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Madison County, Mississippi facts for kids

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Madison County
Madison County courthouse in Canton
Madison County courthouse in Canton
Map of Mississippi highlighting Madison County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Mississippi
Founded January 29, 1828
Named for James Madison
Seat Canton
Largest city Madison
 • Total 742 sq mi (1,920 km2)
 • Land 715 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Water 27 sq mi (70 km2)  3.7%
 • Total 95,203
 • Estimate 
 • Density 128.31/sq mi (49.54/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 2nd, 3rd

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 95,203. The county seat is Canton. The county is named for U.S. President James Madison.

Madison County is part of the Jackson, MS Metropolitan Statistical Area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 742 square miles (1,920 km2), of which 715 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (3.7%) is water. The southeastern border of the county is defined by the old course of the Pearl River before it was dammed to create the 33,000 acres (130 km2) Ross Barnett Reservoir.

The boundaries of the county are set in Mississippi Code section 19-1-89 as: Madison County is bounded by beginning at a point on Big Black River, where the same crosses the center line in township twelve, range three, east; thence east to the old Choctaw boundary line; thence north on said boundary line to the center line of township twelve, range five, east; thence through the center of said township twelve, range five, east, to the range line between townships five and six, east; thence south on said range line to Pearl River; thence down said river, with its meanderings, to the line between townships six and seven, north; thence west on said township line to the basis meridian of the Choctaw survey; thence north on said meridian line to the line between townships seven and eight, north; thence west on said township line to the line between ranges two and three, west; thence north on said range line to Big Black River; thence up said river, with its meanderings, to the beginning.

Major highways

  • I-55.svg Interstate 55
  • US 49.svg U.S. Highway 49
  • US 51.svg U.S. Highway 51
  • Circle sign 16.svg Mississippi Highway 16
  • Circle sign 17.svg Mississippi Highway 17
  • Circle sign 22.svg Mississippi Highway 22
  • Circle sign 43.svg Mississippi Highway 43
  • Natchez Trace Parkway

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Natchez Trace Parkway (part)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 4,973
1840 15,530 212.3%
1850 18,173 17.0%
1860 23,382 28.7%
1870 20,948 −10.4%
1880 25,866 23.5%
1890 27,321 5.6%
1900 32,493 18.9%
1910 33,505 3.1%
1920 29,292 −12.6%
1930 35,796 22.2%
1940 37,504 4.8%
1950 33,860 −9.7%
1960 32,904 −2.8%
1970 29,737 −9.6%
1980 41,613 39.9%
1990 53,794 29.3%
2000 74,674 38.8%
2010 95,203 27.5%
2020 109,145 14.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014

2020 census

Madison County Racial Composition
Race Num. Perc.
White 60,273 55.22%
Black or African American 38,526 35.3%
Native American 160 0.15%
Asian 3,167 2.9%
Pacific Islander 13 0.01%
Other/Mixed 2,889 2.65%
Hispanic or Latino 4,117 3.77%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 109,145 people, 40,046 households, and 28,374 families residing in the county.




Census-designated place

  • Kearney Park

Other uincorporated communities

Ghost town


There are two school districts: Madison County School District and Canton Public School District.

Private schools:

  • Canton Academy
  • Madison-Ridgeland Academy
  • St. Andrew's Episcopal School Secondary school
  • St. Joseph Catholic School (of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jackson)
  • Veritas School (CLOSED)

The local community college is Holmes Community College.

Tougaloo College is in Madison County.

Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Athletes:
Jackie Robinson
Jack Johnson
Althea Gibson
Arthur Ashe
Muhammad Ali
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