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Committees of the United States Senate facts for kids

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Senate budget committee
Senate Committee on Budget (1997–2001)

Much of the work of the United States Senate is done in committees, or groups of about 15 Senators. Each committee deals with a certain subject, such as farming or roads. In general, most laws start in a committee before they are voted on by the Senate. Also, when the Senate wants to ask the President or another important person questions, they usually do it in a committee.

Standing committees

As of 2017, there are 88 subsidiary bodies of the US Senate: 16 standing committees with 67 subcommittees, and five non-standing committees.

Committee Chair Ranking Member Refs
Subcommittee
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Pat Roberts (R-KS) Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)
Commodities, Risk Management and Trade John Boozman (R-AR) Sherrod Brown (D-OH)
Conservation, Forestry and Natural Resources Mike Braun (R-IN) Michael Bennet (D-CO)
Livestock, Marketing and Agriculture Security Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS) Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)
Nutrition, Agricultural Research and Specialty Crops Deb Fischer (R-NE) Bob Casey (D-PA)
Rural Development and Energy Joni Ernst (R-IA) Tina Smith (D-MN)
Appropriations Richard Shelby (R-AL) Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies John Hoeven (R-ND) Jeff Merkley (D-OR)
Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies Jerry Moran (R-KS) Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH)
Defense Richard Shelby (R-AL) Dick Durbin (D-IL)
Energy and Water Development Lamar Alexander (R-TN) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
Financial Services and General Government John Kennedy (R-LA) Chris Coons (D-DE)
Homeland Security Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV) Jon Tester (D-MT)
Interior, Environment and Related Agencies Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) Tom Udall (D-NM)
Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies Roy Blunt (R-MO) Patty Murray (D-WA)
Legislative Branch Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS) Chris Murphy (D-CT)
Military Construction, Veterans Affairs and Related Agencies John Boozman (R-AR) Brian Schatz (D-HI)
State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Lindsey Graham (R-SC) Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
Transportation, Housing and Urban Development and Related Agencies Susan Collins (R-ME) Jack Reed (D-RI)
Armed Services Jim Inhofe (R-OK) Jack Reed (D-RI)
Airland Tom Cotton (R-AR) Angus King (I-ME)
Cybersecurity Mike Rounds (R-SD) Joe Manchin (D-WV)
Emerging Threats and Capabilities Joni Ernst (R-IA) Gary Peters (D-MI)
Personnel Thom Tillis (R-NC) Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)
Readiness and Management Support Dan Sullivan (R-AK) Tim Kaine (D-VA)
Seapower David Perdue (R-GA) Mazie Hirono (D-HI)
Strategic Forces Deb Fischer (R-NE) Martin Heinrich (D-NM)
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Mike Crapo (R-ID) Sherrod Brown (D-OH)
Economic Policy Tom Cotton (R-AR) Catherine Cortez Masto (D-NV)
Financial Institutions and Consumer Protection Tim Scott (R-SC) Elizabeth Warren (D-MA)
Housing, Transportation and Community Development David Perdue (R-GA) Bob Menendez (D-NJ)
National Security and International Trade and Finance Ben Sasse (R-NE) Mark Warner (D-VA)
Securities, Insurance and Investment Pat Toomey (R-PA) Chris Van Hollen (D-MD)
Budget Mike Enzi (R-WY) Bernie Sanders (I-VT)
Commerce, Science and Transportation Roger Wicker (R-MS) Maria Cantwell (D-WA)
Aviation and Space Ted Cruz (R-TX) Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ)
Communications, Technology, Innovation and the Internet John Thune (R-SD) Brian Schatz (D-HI)
Manufacturing, Trade and Consumer Protection Jerry Moran (R-KS) Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)
Science, Oceans, Fisheries and Weather Cory Gardner (R-CO) Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)
Security Dan Sullivan (R-AK) Ed Markey (D-MA)
Transportation and Safety Deb Fischer (R-NE) Tammy Duckworth (D-IL)
Energy and Natural Resources Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) Joe Manchin (D-WV)
Energy Bill Cassidy (R-LA) Martin Heinrich (D-NM)
National Parks Steve Daines (R-MT) Angus King (I-ME)
Public Lands, Forests and Mining Mike Lee (R-UT) Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Water and Power Martha McSally (R-AZ) Catherine Cortez Masto (D-NV)
Environment and Public Works John Barrasso (R-WY) Tom Carper (D-DE)
Clean Air and Nuclear Safety Mike Braun (R-IN) Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI)
Fisheries, Water and Wildlife Kevin Cramer (R-ND) Tammy Duckworth (D-IL)
Superfund, Waste Management and Regulatory Oversight Mike Rounds (R-SD) Cory Booker (D-NJ)
Transportation and Infrastructure Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV) Ben Cardin (D-MD)
Finance Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Energy, Natural Resources and Infrastructure Tim Scott (R-SC) Michael Bennet (D-CO)
Fiscal Responsibility and Economic Growth Bill Cassidy (R-LA) Maggie Hassan (D-NH)
Health Care Pat Toomey (R-PA) Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)
International Trade, Customs and Global Competitiveness John Cornyn (R-TX) Bob Casey (D-PA)
Social Security, Pensions and Family Policy Rob Portman (R-OH) Sherrod Brown (D-OH)
Taxation and IRS Oversight John Thune (R-SD) Mark Warner (D-VA)
Foreign Relations Jim Risch (R-ID) Bob Menendez (D-NJ)
Africa and Global Health Policy Lindsey Graham (R-SC) Tim Kaine (D-VA)
East Asia, the Pacific and International Cybersecurity Policy Cory Gardner (R-CO) Ed Markey (D-MA)
Europe and Regional Security Cooperation Ron Johnson (R-WI) Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH)
Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions and International Economic, Energy and Environmental Policy Todd Young (R-IN) Jeff Merkley (D-OR)
Near East, South Asia, Central Asia and Counterterrorism Mitt Romney (R-UT) Chris Murphy (D-CT)
State Department and USAID Management, International Operations and Bilateral International Development VACANT (R) Cory Booker (D-NJ)
Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights and Global Women's Issues Marco Rubio (R-FL) Ben Cardin (D-MD)
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Lamar Alexander (R-TN) Patty Murray (D-WA)
Children and Families Rand Paul (R-KY) Bob Casey (D-PA)
Employment and Workplace Safety Tim Scott (R-SC) Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)
Primary Health and Retirement Security Mike Enzi (R-WY) Bernie Sanders (I-VT)
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Ron Johnson (R-WI) Gary Peters (D-MI)
Federal Spending Oversight and Emergency Management Rand Paul (R-KY) Maggie Hassan (D-NH)
Investigations (Permanent) Rob Portman (R-OH) Tom Carper (D-DE)
Regulatory Affairs and Federal Management James Lankford (R-OK) Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ)
Judiciary Lindsey Graham (R-SC) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights Mike Lee (R-UT) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Border Security and Immigration John Cornyn (R-TX) Dick Durbin (D-IL)
Constitution Ted Cruz (R-TX) Mazie Hirono (D-HI)
Crime and Terrorism Josh Hawley (R-MO) Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI)
Intellectual Property Thom Tillis (R-NC) Chris Coons (D-DE)
Oversight, Agency Action, Federal Rights and Federal Courts Ben Sasse (R-NE) Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)
Rules and Administration Roy Blunt (R-MO) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Small Business and Entrepreneurship Marco Rubio (R-FL) Ben Cardin (D-MD)
Veterans' Affairs Jerry Moran (R-KS) Jon Tester (D-MT)

Non-standing committees

There are five non-standing, select, or special committees. They are similar to standing committees.

Committee Chair Ranking Member Refs
Aging (Special) Susan Collins (R-ME) Bob Casey (D-PA)
Ethics (Select) James Lankford (R-OK) Chris Coons (D-DE)
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select) John Hoeven (R-ND) Tom Udall (D-NM)
Intelligence (Select) Richard Burr (R-NC) Mark Warner (D-VA)
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus) John Cornyn (R-TX) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
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