Pittsburg, California facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
City of Pittsburg
(formerly) Black Diamond, New York Landing and
New York of the Pacific
"P-World" "The Burg"
Gateway to the Delta!
Location in Contra Costa County and the state of California
|Incorporated||June 25, 1903|
|• Type||General Law City|
|• Total||19.71 sq mi (51.05 km2)|
|• Land||17.64 sq mi (45.69 km2)|
|• Water||2.07 sq mi (5.36 km2) 10.11%|
|Elevation||26 ft (8 m)|
|• Density||4,332/sq mi (1,672.5/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1659783, 2411430|
Pittsburg is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. It is an industrial suburb located on the southern shore of the Suisun Bay in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, and is part of the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta area. The population was 76,416 at the 2020 United States Census.
In 1849, Colonel Jonathan D. Stevenson (from New York) bought the Rancho Los Medanos land grant, and laid out a town he called New York of the Pacific. By 1850, this venture failed. With the discovery of coal in the nearby town of Nortonville, California, the place became a port for coaling, and adopted the name Black Diamond, after the mining firm that built the Black Diamond Coal Mining Railroad from there to Nortonville. Because of the industrial potential of the site, a name change to Pittsburg was proposed in 1909.
Pittsburg, originally settled in 1839, was called first "New York Landing", then "Black Diamond", before citizens voted on "Pittsburg" on February 11, 1911. The name was selected to honor Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, as the two cities' shared a common steel and mining industrial heritage. However, from 1891 to July 1911, Pittsburgh, PA was officially known as "Pittsburg", following a country-wide standardization of geographical names by the United States Board on Geographic Names. Hence, in February 1911, when Pittsburg, CA adopted it name, the 'h' was absent from its namesake city. Five months later, after an appeals process lasting almost two decades, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania won a rare reversal and the 'h' was restored to the city's official name, which persists to this day, resulting in the spelling difference.
The original town site fronts on the Sacramento/San Joaquin River Delta, reflecting its origins as a deep water channel river port. (As of January 1, 2007, state legislation [Assembly Bill 2324] enabled the city to manage its own riverfront for commercial development and subsequent port operations). Since the early 1900s, the city has grown inland to the south, then spread east and west along State Route 4, now a freeway carrying resident commuters to jobs in the San Francisco Bay-Oakland Region. In the process, the former town of Cornwall, California was absorbed. The city has enjoyed continued residential redevelopment growth near its northern boundary, as well as ongoing construction of major subdivisions in the southwest hills, including San Marco Villas. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 56,769.
The post office first opened in 1868 as Black Diamond, and changed its name with the town's in 1911.
- 1954 - Camp Stoneman was officially deactivated by the Army.
- 1984 - United States Steel closes its Steel mill in the city laying off over 400.
- 1987 - On the night of a city council meeting that approved the funds to restore the former Railroad Depot, the Pittsburg Railroad Depot burned down.
- 2011 - Pittsburg is recognized as one of the most diverse suburban cities in the San Francisco Bay Area, the state of California and the United States.
- 2012 - The original Brenden Theater Corporation theater closed after 22 years, only to reopen in August of that year as Maya Cinemas.
- 2016 - The city moves to install surveillance cameras along its portion of California State Route 4, in response to a series of 20 freeway shootings in the area that had taken the lives of six people, and injured 11, in the past year
The city of Pittsburg is located 37 miles northeast from San Francisco, 29 miles northeast from Oakland, California, 60 miles north of San Jose and 65 miles south of Sacramento, California. Pittsburg shares a border with the unincorporated community of Bay Point, California to the west, the city of Concord, California to the southwest and Antioch, California to the east. The Suisun Bay is directly north of the city and connects the San Francisco Bay to the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers.
|Climate data for Pittsburg, California|
|Average high °F (°C)||57.6
|Average low °F (°C)||37.9
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.72
The city has two BART stations, the Pittsburg/Bay Point Station located on Bailey Road and Highway 4 near Bay Point and the Pittsburg Center Station located on Railroad Avenue and Highway 4. Tri Delta Transit provides bus service in the area. California State Route 4 bisects the city from west to east.
- The city is currently in the process of redeveloping the older downtown. In November 2010 The Railroad Book Depot opened. The bookstore is owned and operated by the non-profit Pittsburg Arts & Community Foundation.
- A new Marina Master Plan is under development along Pittsburg's waterfront which includes a pedestrian promenade with subsequent commercial construction and development planned.
- An extension of the existing Bay Area Rapid Transit District (BART) rapid transit system, which includes a Pittsburg BART station at Railroad Avenue.
- A Civic Center Master Plan by the city will promote transit-oriented and mixed-use development to coincide with the construction of the new BART station adjacent to the current Civic Center.
- The Black Diamond Project will provide services to residents on the north side.
Sports and recreation
The Pittsburg Delta View Golf Course had a back nine originally built in 1947, and a front nine completed in 1991. It closed in March 2018 due to financial difficulty and legal costs stemming from a slip and fall lawsuit. The city had considered keeping the course open, but after debate in May 2018, it was decided to use the land for other economic opportunities.
The Pittsburg Diamonds, an independent professional baseball team, began play as a member of the Pacific Association of Professional Baseball Clubs in 2014. The team played its home games in City Park Field #1 until going on hiatus for 2019 and 2020. It remains to be seen if the team will resume play in 2021.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Pittsburg had a population of 63,264. The population density was 3,302.8 people per square mile (1,275.2/km2). The racial makeup of Pittsburg was 23,106 (36.5%) White, 11,187 (17.7%) African American, 517 (0.8%) Native American, 9,891 (15.6%) Asian (9.9% Filipino, 2.0% Indian, 1.2% Chinese, 1.1% Vietnamese, 0.2% Korean, 0.2% Japanese, 1.1% Other), 645 (1.0%) Pacific Islander, 13,270 (21.0%) from other races, and 4,648 (7.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26,841 persons (42.4%).
The Census reported that 62,973 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 153 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 138 (0.2%) were institutionalized.
There were 19,527 households, out of which 8,837 (45.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 9,833 (50.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,583 (18.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,420 (7.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,432 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 194 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,446 households (17.6%) were made up of individuals, and 1,067 (5.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.22. There were 14,836 families (76.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.64.
The population was spread out, with 17,385 people (27.5%) under the age of 18, 6,823 people (10.8%) aged 18 to 24, 18,319 people (29.0%) aged 25 to 44, 15,298 people (24.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,439 people (8.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
There were 21,126 housing units at an average density of 1,102.9 per square mile (425.8/km2), of which 19,527 were occupied, of which 11,490 (58.8%) were owner-occupied, and 8,037 (41.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.8%. 37,078 people (58.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 25,895 people (40.9%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 56,769 people, 17,741 households, and 13,483 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,639.0/mi2 (1,405.0/km2). There were 18,300 housing units at an average density of 1,173.1/mi2 (452.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 36.53% White, 25.89% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 12.65% Asian, 0.86% Pacific Islander, 16.11% from other races, and 7.22% from two or more races. 32.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 17,741 households, out of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.59.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 30.8% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $50,557, and the median income for a family was $54,472. Males had a median income of $39,111 versus $31,396 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,241. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
- Shimonoseki, Japan
- Isola delle Femmine, Italy
- Pohang, South Korea
- Yahualica, Mexico
- Wenzhou, China (Friendship City)
- Shenyang, China (Friendship City)
The city has an extensive history of coal mining and industrial development since the late 1800s, with USS-POSCO Industries (a joint venture between US Steel and POSCO of South Korea) and Corteva (formerly, the Dow Chemical Company) maintaining substantial plants in Pittsburg.
According to the City's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Pittsburg Unified School District||1,221|
|2||Los Medanos College||584|
|4||Dow Chemical Company||350|
|6||City of Pittsburg||340|
Bombardier Rail Car Facility
On June 15, 2019, the East Bay Times reported that the Canadian company, Bombardier, Inc. is moving into a former warehouse in Pittsburg, where it will produce train cars destined for its Pacific Coast customers. Bombardier will lease 122,750 square feet (11,404 m2) of the building, while Hitachi Corp., the owner, will retain about 67,000 square feet (6,200 m2). Early in 2019, the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) System announced that it will replace its existing fleet of 669 cars with 775 cars of a new design, and has recently been negotiating to buy an additional 425 cars.
Bombardier plans to inaugurate the Pittsburg facility in September, 2019, with an initial workforce of 50, working on cars for the new BART contract, and growing to about 150 within five years.
Bombardier is one of the most active suppliers of train cars, and officials believe that the Pittsburg will substantially improve its competitive position. In the U.S., much of the funding for this equipment is supplied by the Federal Government, which requires that a large part of the work be performed in the U.S. Bombardier's only U.S. production facility is in Plattsburgh, N. Y.
The company also has a number of other important West Coast contracts, including:
- Maintain the Air Train System at San Francisco International Airport (SFO);
- supply the rail fleet for the Los Angeles Metrolink System;
- supply Coast and Sprinter train cars for San Diego's North County Transit District;
- initial design for automated people mover system at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX).
Pittsburg is home to Los Medanos College, a two-year community college that is part of the Contra Costa Community College District. The college's name is derived from that of Rancho Los Medanos, one of the land grants made by the Mexican Government during its sovereignty over California from 1821 to 1846; Los Medanos, loosely translated from Spanish, means The Sand Dunes. Construction on Los Medanos College was completed in 1974.
Pittsburg is served by three School Districts: Pittsburg Unified School District, Mt. Diablo Unified School District, and Antioch Unified School District.
Pittsburg has two public high schools, one a continuation school:
- Pittsburg High School
- Black Diamond High School
The public Junior high schools in Pittsburg are:
- Martin Luther King, Jr. Junior High School
- Hillview Junior High School
- Rancho Medanos Middle School
Central Jr. High School was another middle school in the Pittsburg area. But it closed down in 2008 due to a gas leak in the building. Currently, it remains vacant with no intention of reopening it.
The public elementary schools in Pittsburg are:
- Delta View Elementary School (Mt. Diablo Unified School District)
- Foothill Elementary School
- Heights Elementary School (torn down & renovated in 2014)
- Highlands Elementary School
- Los Medanos Elementary School
- Marina Vista Elementary School
- Parkside Elementary School (torn down & renovated in 2020)
- Stoneman Elementary School
- Willow Cove Elementary School
- Synergy Charter School (closed as of January 2016 due to financial struggles)
Private schools in Pittsburg include:
- The Christian Center
- School of Saint Peter Martyr
- Spectrum Center.
Pittsburg hosts one of the many Contra Costa County Libraries.
- Evan Pilgrim, Critical Care and Amnesia Consultant and former Offensive Guard in the National Football League
- Dante R. Basco, actor, voice actor, and dancer. He is best known for his role as Rufio in the live-action film Hook, voicing Zuko in the Nickelodeon series Avatar: The Last Airbender, and Jake Long from the Disney series American Dragon: Jake Long
- Rosie Gaines, American music artist
- Donald George, opera singer
- John Henry Johnson, pro football player graduated from Pittsburg High School. He was a member of the San Francisco 49ers "Million Dollar Backfield" and was inducted into the Football Hall of Fame in 1987.
- Don Landrum, professional baseball player.
- The Jacka (Dominic Newton, 1977–2015), rapper
- Darrell Daniels, American football player
- Mario Verduzco, American football coach. He is currently the Quarterbacks Coach for the Nebraska Cornhuskers.
Images for kids
In Spanish: Pittsburg (California) para niños
Pittsburg, California Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.