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New London, New Hampshire
Town offices
Town offices
Official seal of New London, New Hampshire
Location in Merrimack County and the state of New Hampshire
Location in Merrimack County and the state of New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°24′50″N 71°59′07″W / 43.41389°N 71.98528°W / 43.41389; -71.98528Coordinates: 43°24′50″N 71°59′07″W / 43.41389°N 71.98528°W / 43.41389; -71.98528
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Merrimack
Incorporated 1779
Villages New London
 • Total 25.6 sq mi (66.3 km2)
 • Land 22.5 sq mi (58.3 km2)
 • Water 3.1 sq mi (8.0 km2)  12.04%
1,291 ft (394 m)
 • Total 4,397
 • Density 171.8/sq mi (66.32/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03257 (New London)
03233 (Elkins)
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-52100
GNIS feature ID 0873682

New London is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,397 at the 2010 census. The town is the home of Colby–Sawyer College.

The town center, where 1,403 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the New London census-designated place (CDP), and is located on a hilltop along New Hampshire Route 114 north of Route 11 and Interstate 89.


In 1753, the Masonian Proprietors of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, granted the area now called New London as "Heidelberg". Although it appears on some New Hampshire maps, the township was never settled, and the 1753 grant lapsed into default.

In 1773, roughly the same area was awarded as the "Alexandria Addition" to a new group of speculators, who had previously been granted the adjacent township of Alexandria. These proprietors were led by Jonas Minot of Concord, Massachusetts, but the others were Scotch-Irish immigrants living in Londonderry, New Hampshire. None built dwellings in the Alexandria Addition. Instead they recruited settlers to build roads, mills, schools, and a church—all increasing the value of their land holdings. Nearly all of the original settlers came from Massachusetts, either from the Amesbury area of the north shore or from the Attleboro area in the southeast. The township proprietors soon began a long, systematic process of subdividing and selling their properties at great profit.

By 1779, there were sixteen families recorded within the bounds of the Alexandria Addition, and they petitioned the General Court to incorporate as the town of "New London"—officially named after London, England, but perhaps also an acknowledgement of the Londonderry-based proprietors. The first town meeting was held on August 3, 1779.

In 1807, the northern half of New London was annexed, merged with an area called "Kearsarge Gore", and then incorporated as the town of Wilmot, New Hampshire. In the early 19th century, there were three small additions to New London, including the village of Otterville in 1817.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.6 square miles (66 km2), of which 22.5 sq mi (58 km2) is land and 3.1 sq mi (8.0 km2) is water, comprising 12.04% of the town. The highest point in town is Morgan Hill, approximately 1,770 feet (540 m) above sea level.

The town is crossed by Interstate 89, which serves New London with two exits, and by New Hampshire Routes 11, 103A, and 114.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 311
1800 617 98.4%
1810 692 12.2%
1820 924 33.5%
1830 913 −1.2%
1840 1,019 11.6%
1850 945 −7.3%
1860 952 0.7%
1870 959 0.7%
1880 875 −8.8%
1890 799 −8.7%
1900 768 −3.9%
1910 805 4.8%
1920 701 −12.9%
1930 812 15.8%
1940 1,039 28.0%
1950 1,484 42.8%
1960 1,738 17.1%
1970 2,236 28.7%
1980 2,935 31.3%
1990 3,180 8.3%
2000 4,116 29.4%
2010 4,397 6.8%
2017 (est.) 4,403 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,397 people, 1,666 households, and 1,037 families residing in the town. There were 2,303 housing units, of which 637, or 27.7%, were vacant. 521 of the vacant units were for seasonal or recreational use. The racial makeup of the town was 96.5% white, 1.1% African American, 0.05% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.05% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.1% some other race, and 1.2% from two or more races. 1.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 1,666 households, 18.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were headed by married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.2% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09, and the average family size was 2.63. 912 town residents, or 20.7% of the population, lived in group quarters rather than households.

In the town, 13.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 22.6% were from 18 to 24, 10.0% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 30.7% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 76.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.3 males.

For the period 2011–2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $68,981, and the median income for a family was $98,833. Male full-time workers had a median income of $57,237 versus $55,641 for females. The per capita income for the town was $35,090. 9.9% of the population and 6.4% of families were below the poverty line. 8.7% of the population under the age of 18 and 2.0% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.

Sites of interest

  • Colby–Sawyer College: A small liberal arts school that includes a gym open to the public.
  • Little Sunapee Lake: A clean, small lake on the west side of town with public and private beaches. Bucklin Beach, owned and operated by the town, allows parking in its lot only by town residents.
  • New London Barn Playhouse: A prominent summer stock small professional theatre. New Hampshire's oldest summer theatre. Each summer it produces Musicals and Dramas to sold out crowds of residents and tourists.
  • First Baptist Church: Built in 1826 and opened in January of the following year, the church is of a classical New England design by the renowned church architect Asher Benjamin. The First Baptist Meeting House is listed on both the Federal and State Register of Historic Places.
  • Pleasant Lake: Located on the east side of town, the lake features public beach access from Elkins Beach. Fireworks on the Fourth of July.
  • Mount Kearsarge: The mountain occupies the towns of Warner and Wilmot and is a prominent landform overlooking New London. The Wilmot trailhead in Winslow State Park is a 15-minute drive away, and the trip from the park to the summit is about 1 mile by the Winslow Trail. The Barlow Trail is a longer route to the summit that allows hikers to make a loop.
  • Mount Sunapee Resort is about 20 minutes (12 miles (19 km) by road) south of town and provides skiing and riding in the winter. It is also a resort in the summer, featuring activities such as hiking, zip lining, rock climbing, mini and disc golf, and segway tours.
  • New London Town Green: Friday nights during the summer there are free concerts here. The first weekend in August is Hospital Day, featuring a small carnival, a parade, and a triathlon to help raise money for the local hospital.

Notable person

  • Julia A. A. Wood (c. 1826–1903), author; pen name, Minnie Mary Lee
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