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Escambia County, Florida facts for kids

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Escambia County
Escambia County Courthouse
Escambia County Courthouse
Official seal of Escambia County
Map of Florida highlighting Escambia County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Florida
Founded July 21, 1821
Named for Escambia River
Seat Pensacola
Largest city Pensacola
 • Total 875 sq mi (2,270 km2)
 • Land 656 sq mi (1,700 km2)
 • Water 218 sq mi (560 km2)  25.0%%
 • Total 321,905
 • Density 485/sq mi (187/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 1st

Escambia County is the westernmost and oldest county in the U.S. state of Florida. It is in the state's northwestern corner. At the 2020 census, the population was 321,905. Its county seat and largest city is Pensacola. Escambia County is included within the Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county population has continued to increase as the suburbs of Pensacola have developed.


The area had been inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous peoples of varying cultures. Historic American Indian tribes at the time of European-American settlement were the Pensacola and Creek.

Escambia County was organized by European-Americans on July 21, 1821, after the United States bought East Florida and West Florida from Spain. It was named for the Escambia River. The name "Escambia" may have been derived from the Creek name Shambia, meaning "clearwater", or the Choctaw word for "cane-brake" or "reed-brake".

Created on the same date, Escambia and St. Johns counties were Florida's two original counties, covering the entire territory within modern state boundaries. The Suwannee River was the border between them, which follows a winding path from the northern border of the state to the Gulf of Mexico. Essentially, the Escambia county government had jurisdiction over the "panhandle" and "big bend" areas and St. Johns over the remainder of the entire state.

As population increased in the frontier territory, 21 counties were later organized from Escambia county directly or indirectly. They include Jackson (1821), Gadsden (created from Jackson)(1823), Leon (1824), Walton (1824), Washington (created from Jackson and Walton)(1825), Hamilton (1827), Jefferson (1827), Madison (created from Jefferson) (1827), Franklin (1832), Calhoun (1838), Santa Rosa (1842), Wakulla (created from Leon) (1843), Holmes (created from Jackson and Walton) (1848), Liberty (created from Gadsden) (1855), Lafayette and Taylor (created from Madison) (1856), Bay (created from Washington) (1913), Okaloosa (created from Santa Rosa and Walton) (1915), Dixie (created from Lafayette) (1921), and Gulf (created from Calhoun) (1925). The total number of counties in Florida in 2013 is 67.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 875 square miles (2,270 km2), of which 656 square miles (1,700 km2) is land and 218 square miles (560 km2) (25.0%) is water.

The county jurisdiction includes the island of Santa Rosa south of Pensacola; it is not part of Santa Rosa County proper. Escambia County is part of the Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Adjacent counties

Escambia County in Florida and Escambia County in Alabama are two of 22 counties or parishes in the United States with the same name to border each other across state lines.

National protected areas


Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 3,386
1840 3,993 17.9%
1850 4,351 9.0%
1860 5,768 32.6%
1870 7,817 35.5%
1880 12,156 55.5%
1890 20,188 66.1%
1900 28,313 40.2%
1910 38,029 34.3%
1920 49,386 29.9%
1930 53,594 8.5%
1940 74,667 39.3%
1950 112,706 50.9%
1960 173,829 54.2%
1970 205,334 18.1%
1980 233,794 13.9%
1990 262,798 12.4%
2000 294,410 12.0%
2010 297,619 1.1%
2020 321,905 8.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020 2020

2010 Census

At the 2010 census there were 297,619 people, 116,238 households, and 74,040 families living in the county. The population density was 449 people per square mile (174/km2). There were 136,703 housing units at an average density of 206 per square mile (80/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.9% White, 22.9% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.3% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. 4.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 116,238 households 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 28.9% of households were one person and 10.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.

The age distribution was 21.6% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.

The median household income was $43,707 and the median family income was $54,543. Males had a median income of $38,878 versus $30,868 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,773. About 12.7% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.4% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.



  • Coastal Airport
  • Ferguson Airport
  • Pensacola International Airport


Escambia County is served by buses run by Escambia County Area Transit.

Major highways

  • I-10 / SR 8
  • I-110
  • US 29
  • US 90
  • US 98.svg US 98
  • Business plate.svg
    US 98.svg BUS US 98
  • Florida 4.svg State Road 4
  • Florida 97.svg State Road 97
  • Florida 173.svg State Road 173
  • Florida 289.svg State Road 289
  • Florida 291.svg State Road 291
  • Florida 292.svg State Road 292
  • Florida 295.svg State Road 295
  • Florida 296.svg State Road 296


Pensacola was a scheduled stop on the route of Amtrak's Los Angeles-Orlando Sunset Limited from 1993 to 2005, when damage to railroad bridges and tracks caused by Hurricane Katrina resulted in cancellation of the route east of New Orleans. Escambia County has had no passenger train service since then.

Before the creation of Amtrak in 1971, Pensacola was served by the New Orleans-Jacksonville Gulf Wind, operated jointly by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad and the Seaboard Air Line Railroad.

The following freight railroads serve Escambia County:


Escambia County is served by the West Florida Regional Library System.


Juan Sebastian de Elcano at Pensacola
Juan Sebastian de Elcano, a Spanish tall ship, initiates a 21-gun salute in honor of the city of Pensacola's 450th anniversary in 2009



Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Ghost towns


Public primary and secondary education schools in Pensacola are administered by the Escambia County School District.

The University of West Florida, Pensacola State College, and Pensacola Christian College are located in Escambia County.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Escambia (Florida) para niños

Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Inventors:
Shirley Ann Jackson
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Elijah McCoy
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