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Sandisfield, Massachusetts
Town
The bridge that carries Route 57 across the Clam River
The bridge that carries Route 57 across the Clam River
Official seal of Sandisfield, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Berkshire County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Berkshire County and the state of Massachusetts.
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Berkshire
Settled 1750
Incorporated 1762
Area
 • Total 53.0 sq mi (137.2 km2)
 • Land 51.8 sq mi (134.2 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3.0 km2)
Elevation 1,577 ft (481 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 915
 • Density 18/sq mi (6.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01255
Area code(s) 413
FIPS code 25-59665
GNIS feature ID 0619426

Sandisfield is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 915 at the 2010 census.

History

Sandisfield was first settled in 1750 as Housatonic Township Number 4, and was officially incorporated in 1762. It was most likely named to honor Lord Sandys, a British colonial official - pronounced 'Sands'. The town was mostly an agricultural setting in the earliest times, with rye fields and orchards filling the land. Sawmills grew up along the rivers, but most industry failed in the late nineteenth century, when a planned railway along the Farmington River fell through. Significant numbers of Ukrainian farmers moved in during the late nineteenth century, many of them running chicken farms.

The Record was published from 1981-1985 and The Newsletter for a decade during the 1990s. The volunteer-run Sandisfield Times has been published 11 times a year since 2009. Today the picturesque town is mostly rural, with some of the least densely populated parts of the state.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 53.0 square miles (137.2 km2), of which 51.8 square miles (134.2 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.0 km2), or 2.22%, is water. The town is the largest by land area in Berkshire County, and eighth largest in the state. Sandisfield lies at the southeast corner of Berkshire County along the Connecticut border, with Hampden County to the east and Litchfield County, Connecticut, to the south. Sandisfield is bordered by Otis to the north and northeast, Tolland to the east, Colebrook and Norfolk, Connecticut, to the south, New Marlborough to the west, and Monterey to the northwest. Sandisfield lies 28 miles (45 km) south-southeast of Pittsfield, 32 miles (51 km) west of Springfield, and 118 miles (190 km) west-southwest of Boston.

Sandisfield lies in the southeastern part of the Berkshire Mountains, along the western banks of the Farmington River. The town is on a plateau, with the Buck and Clam rivers flowing through town towards the Farmington, as well as several small, marshy brooks and small ponds and lakes. The town is dotted by pieces of the Sandisfield State Forest, with the highest point in town, Abbey Hill (1,810 ft or 550 m) lying in the northwest section of the forest. A small portion of Otis State Forest also crosses the northern border of town.

The town lies along Massachusetts Route 8, which passes along the banks of the Farmington River on the eastern part of town. Route 57 crosses through the center of town from west to east, crossing the river into Tolland at the village of New Boston. Route 183 passes through the southwest corner of town, crossing into Connecticut to become Connecticut Highway 183. The nearest interstate, Interstate 90 (the Massachusetts Turnpike) passes north of the town through Otis, with the nearest access being in Lee and Westfield.

There is no rail service in town, with the nearest rail and bus service being in Great Barrington. The nearest local airport is in Great Barrington, and the nearest national air service can be found at Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut.

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 1,649 —    
1860 1,585 −3.9%
1870 1,482 −6.5%
1880 1,107 −25.3%
1890 807 −27.1%
1900 661 −18.1%
1910 566 −14.4%
1920 460 −18.7%
1930 412 −10.4%
1940 421 +2.2%
1950 437 +3.8%
1960 536 +22.7%
1970 547 +2.1%
1980 720 +31.6%
1990 667 −7.4%
2000 824 +23.5%
2010 915 +11.0%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.

As of the census of 2010, there were 915 people, 327 households, and 212 families residing in the town. By population, Sandisfield ranks 23rd out of the 32 cities and towns in Berkshire, and 330th out of the 351 cities and towns in Massachusetts. The population density was 15.7 people per square mile (6.1/km²), which rank third to last in the county, and eighth to last in the Commonwealth. There were 647 housing units at an average density of 12.4 per square mile (4.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.84% White, 0.49% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 2.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.97% of the population.

There were 327 households out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town, the population was spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 31.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 115.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $45,972, and the median income for a family was $57,083. Males had a median income of $36,875 versus $24,271 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,628. About 1.3% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.

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