Matfield Green, Kansas facts for kids

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Matfield Green, Kansas
City
Location within Chase County and Kansas
Location within Chase County and Kansas
KDOT map of Chase County (legend)
KDOT map of Chase County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Chase
Township Matfield
Area
 • Total 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
 • Land 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,316 ft (401 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 47
 • Estimate (2015) 45
 • Density 336/sq mi (131/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66862
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-45150
GNIS feature ID 0477807

Matfield Green is a city in Chase County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 47.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. The historic Native American tribes of Kansas are many, including the Kansa, or "Wind People," from whom the name of the state is derived. Also included are the related Osage, Pawnee, and Wichita. From the west and north ranged the Comanche and Apache, as well as the Kiowa, Cheyenne and Arapaho.

From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Chase County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Matfield Green.

Matfield Green was named after Matfield, in England.

In 1870, Bazaar Township, Chase County, Kansas which includes Matfield Green had a population of 376, growing to 1,096 by 1880. In its heyday, at the beginning of the 19th century, Matfield Green grew to about 350 residents and possessed a bank, grocery store, livery and blacksmith, hardware, flour mill and lumberyard, and even a hotel for visitors. It also had its own schools. A post office existed in Matfield Green from January 11, 1867 to September 30, 1995.

Present

Like many small towns in Kansas, Matfield Green struggles to maintain its existence. It is helped by a small colony of artists and writers who work to preserve the community, along with the nearby historic Pioneer Bluffs ranch headquarters.

Geography

Knuterocknememorial
Knute Rockne memorial at Kansas Turnpike Authority rest stop (2009)

Matfield Green is located at 38°09′35″N 96°33′43″W / 38.159609°N 96.562013°W / 38.159609; -96.562013 (38.159609, -96.562013)., in the scenic Flint Hills of the Great Plains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2), all of it land.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Matfield Green has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Area attractions

Matfield Green has two ranches on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP): Crocker Ranch (NRHP). 1908-1940 Pioneer Bluffs Ranch (NRHP), approximately 1 mile north on K-177 Highway. Pioneer Bluffs is an early twentieth century ranch, consisting of one dozen vintage farm buildings.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 324
1930 182
1940 146 −19.8%
1950 119 −18.5%
1960 95 −20.2%
1970 77 −18.9%
1980 71 −7.8%
1990 33 −53.5%
2000 60 81.8%
2010 47 −21.7%
Est. 2015 45 −4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

Matfield Green is part of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 47 people, 24 households, and 11 families residing in the city. The population density was 335.7 inhabitants per square mile (129.6/km2). There were 36 housing units at an average density of 257.1 per square mile (99.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White.

There were 24 households of which 16.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 54.2% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 2.73.

The median age in the city was 58.8 years. 17% of residents were under the age of 18; 0.0% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 12.8% were from 25 to 44; 34.1% were from 45 to 64; and 36.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.1% male and 48.9% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 60 people, 31 households, and 18 families residing in the city. The population density was 314.9 people per square mile (121.9/km2). There were 34 housing units at an average density of 178.4 per square mile (69.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White.

There were 31 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, and 41.9% were non-families. 38.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.94 and the average family size was 2.56.

In the city, the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 1.7% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 31.7% from 45 to 64, and 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 114.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 128.6 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $27,500, and the median income for a family was $29,375. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $14,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,642. There were 19.0% of families and 19.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 35.7% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.


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