Walker County, Georgia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Walker County, Georgia
Map

Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 18, 1833
Seat LaFayette
Largest City LaFayette
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

447 sq mi (1,158 km²)
446 sq mi (1,155 km²)
0.6 sq mi (2 km²), 0.1%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

68,756
154/sq mi (59/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://www.walkerga.us/

Walker County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 68,756. The county seat is LaFayette. The county was created on December 18, 1833, from land formerly belonging to the Cherokee Indian Nation.

Walker County is part of the Chattanooga, TN–GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Walker County is one of only nine counties in the United States still employing the sole commissioner form of government.

History

Walker County was named after Georgia'a U.S. Senator, Freeman Walker (1780-1827).

Civil War battles fought in Walker County were part of the Chickamauga Campaign fought between August 21 and September 20, 1863:

  • Second Battle of Chattanooga, August 21.
  • Battle of Davis's Cross Roads, September 10–11.
  • Battle of Chickamauga, September 19–20.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 447 square miles (1,160 km2), of which 446 square miles (1,160 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.1%) is water. The northern two-thirds of Walker County is located in the Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga sub-basin of the Middle Tennessee-Hiwassee basin. Most of the southeastern portion of the county is located in the Oostanaula River sub-basin in the ACT River Basin (Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin), with a very small southeastern sliver located in the Conasauga River sub-basin in the larger ACT River Basin. The rest of the southern portion of Walker County is located in the Upper Coosa River sub-basin in the ACT River Basin.

Adjacent counties

Natural attractions and features

  • Chattahoochee National Forest (part)
  • Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park (part)
  • Ellison's Cave (12th deepest cave in the United States)
  • Lookout Mountain (part)
  • McLemore Cove
  • Petty John's Cave
  • Pigeon Mountain
  • Rocktown
  • Rock City

Transportation

Major highways

  • US 27.svg U.S. Route 27
  • Business plate.svg
    US 27.svg U.S. Route 27 Business
  • Georgia 1.svg State Route 1
  • Georgia 1 Business.svg State Route 1 Business
  • Georgia 2.svg State Route 2
  • Georgia 95.svg State Route 95
  • Georgia 136.svg State Route 136
  • Georgia 151.svg State Route 151
  • Georgia 157.svg State Route 157
  • Georgia 189.svg State Route 189
  • Georgia 193.svg State Route 193
  • Georgia 201.svg State Route 201
  • Georgia 337.svg State Route 337
  • Georgia 341.svg State Route 341

Railroads

Current

  • Chattooga and Chickamauga Railway
  • Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum (occasional tourist excursions)

Defunct

  • Chattanooga Southern Railway (became Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia Railway)
  • Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia Railway (purchased by Norfolk Southern then abandoned)
  • Chickamauga and Durham Railroad (reorganized as Chattanooga & Durham)
  • Chattanooga and Durham Railroad (purchased by Chattanooga, Rome and Southern)
  • Chattanooga, Rome and Southern Railroad (purchased by Central of GA Railway)
  • Central of Georgia Railway (purchased by Southern Railway)
  • Southern Railway (purchased by Norfolk Southern, Walker County line transferred to State of Georgia, leased to Chattooga and Chickamauga Railway)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,572
1850 13,109 99.5%
1860 10,082 −23.1%
1870 9,925 −1.6%
1880 11,056 11.4%
1890 13,282 20.1%
1900 15,661 17.9%
1910 18,692 19.4%
1920 23,370 25.0%
1930 26,206 12.1%
1940 31,024 18.4%
1950 38,198 23.1%
1960 45,264 18.5%
1970 50,691 12.0%
1980 56,470 11.4%
1990 58,340 3.3%
2000 61,053 4.7%
2010 68,756 12.6%
Est. 2015 68,066 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 61,053 people, 23,605 households, and 17,467 families residing in the county. The population density was 137 people per square mile (53/km²). There were 25,577 housing units at an average density of 57 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.43% White, 3.78% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,605 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.00% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,406, and the median income for a family was $39,034. Males had a median income of $29,448 versus $21,583 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,867. About 10.00% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 68,756 people, 26,497 households, and 18,898 families residing in the county. The population density was 154.0 inhabitants per square mile (59.5/km2). There were 30,100 housing units at an average density of 67.4 per square mile (26.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.0% white, 4.1% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.9% were American, 15.3% were Irish, 11.2% were English, and 9.3% were German.

Of the 26,497 households, 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.7% were non-families, and 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 39.7 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,723 and the median income for a family was $46,307. Males had a median income of $38,297 versus $29,285 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,440. About 11.6% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


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