Sydney, Nova Scotia facts for kids

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Sydney
Mi'kmaq: Cibou
Gaelic: Baile Shidni
Community
Sydney waterfront
Sydney waterfront
Nickname(s): The Steel City
Country Canada
Province Nova Scotia
County Cape Breton
Municipality Cape Breton Regional Municipality
Founded 1785
Incorporated City 1904
Dissolved 1 August 1995
Named for Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney
Area
 • Total 29.43 km2 (11.36 sq mi)
Highest elevation 66 m (217 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 29,904
 • Density 1,016.11/km2 (2,631.7/sq mi)
 • Metro density 718.50/km2 (1,860.9/sq mi)
  "Metro" population based on a 43 km2 or 17 sq mi sample that is larger than the old boundaries for the former City of Sydney, pre-1995.
Time zone AST (UTC−04:00)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC−03:00)
Canadian Postal code B1L – S
Area code(s) 902 & 782
Telephone Exchange 202, 217, 270, 284, 304, 317, 322, 371, 408, 509, 537, 539, 549 560–5, 567, 574, 577, 578, 595, 979

Sydney is a former city and current community located in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. Situated on Cape Breton Island's east coast, it belongs administratively to the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. Sydney was founded in 1785 by the British, was incorporated as a city in 1904, and dissolved on 1 August 1995, when it was amalgamated into the regional municipality.

Sydney served as the Cape Breton Island colony's capital, until 1820, when the colony merged with Nova Scotia and the capital moved to Halifax.

A rapid population expansion occurred just after the turn of the 20th century, when Sydney was home to one of North America's main steel mills. During both the First and Second World Wars, it was a major staging area for England-bound convoys. The post-war period witnessed a major decline in the number of people employed at the Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation (DOSCO) steel mill, and the Nova Scotia and Canadian governments had to nationalize it in 1967 to save the region's biggest employer, forming the new crown corporation called the Sydney Steel Corporation (SYSCO). The city's population has steadily decreased since the early 1970s due to the plant's fortunes, and SYSCO was finally closed in 2001. Today, the main industries are in customer support call centres and tourism. Together with Sydney Mines, North Sydney, New Waterford, and Glace Bay, Sydney forms the Industrial Cape Breton region.

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