Centre County, Pennsylvania facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Centre County, Pennsylvania
Seal of Centre County, Pennsylvania
Map
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Centre County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the USA highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 13, 1800
Seat Bellefonte
Largest borough State College
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,113 sq mi (2,883 km²)
1,110 sq mi (2,875 km²)
3.0 sq mi (8 km²), 0.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

160,580
145/sq mi (56/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://www.centrecountypa.gov/
Pennsylvania Historical Marker
Designated: May 10, 1982

Centre County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 153,990. Its county seat is Bellefonte. Centre County comprises the State College, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The lands of the future Centre County were first recorded by James Potter in 1764. Having reached the top of Nittany Mountain, and "....seeing the prairies and noble forest beneath him, cried out to his attendant, 'By heavens, Thompson, I have discovered an empire!'" Centre County was created on February 13, 1800, from parts of Huntingdon, Lycoming, Mifflin, and Northumberland counties and named for its central location in the state.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,113 square miles (2,880 km2), of which 1,110 square miles (2,900 km2) is land and 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.3%) is water. It is the fifth-largest county in Pennsylvania by area.

Features

  • Bald Eagle Valley
  • Bald Eagle Mountain
  • Nittany Valley
  • Mount Nittany
  • Penns Valley
  • Tussey Mountain

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 10,681
1820 13,796 29.2%
1830 18,879 36.8%
1840 20,492 8.5%
1850 23,355 14.0%
1860 27,000 15.6%
1870 34,418 27.5%
1880 37,922 10.2%
1890 43,269 14.1%
1900 42,894 −0.9%
1910 43,424 1.2%
1920 44,304 2.0%
1930 46,294 4.5%
1940 52,608 13.6%
1950 65,922 25.3%
1960 78,580 19.2%
1970 99,267 26.3%
1980 112,760 13.6%
1990 123,786 9.8%
2000 135,760 9.7%
2010 153,990 13.4%
Est. 2015 160,580 4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2010, there were 153,990 people, 57,573 households, and 31,256 families residing in the county. The population density was 139 people per square mile (54/km²). There were 63,297 housing units at an average density of 57 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.4% White, 3.0% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 5.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 2.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 57,573 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.7% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 15.9% under the age of 18, 28.9% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 107.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.1 males.

Metropolitan Statistical Area

SCDuBoisCSA
Map of the State College-DuBois, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), composed of the following parts:      State College, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area      DuBois, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area
See also: List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas and List of Combined Statistical Areas

The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Centre County as the State College, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census the metropolitan area ranked 13th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 259th most populous in the United States with a population of 155,403. Centre County is also a part of the larger State College-DuBois, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the populations of Centre County as well as Clearfield County to the west. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 9th in the State of Pennsylvania and 123rd most populous in the United States with a population of 236,577.

Transportation

  • Interstate 80 runs east–west through the center of the county.
  • Interstate 99 runs east-southwest breaking off with I-80 near Bellefonte and runs past and through State College.
  • US Route 322 runs south–north through Potter's Mills to Philipsburg.
  • US Route 220 runs concurrently with I-80 in the eastern half of the county then splits with I-99 and runs concurrently with it in the western half of the county.
  • There are four significant state routes; PA-45.svg PA 45, PA-192.svg PA 192, PA-64.svg PA 64, and PA-150.svg PA 150 run parallel to I-80 while PA-144.svg PA 144 runs perpendicular to it, north–south, from Potter's Mills to Snow Shoe.
  • The area is served by the University Park Airport.

Recreation

Bald Eagle State Park Apple Tree
An apple tree and meadow at Bald Eagle State Park
Black Moshannon State Park (Revisited)
Black Moshannon State Park

There are six Pennsylvania state parks in Centre County.

  • Bald Eagle State Park is the largest state park in Centre County with 5,900-acres (2,388 ha). It is located on Pennsylvania Route 150 between Milesburg and Lock Haven.
  • Black Moshannon State Park west of State College has a bog with three species of carnivorous plants and 17 orchid varieties.
  • McCalls Dam State Park is a small park on a dirt road in the extreme eastern tip of the county.
  • Penn-Roosevelt State Park is the site of a former segregated CCC camp for African American men.
  • Poe Paddy State Park is located at the confluence of Big Poe Creek and Penns Creek.
  • Poe Valley State Park is in an isolated valley surrounding 25 acre Poe Lake.

Communities

Map of Centre County Pennsylvania With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Centre County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are five types of incorporated municipalities: cities, home rule municipalities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following municipalities, boroughs and townships are located in Centre County:

Home rule municipalities

  • Ferguson Township
  • State College

Boroughs

Townships

  • Benner
  • Boggs
  • Burnside
  • College
  • Curtin
  • Gregg
  • Haines
  • Halfmoon
  • Harris
  • Howard
  • Huston
  • Liberty
  • Marion
  • Miles
  • Patton
  • Penn
  • Potter
  • Rush
  • Snow Shoe
  • Spring
  • Taylor
  • Union
  • Walker
  • Worth

Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Centre County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 State College Borough 42,034
2 Park Forest Village CDP 9,660
3 Bellefonte Borough 6,187
4 Boalsburg CDP 3,722
5 Pleasant Gap CDP 2,879
6 Philipsburg Borough 2,770
7 Stormstown CDP 2,366
8 Lemont CDP 2,270
9 Toftrees CDP 2,053
10 Zion CDP 2,030
11 Houserville CDP 1,814
12 Pine Grove Mills CDP 1,502
13 Centre Hall Borough 1,265
14 Milesburg Borough 1,123
15 Millheim Borough 904
16 Ramblewood CDP 849
17 Snow Shoe Borough 765
18 Blanchard CDP 740
19 Howard Borough 720
20 North Philipsburg CDP 660
21 Nittany CDP 658
22 Clarence CDP 626
23 Aaronsburg CDP 613
24 Port Matilda Borough 606
25 Mingoville CDP 503
26 Rebersburg CDP 494
27 Snydertown CDP 483
28 South Philipsburg CDP 410
29 Sandy Ridge CDP 407
30 Eagleville CDP 324
31 Unionville Borough 291
32 Moshannon CDP 281
33 Spring Mills CDP 268
34 Coburn CDP 236
35 Baileyville CDP 201
36 Pine Glen CDP 190
37 Madisonburg CDP 168
38 Julian CDP 152
39 Monument CDP 150
40 Woodward CDP 110
41 Hublersburg CDP 104
42 Mount Eagle CDP 103
T-43 Jacksonville CDP 95
T-43 Orviston CDP 95

Images for kids


Centre County, Pennsylvania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.