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Madison County, Mississippi facts for kids

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For counties with the same name, see Madison County (disambiguation).
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Madison County
Madison County courthouse in Canton
Madison County courthouse in Canton
Map of Mississippi highlighting Madison County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Mississippi
Founded January 29, 1828
Named for James Madison
Seat Canton
Largest city Ridgeland
 • Total 742 sq mi (1,920 km2)
 • Land 715 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Water 27 sq mi (70 km2)  3.7%%
 • Estimate 
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 2nd, 3rd

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 95,203. The county seat is Canton. The county is named for U.S. President James Madison.

Madison County is part of the Jackson, MS Metropolitan Statistical Area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 742 square miles (1,920 km2), of which 715 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (3.7%) is water. The southeastern border of the county is defined by the old course of the Pearl River before it was dammed to create the 33,000 acres (130 km2) Ross Barnett Reservoir.

The boundaries of the county are set in Mississippi Code section 19-1-89 as: Madison County is bounded by beginning at a point on Big Black River, where the same crosses the center line in township twelve, range three, east; thence east to the old Choctaw boundary line; thence north on said boundary line to the center line of township twelve, range five, east; thence through the center of said township twelve, range five, east, to the range line between townships five and six, east; thence south on said range line to Pearl River; thence down said river, with its meanderings, to the line between townships six and seven, north; thence west on said township line to the basis meridian of the Choctaw survey; thence north on said meridian line to the line between townships seven and eight, north; thence west on said township line to the line between ranges two and three, west; thence north on said range line to Big Black River; thence up said river, with its meanderings, to the beginning.

Major highways

  • I-55.svg Interstate 55
  • US 49.svg U.S. Highway 49
  • US 51.svg U.S. Highway 51
  • Circle sign 16.svg Mississippi Highway 16
  • Circle sign 17.svg Mississippi Highway 17
  • Circle sign 22.svg Mississippi Highway 22
  • Circle sign 43.svg Mississippi Highway 43
  • Natchez Trace Parkway

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Natchez Trace Parkway (part)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 4,973
1840 15,530 212.3%
1850 18,173 17.0%
1860 23,382 28.7%
1870 20,948 −10.4%
1880 25,866 23.5%
1890 27,321 5.6%
1900 32,493 18.9%
1910 33,505 3.1%
1920 29,292 −12.6%
1930 35,796 22.2%
1940 37,504 4.8%
1950 33,860 −9.7%
1960 32,904 −2.8%
1970 29,737 −9.6%
1980 41,613 39.9%
1990 53,794 29.3%
2000 74,674 38.8%
2010 95,203 27.5%
Est. 2015 103,465 8.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 74,674 people, 27,219 households, and 19,325 families residing in the county. The population density was 104 people per square mile (40/km²). There were 28,781 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 60.29% White, 37.48% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. 0.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 27,219 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.90% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 32.40% from 25 to 44, 20.30% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 90.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,970, and the median income for a family was $58,172. Males had a median income of $41,460 versus $29,170 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,469. About 10.60% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 13.20% of those age 65 or over.

Madison County has the highest per capita income in the State of Mississippi. It is the only county in Mississippi with a per capita income higher than the nation average.




Census-designated place

  • Kearney Park

Other uincorporated communities

Ghost town

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