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Spanish Fork, Utah
Spanish Fork city offices
Spanish Fork city offices
Nickname(s): 
None
Motto(s): 
"Pride and Progress"
Location in Utah County and the state of Utah
Location in Utah County and the state of Utah
Country United States
State Utah
County Utah
Settled 1851
Incorporated January 17, 1855
Named for Spanish Fork (river)
Area
 • Total 16.21 sq mi (41.98 km2)
 • Land 16.21 sq mi (41.98 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
4,577 ft (1,395 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 34,691
 • Estimate 
(2019)
40,913
 • Density 2,523.94/sq mi (974.48/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code
84660
Area code(s) 385, 801
FIPS code 49-71290
Website www.spanishfork.org

Spanish Fork is a city in Utah County, Utah, United States. It is part of the ProvoOrem Metropolitan Statistical Area. The 2020 census reported a population of 42,602. Spanish Fork, Utah is the 20th largest city in Utah based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

Spanish Fork lies in the Utah Valley, with the Wasatch Range to the east and Utah Lake to the northwest. I-15 passes the northwest side of the city. Payson is approximately six miles to the southwest, Springville lies about four miles to the northeast, and Salem is approximately 4.5 miles to the south.

History

Spanish Fork was settled by Mormon pioneers in 1851. Its name derives from a visit to the area by two Franciscan friars from Spain, Silvestre Vélez de Escalante and Francisco Atanasio Domínguez in 1776, who followed the stream down Spanish Fork canyon with the objective of opening a new trail from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to the Spanish missions in California, along a route later followed by fur trappers. They described the area inhabited by Native Americans as having "spreading meadows, where there is sufficient irrigable land for two good settlements. Over and above these finest of advantages, it has plenty of firewood and timber in the adjacent sierra which surrounds its many sheltered spots, waters, and pasturages, for raising cattle and sheep and horses."

In 1851 some settlers led by William Pace set up scattered farms in the Spanish Fork bottom lands and called the area the Upper Settlement. However, a larger group congregated at what became known as the Lower Settlement just over a mile northwest of the present center of Spanish Fork along the Spanish Fork River. In December 1851 Stephen Markham became the branch president of the LDS settlers at this location.

In 1852 Latter-day Saints founded a settlement called Palmyra west of the historic center of Spanish Fork. George A. Smith supervised the laying out of a townsite, including a temple square in that year. A fort was built at this site. A school was built at Palmyra in 1852. With the onset of the Walker War in 1853, most of the farmers in the region who were not yet in the fort moved in. Some of the people did not like this site and so moved to a site at the mouth of Spanish Fork Canyon where they built a structure they called "Fort St. Luke". Also in 1854 there was a fort founded about 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the center of Spanish Fork that later was known as the "Old Fort".

Between 1855 and 1860, the arrival of pioneers from Iceland made Spanish Fork into the first permanent Icelandic settlement in the United States. The city also lent its name to the 1865 Treaty of Spanish Fork, where the Utes were forced by an Executive Order of President Abraham Lincoln to relocate to the Uintah Basin.

Events

Festival of Colors at the Krishna Temple near Spanish Fork, Utah 2012
Festival of Colors at the Sri Sri Radha Krishna Temple in Spanish Fork
Spanish Fork, Utah
Spanish Fork, 2010

Spanish Fork City hosts five large-scale events each year: Fiesta Days, Icelandic Days, the Harvest Moon Hurrah, the Festival of Lights, and the Festival of Colors.

Icelandic Days

The Icelandic Association of Utah was founded in 1897 and hosts Iceland Days every year. The association picked June because Icelandic Independence Day, or National Day, is June 17.

Spanish Fork was the first Icelandic settlement in the United States, after Icelanders who joined the LDS Church were expelled from that country, according to association spokesman Glenn Grossman. Although other nationalities helped found the town, under colonizer Brigham Young, Icelanders kept their identity and celebrate it with their culture every year during the three-day event.

Harvest Moon Hurrah

The Harvest Moon Hurrah is sponsored by the Spanish Fork Arts Council and takes place on a Saturday in September closest to the date of the full moon. Activities include children's crafts and activities, a giant paint-it-yourself mural, storyteller, old-fashioned family photos, caricature artist, clown and balloon animals, hay rides with live bluegrass band, and live entertainment. The 2009 Hurrah was headlined by Peter Breinholt, a popular local musician.

Festival of Lights

The Festival of Lights is a Christmas celebration that runs from Thanksgiving to New Years. It runs nightly from 6:00 p.m. - 10:00 p.m. Current prices in 2016: $7 per car; $20 per large passenger van or any vehicle towing a trailer ($20 per trailer); $30 per bus. They accept cash or card. It is at the Canyon View Park, 3300 E. Powerhouse Rd. It is just off of highway 6 to the south at the mouth of Spanish Fork Canyon. It is a drive-through light show. Christmas music is also broadcast on 99.9 FM during the festival.

Fiesta Days

Each year Spanish Fork hosts the "Fiesta Days" . The event is held every July, and is centered around the Pioneer Day Celebration. There are a number of entertainment events, including a rodeo, craft fair, duck race, and a fireworks show on the 24th.

Festival of Colors

The Sri Sri Radha Krishna Temple erected by a sizable South Asian community celebrates Holi and is known as The Festival of Colors where thousands of people gather from all over the country.

Demographics and economy

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 773
1870 1,450 87.6%
1880 2,304 58.9%
1890 2,686 16.6%
1900 3,327 23.9%
1910 3,751 12.7%
1920 4,035 7.6%
1930 3,727 −7.6%
1940 4,167 11.8%
1950 5,230 25.5%
1960 6,472 23.7%
1970 7,284 12.5%
1980 9,825 34.9%
1990 11,272 14.7%
2000 20,246 79.6%
2010 34,691 71.3%
2020 42,602 22.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census, there were 34,691 people, 9,069 households, and 7,885 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,252.7 people per square mile (871.6/km2). There were 9,440 housing units, at an average density of 613.0 per square mile (237.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.9% White, 0.4% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 4.4% some other race, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.6% of the population. As for ages, the population was quite young with 40.9% being under the age of 18, 53.6% aged 18–64 and 5.5% over the age of 65.

At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city was $62,805, and the median income for a family was $64,909. The per capita income for the city was $17,162. About 4.3% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line.

Spanish Fork has a predominantly LDS population. There are seventy-four LDS wards in nine stakes in the southern Utah Valley and a temple, the Payson Utah Temple, which opened in June 2015. The majority of residents are Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints just like all of Utah County.

There are other churches in town: the Presbyterian Church established a church and mission day school in 1882. The school functioned until the state school system was inaugurated in the early part of the twentieth century. Today there are nine public elementary schools, two intermediate, and two high schools of the Nebo School District.

A Lutheran church, established by immigrants from Iceland, was built on the east bench of Spanish Fork. There is also the Faith Baptist Church, a Baptist congregation.

A Roman Catholic church serves the Catholics of southern Utah Valley; many happen to be of Italian descent (see Utah Italians), Hispanics, Filipino Americans, and some Greek Catholics from the Balkans.

ISKCON, the international society of Krishna Consciousness, have built a temple in Spanish Fork, run by Caru Das, the temple priest. Indian Americans form a small but noticeable community in the Spanish Fork-Provo area (especially in the neighboring town of Springville).

In Utah Valley's historical settlement by immigrants, Scandinavians (most notably Icelanders); as well as Swiss people; Spanish Americans, Hispanics or Latinos; English Americans, Irish Americans and Scottish Americans are prevalent ethnocultural groups in Spanish Fork, and the nearby towns of Salem and Payson.

Alternative energy

Wind energy

In September 2008, the Spanish Fork Wind Project was completed. This project, a 9-turbine wind energy project, can produce up to 2.1 megawatts at full production, and each of the nine turbines can power up to 1,200 homes. It is the utility scale wind farm producing electricity from wind power.

Notable people

  • Stephen M. Studdert, Advisor to U.S. Presidents George Bush, Ronald Reagan, and Gerald Ford
  • Gail Halvorsen, U.S. Air Force candy bomber
  • D. Elden Beck, educator
  • Kate B. Carter, Utah pioneer historian
  • Zebedee Coltrin, Utah pioneer
  • Lucky Blue Smith, male model
  • Kaycee Feild, bareback bronc rider
  • Isaac Asiata, football player
  • Scott Brumfield, football player
  • Hefa Leone Tuita, dancer
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