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New Marlborough, Massachusetts facts for kids

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New Marlborough, Massachusetts
Town
Entering New Marlborough - Inc. 1759
Entering New Marlborough - Inc. 1759
Official seal of New Marlborough, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Berkshire County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Berkshire County and the state of Massachusetts.
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Berkshire
Settled 1738
Incorporated 1759
Area
 • Total 47.9 sq mi (124.1 km2)
 • Land 46.9 sq mi (121.4 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)
Elevation 1,351 ft (412 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,509
 • Density 32/sq mi (12.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01244
Area code(s) 413
FIPS code 25-45420
GNIS feature ID 0618272

New Marlborough is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,509 at the 2010 census. New Marlborough consists of five villages: Clayton, Hartsville, Mill River, New Marlborough Village and Southfield.

History

New Marlborough was first settled in 1738 as one of the four townships opened along the road between Sheffield and Westfield. The town was officially incorporated in 1775, and presumably named for Marlborough, Massachusetts. The town grew as a combination of agriculture in the area around the town center, and mills along the rivers in town. Today it is mostly rural, with little industry.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 47.9 square miles (124.1 km2), of which 46.9 square miles (121.4 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), or 2.12%, is water. New Marlborough is bordered on the north by Monterey, on the east by Sandisfield, on the south by Norfolk and North Canaan, Connecticut, on the west by Sheffield, and on the northwest by Great Barrington. New Marlborough is located 26 miles (42 km) south of Pittsfield, 42 miles (68 km) west of Springfield and 128 miles (206 km) west-southwest of Boston.

New Marlborough is located in the lower Berkshires, dotted by several peaks. Several rivers, including the Konkapot River, Umpachene River, and Whiting River, flow through the town, all of which feed into the Housatonic River. There are also several swamps and ponds, including Lake Buel on the Monterey line, and the Thousand Acre Swamp in the southeast corner. The swamp lies along the border of Campbells Falls State Park, named for the falls along the Whiting River. Parts of Sandisfield State Forest also lie in the town.

The town lies along Massachusetts Route 183, which passes from Lenox and Great Barrington towards Sandisfield and the Connecticut border. For the northern half of the route, Route 183 is combined with Route 57, which splits near the geographic center of town to head east towards Sandisfield and its eventual terminus in Agawam.

The nearest interstate, Interstate 90 (the Massachusetts Turnpike) passes several miles north of the town, with the nearest exit, Exit 2 in Lee, being 15 miles (24 km) away. The nearest bus service is in Great Barrington, and the nearest rail service (along the Lake Shore Line of Amtrak) is in Pittsfield. The nearest small airport is in Great Barrington, with the nearest national air service being at Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut.

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 1,847 —    
1860 1,782 −3.5%
1870 1,855 +4.1%
1880 1,876 +1.1%
1890 1,305 −30.4%
1900 1,282 −1.8%
1910 1,124 −12.3%
1920 1,010 −10.1%
1930 864 −14.5%
1940 956 +10.6%
1950 989 +3.5%
1960 1,083 +9.5%
1970 1,031 −4.8%
1980 1,160 +12.5%
1990 1,240 +6.9%
2000 1,494 +20.5%
2010 1,509 +1.0%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,494 people, 582 households, and 403 families residing in the town. By population, the town ranks 17th out of the 32 cities and towns in Berkshire County, and 307th out of the 351 cities and towns in Massachusetts. The population density was 31.7 people per square mile (12.2/km²), which ranks 23rd in the county and 329th in the Commonwealth. There were 963 housing units at an average density of 20.4 per square mile (7.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.52% White, 1.67% African American, 0.13% Asian, 0.13% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population.

There were 582 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 106.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,875, and the median income for a family was $56,944. Males had a median income of $34,205 versus $25,972 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,658. About 3.7% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

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