metropolitan Theatre 1919 (completed) 1991 Winnipeg
49°53′35″N 97°8′34″W / 49.89306°N 97.14278°W / 49.89306; -97.14278 (Metropolitan Theatre)
A movie palace designed by C. Howard Crane; representative of the cultural impact of movie theatres in the 1920, and of the battle between the Allen and Famous Players chains for film-distribution supremacy in Canada Sketch of the Allen Theatre, later named the "Met", in 1919
Miami Railway Station (Canadian Northern) 1905 (completed) 1976 Miami
49°22′11″N 98°14′38″W / 49.36972°N 98.24389°W / 49.36972; -98.24389 (Miami Railway Station (Canadian Northern))
A wooden railway station located in a rural community; a rare surviving example of a Canadian Northern Railway station Exterior of the Miami Railway Station
Miss Davis' School Residence / Twin Oaks 1866 (c.) (completed) 1962 St. Andrews
50°3′22″N 96°59′17″W / 50.05611°N 96.98806°W / 50.05611; -96.98806 (Miss Davis' School Residence / Twin Oaks)
A two-storey limestone structure on one of the original river lots, built to house a school to educate the daughters of settlers and Hudson's Bay Company officials: a noted example of mid 19th-century Red River architecture
Neepawa Court House / Beautiful Plains County Court Building 1884 (completed) 1981 Neepawa
50°13′44″N 99°27′54″W / 50.22889°N 99.46500°W / 50.22889; -99.46500 (Neepawa Court House / Beautiful Plains County Court Building))
A two-storey buff brick building, the construction of which in the late-19th century secured Neepawa's place as the most prominent town in the district; representative of civic buildings of the period that were built to serve a number of public uses, in this case being the county and municipal offices, a courthouse, police station and theatre Exterior of the Neepawa Court House
Neubergthal Street Village 1876 (established) 1989 Rhineland
49°4′28″N 97°28′57″W / 49.07444°N 97.48250°W / 49.07444; -97.48250 (Neubergthal Street Village)
A living illustration of a Mennonite village on the Canadian Prairies, with the community's communal and self-sufficient values reflected in its development and architectural forms

Neubergthal, MB

Norway House 1825 (established) 1932 Norway House
53°59′23″N 97°49′2″W / 53.98972°N 97.81722°W / 53.98972; -97.81722 (Norway House)
The remnants of a former Hudson’s Bay Company fort near the banks of the Nelson River; the company's principal inland depot for the fur trade and the site where Treaty 5 was signed in 1875 Norway House 1878
Pantages Playhouse Theatre 1914 (completed) 1985 Winnipeg
49°53′56″N 97°8′16″W / 49.89889°N 97.13778°W / 49.89889; -97.13778 (Pantages Playhouse Theatre)
A former vaudeville theatre; one of the finest theatres built in Canada in this period for live theatrical performances Pantages Playhouse Theatre Winnipeg.jpg
Portage la Prairie Public Building 1898 (completed) 1983 Portage la Prairie
49°58′21″N 98°17′11″W / 49.97250°N 98.28639°W / 49.97250; -98.28639 (Portage la Prairie Public Building)
Constructed as the town's post office, customs house and inland revenue office, now the city hall; representative of small urban post offices by Thomas Fuller Portage la Prairie Municipal Building National Historic Site.tif
Prince of Wales Fort (Fort Churchill) Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png 1731 (established) 1920 Churchill
58°47′49.86″N 94°12′47.57″W / 58.7971833°N 94.2132139°W / 58.7971833; -94.2132139 (Prince of Wales Fort)
A fur-trade fortress built by the Hudson’s Bay Company on the tundra; illustrative of the rivalry between the British and French for control of Hudson Bay Aerial view of Prince of Wales Fort
Ralph Connor House 1914 (completed) 2009 Winnipeg
49°52′38.43″N 97°9′33.32″W / 49.8773417°N 97.1592556°W / 49.8773417; -97.1592556 (Ralph Connor House)
A brick and stone house built for the Reverend Charles Gordon, who in this residence wrote best-selling Christian adventure novels under the pen name of Ralph Connor Ralph Connor House surrounded by trees
Red River Floodway 1968 (completed) 2000 Winnipeg
50°5′24″N 96°56′3″W / 50.09000°N 96.93417°W / 50.09000; -96.93417 (Red River Floodway)
Winnipeg is located on a floodplain at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine Rivers, and the floodway diverts excess waters harmlessly around the city; an outstanding engineering achievement both in terms of function and impact Aerial view of the Red River Floodway
Riding Mountain Park East Gate Registration Complex Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png 1936 (completed) 1992 Riding Mountain National Park
50°40′58″N 99°33′20″W / 50.68278°N 99.55556°W / 50.68278; -99.55556 (Riding Mountain Park East Gate Registration Complex)
Three log buildings (the Whirlpool Warden’s Residence, the East Gate Entrance Building, and the Gatekeeper’s Cottage) at the eastern entrance to the park; a nationally significant example of 1930s rustic design in Canada’s National Parks The east gate at Riding Mountain National Park
Riel House Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png 1881 (completed) 1976 Winnipeg
49°49′9″N 97°8′10″W / 49.81917°N 97.13611°W / 49.81917; -97.13611 (Riel House)
A squared log house set on the east side of the Red River, where Louis Riel was laid in state after his execution in 1885; representative of Métis river lots, a form of prairie settlement Riel House exterior
Roslyn Court Apartments 1909 (completed) 1991 Winnipeg
49°52′50″N 97°8′49″W / 49.88056°N 97.14694°W / 49.88056; -97.14694 (Roslyn Court Apartments)
A five-storey red brick apartment building; a noted example of the Queen Anne Revival style and turn-of-the-century apartment design Front facade of the Roslyn Court Apartments
Sea Horse Gully Remains 1969 Churchill
58°45′58″N 94°15′46″W / 58.76611°N 94.26278°W / 58.76611; -94.26278 (Sea Horse Gully Remains)
Large Dorset and pre-Dorset site
Souris-Assiniboine Posts 1793 (establishment) 1927 Wawanesa
49°35′58″N 99°41′2″W / 49.59944°N 99.68389°W / 49.59944; -99.68389 (Souris-Assiniboine Posts)
A major supply centre for the fur trade located at the confluence of the Souris and Assiniboine Rivers, where the Hudson's Bay, North West, and XY companies built at least seven forts between 1793 and 1824 Souris - Assiniboine Posts.jpg
St. Andrew's Anglican Church 1849 (completed) 1970 St. Andrews
50°4′0″N 96°58′35″W / 50.06667°N 96.97639°W / 50.06667; -96.97639 (St. Andrew's Anglican Church)
The oldest surviving stone church in Western Canada which once served as a centre of Anglican missionary activity in Rupert's Land; the earliest example of Gothic Revival architecture in the West Exterior of St. Andrew's Church
St. Andrew's Rectory Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png 1854 (originally completed) 1962 St. Andrews
50°3′59″N 96°58′39″W / 50.06639°N 96.97750°W / 50.06639; -96.97750 (St. Andrew's Rectory)
A two-storey, stone house, first built as a residence for the Anglican parish priest; illustrative of Hudson's Bay Company architecture, which adapted building techniques from Scotland to the Canadian frontier St Andrew's Rectory from a distance
St. Andrews Caméré Curtain Bridge Dam 1910 (completed) 1990 Lockport
50°5′4″N 96°56′23″W / 50.08444°N 96.93972°W / 50.08444; -96.93972 (St. Andrews Caméré Curtain Bridge Dam)
A 270-metre-long (890 ft) bridge-dam spanning the Red River; largest movable dam of its type ever constructed, and possibly the only surviving dam of its type in the world St. Andrews Caméré Curtain Bridge Dam and the Red River
St. Boniface City Hall 1905 (completed) 1984 Winnipeg
49°53′34″N 97°7′14″W / 49.89278°N 97.12056°W / 49.89278; -97.12056 (St. Boniface City Hall)
An outstanding example of a town hall in Western Canada Exterior of St. Boniface City Hall
St. Boniface Hospital Nurses' Residence 1928 (completed) 1997 Winnipeg
49°53′3″N 97°7′27″W / 49.88417°N 97.12417°W / 49.88417; -97.12417 (St. Boniface Hospital Nurses' Residence)
A five-storey brick building originally built as a nursing school and residence; constructed in a period of growing recognition of nursing as a profession and it continues to commemorate the contribution of nurses to medicine and the role of women as health care professionals
St. Michael's Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church 1899 (completed) 1987 Stuartburn
49°4′18″N 96°44′26″W / 49.07167°N 96.74056°W / 49.07167; -96.74056 (St. Michael's Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church)
A Byzantine-style wooden church built by the first group of immigrants to Canada from Bukovina, making it the first permanent Ukrainian Orthodox church erected in Canada; representative of early Ukrainian ecclesiastical architecture in Canada, and commemorative of the cultural heritage and skilled craftsmanship the first Ukrainians brought to their new country
The Forks Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png 4000 BCE (c.) 1974 Winnipeg
49°53′12″N 97°7′42″W / 49.88667°N 97.12833°W / 49.88667; -97.12833 (The Forks)
A recreational and commercial gathering place at a river junction that historically has served as an important transportation point; a cultural landscape that bears witness to 6,000 years of human activity, including being used as a meeting place, fishing camp, trading place and settlement The Forks Market tower
Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Immaculate Conception 1938 (completed) 1996 Springfield
50°0′14″N 96°46′22″W / 50.00389°N 96.77278°W / 50.00389; -96.77278 (Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Immaculate Conception)
A Kievan-style Ukrainian church whose domes present a distinctive silhouette on the surrounding flat prairie; one of the most ambitious and accomplished of the "Prairie Cathedrals" designed by the Reverend Philip Ruh
Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Resurrection 1939 (completed) 1997 Dauphin
51°8′30″N 100°3′41″W / 51.14167°N 100.06139°W / 51.14167; -100.06139 (Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Resurrection)
Ukrainian Labour Temple 1919 (completed) 2009 Winnipeg
49°55′4.06″N 97°8′54.85″W / 49.9177944°N 97.1485694°W / 49.9177944; -97.1485694 (Ukrainian Labour Temple)
A centre of Ukrainian Canadian culture until the late 1960s, and a base for educational, charitable and other immigrant services; an important gathering place in 1919 for Ukrainian strikers during the Winnipeg General Strike
Union Station / Winnipeg Railway Station (Canadian National) 1911 (completed) 1976 Winnipeg
49°53′20″N 97°8′3″W / 49.88889°N 97.13417°W / 49.88889; -97.13417 (Union Station / Winnipeg Railway Station (Canadian National))
A Beaux-Arts railway terminal; one of Western Canada’s largest railway stations, the construction of which symbolized the confidence of the railway companies and the government in the growth of the West Front facade of the Union Station / Winnipeg Railway Station (Canadian National)
Walker Theatre 1907 (completed) 1991 Winnipeg
49°53′45″N 97°8′37″W / 49.89583°N 97.14361°W / 49.89583; -97.14361 (Walker Theatre)
A noted example of a surviving early legitimate theatre in Canada, unique in the country due to the Chicago influences in its design; associated with political rallies in its early years, particularly related to the labour and women's suffrage movements Front facade of the former Walker Theatre, now the Burton Cummings Theatre
Wasyl Negrych Pioneer Homestead 1897 (established) 1997 Gilbert Plains
51°18′26″N 100°27′2″W / 51.30722°N 100.45056°W / 51.30722; -100.45056 (Wasyl Negrych Pioneer Homestead)
Ten log buildings with associated fields and orchards that collectively represent one of the earliest and best preserved examples of a Ukrainian farm in Canada
Winnipeg Law Courts 1916 (completed) 1981 Winnipeg
49°53′12″N 97°8′48″W / 49.88667°N 97.14667°W / 49.88667; -97.14667 (Winnipeg Law Courts)
A three-storey, Beaux-Arts court house of sculpted grey limestone, located directly across from the Manitoba Legislative Building; its siting and classically-inspired design symbolize the importance of Manitoba's court system The Winnipeg Law Courts in winter
York Factory Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png 1684 (established) 1936 York Factory
57°0′10″N 92°18′17″W / 57.00278°N 92.30472°W / 57.00278; -92.30472 (York Factory)
A 17th-century fur trade post, first established by the French and later rebuilt by the Hudson’s Bay Company, located near the mouth of the Hayes River; the principal base for expansion of the fur trade into the interior of Western Canada Aerial view of York Factory in 1925
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