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Michael Servetus
Michael Servetus.jpg
Born Unknown, possibly 29 September 1511
Villanueva de Sigena, Kingdom of Aragon
Died 27 October 1553(1553-10-27) (aged 42)
Occupation Theologian, physician, cartographer, translator
Theological work
Era Renaissance
Main interests Theology, medicine
Notable ideas Nontrinitarian Christology, pulmonary circulation

Michael Servetus (also known as Miguel Servet, Miguel de Villanueva, Michel Servet, Revés, or Michel de Villeneuve (Villanueva de Sigena, Aragón, Spain, 29 September 1509 or 1511 – 27 October 1553), was a Spanish theologian, physician, cartographer, and Renaissance humanist.

He was the first European to correctly describe the function of pulmonary circulation, as discussed in Christianismi Restitutio (1553). He was a polymath versed in many sciences: mathematics, astronomy and meteorology, geography, human anatomy, medicine and pharmacology, as well as jurisprudence, translation, poetry and the scholarly study of the Bible in its original languages.

He is renowned in the history of several of these fields, particularly medicine. He participated in the Protestant Reformation, and later developed a heterodox view of the Trinity and Christology.

After being condemned by Catholic authorities in France, he fled to Calvinist Geneva where he was burnt at the stake for heresy by order of the city's governing council.

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