Centre County, Pennsylvania facts for kids
|Centre County, Pennsylvania|
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 13, 1800|
|Largest borough||State College|
1,113 sq mi (2,883 km²)
1,110 sq mi (2,875 km²)
3.0 sq mi (8 km²), 0.3%
145/sq mi (56/km²)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
|Designated:||May 10, 1982|
Centre County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 153,990. Its county seat is Bellefonte. Centre County comprises the State College, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The lands of the future Centre County were first recorded by James Potter in 1764. Having reached the top of Nittany Mountain, and "....seeing the prairies and noble forest beneath him, cried out to his attendant, 'By heavens, Thompson, I have discovered an empire!'" Centre County was created on February 13, 1800, from parts of Huntingdon, Lycoming, Mifflin, and Northumberland counties and named for its central location in the state.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,113 square miles (2,880 km2), of which 1,110 square miles (2,900 km2) is land and 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.3%) is water. It is the fifth-largest county in Pennsylvania by area.
- Bald Eagle Valley
- Bald Eagle Mountain
- Nittany Valley
- Mount Nittany
- Penns Valley
- Tussey Mountain
- Clinton County (north)
- Union County (east)
- Mifflin County (southeast)
- Huntingdon County (south)
- Blair County (south)
- Clearfield County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 153,990 people, 57,573 households, and 31,256 families residing in the county. The population density was 139 people per square mile (54/km²). There were 63,297 housing units at an average density of 57 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.4% White, 3.0% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 5.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 2.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 57,573 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.7% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the county, the population was spread out with 15.9% under the age of 18, 28.9% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 107.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.1 males.
Metropolitan Statistical Area
- See also: List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas and List of Combined Statistical Areas
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Centre County as the State College, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census the metropolitan area ranked 13th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 259th most populous in the United States with a population of 155,403. Centre County is also a part of the larger State College-DuBois, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the populations of Centre County as well as Clearfield County to the west. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 9th in the State of Pennsylvania and 123rd most populous in the United States with a population of 236,577.
- Interstate 80 runs east–west through the center of the county.
- Interstate 99 runs east-southwest breaking off with I-80 near Bellefonte and runs past and through State College.
- US Route 322 runs south–north through Potter's Mills to Philipsburg.
- US Route 220 runs concurrently with I-80 in the eastern half of the county then splits with I-99 and runs concurrently with it in the western half of the county.
- There are four significant state routes; PA 45, PA 192, PA 64, and PA 150 run parallel to I-80 while PA 144 runs perpendicular to it, north–south, from Potter's Mills to Snow Shoe.
- The area is served by the University Park Airport.
There are six Pennsylvania state parks in Centre County.
- Bald Eagle State Park is the largest state park in Centre County with 5,900-acres (2,388 ha). It is located on Pennsylvania Route 150 between Milesburg and Lock Haven.
- Black Moshannon State Park west of State College has a bog with three species of carnivorous plants and 17 orchid varieties.
- McCalls Dam State Park is a small park on a dirt road in the extreme eastern tip of the county.
- Penn-Roosevelt State Park is the site of a former segregated CCC camp for African American men.
- Poe Paddy State Park is located at the confluence of Big Poe Creek and Penns Creek.
- Poe Valley State Park is in an isolated valley surrounding 25 acre Poe Lake.
Under Pennsylvania law, there are five types of incorporated municipalities: cities, home rule municipalities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following municipalities, boroughs and townships are located in Centre County:
Home rule municipalities
- Ferguson Township
- State College
- Snow Shoe
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
- Mount Eagle
- North Philipsburg
- Park Forest Village
- Pine Glen
- Pine Grove Mills
- Pleasant Gap
- Sandy Ridge
- South Philipsburg
- Spring Mills
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Centre County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|2||Park Forest Village||CDP||9,660|
|12||Pine Grove Mills||CDP||1,502|
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Centre County, Pennsylvania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.