Hardwick Township, New Jersey facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Hardwick Township, New Jersey
|Township of Hardwick|
Map of Hardwick Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Hardwick Township, New Jersey
|Royal charter||January 22, 1750|
|Incorporated||February 21, 1798|
|Named for||Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke|
|• Body||Township Committee|
|• Total||38.94 sq mi (100.85 km2)|
|• Land||37.53 sq mi (97.19 km2)|
|• Water||1.42 sq mi (3.66 km2) 3.63%|
|Area rank||58th of 565 in state
1st of 22 in county
|Elevation||827 ft (252 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Rank||505th of 566 in state
22nd of 22 in county
|• Density||46.3/sq mi (17.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||556th of 566 in state
22nd of 22 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
07825 - Blairstown, New Jersey
|Area code(s)||908 exchange: 841|
|GNIS feature ID||0882239|
Hardwick Township is a township in Warren County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 1,696, reflecting an increase of 232 (+15.8%) from the 1,464 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 209 (+16.7%) from the 1,255 counted in the 1990 Census.
The township was created around 1713 through a royal patent. The township was created by Royal charter on January 22, 1750, from Greenwich Township, while the area was part of Morris County. It became part of the newly created Sussex County on June 8, 1753. Parts of Hardwick Township were taken on November 11, 1782, to form Independence Township. Hardwick Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. On November 20, 1824, most of Hardwick Township was transferred to form part of Warren County, with the remainder staying in Sussex County as parts of Green Township and Stillwater Township, which were both created as of December 27, 1824. Frelinghuysen Township was created March 7, 1848, from portions of the township. The township was named for Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke.
The now-defunct Pahaquarry Township was dissolved and absorbed by Hardwick Township on July 2, 1997. Pahaquarry Township had been created on March 14, 1825, and received its name from the word "Pahaquarra", which was a derivation of the Native American word Pahaqualong used by the Lenape meaning "termination of two mountains" (describing the mountain or mountainous area that was the area's southern border) or "the place between the mountains beside the waters".
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 37.923 square miles (98.221 km2), including 36.601 square miles (94.797 km2) of land and 1.322 square miles (3.425 km2) of water (3.49%). The part of the township east of the Kittatinny Ridge (the part excluding the now defunct Pahaquarry Township) is located in the Kittatinny Valley which is a section of the Great Appalachian Valley that stretches for 700 miles (1,100 km) from Canada to Alabama. The defunct Pahaquarry section of the Township which borders the Delaware River is located in the Minisink Valley that extends from the Delaware Water Gap north to Port Jervis, New York.
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Bass Lake, Franklin Grove, Hardwick, Hardwick Center, Millbrook, Newbakers Corner, Sand Pond, Squares Corner and White Pond.
Sunfish Pond is a 44-acre (18 ha) glacial lake surrounded by a 258-acre (104 ha) hardwood forest located on the Kittatinny Ridge within Worthington State Forest, adjacent to the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. The Appalachian Trail runs alongside the western and northern edges of the lake, which was created by the Wisconsin Glacier during the last ice age. The lake was declared a National Natural Landmark in January 1970.
Camp Ralph S. Mason is a YMCA, established in 1900, that covers 460 acres (190 ha) adjacent to the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area that serves approximately 800 campers in its summer camp programs and 7,000 participants at its outdoor center.
The Pahaquarry Copper Mine is an abandoned copper mine. Active mining was attempted for brief periods during the mid-eighteenth, mid-nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries but was never successful. The site is administed by the National Park Service.
1810-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Territory chg. in previous decade.
The Township's economic data (as is all of Warren County) is calculated by the US Census Bureau as part of the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,696 people, 573 households, and 453 families residing in the township. The population density was 46.3 per square mile (17.9/km2). There were 619 housing units at an average density of 16.9 per square mile (6.5/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 96.99% (1,645) White, 0.94% (16) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 0.65% (11) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.71% (12) from other races, and 0.71% (12) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.95% (67) of the population.
There were 573 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.9% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the township, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 19.3% from 25 to 44, 35.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.8 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 92.3 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $96,094 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,827) and the median family income was $105,469 (+/- $14,654). Males had a median income of $77,045 (+/- $8,432) versus $46,667 (+/- $3,953) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $38,377 (+/- $5,353). About 3.0% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,464 people, 502 households, and 410 families residing in the township. The population density was 40.1 people per square mile (15.5/km2). There were 530 housing units at an average density of 14.5 per square mile (5.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 97.06% White, 0.61% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.89% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.
There were 502 households, out of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.3% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.3% were non-families. 13.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the township the population was spread out, with 26.6% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $72,167, and the median income for a family was $76,111. Males had a median income of $56,000 versus $31,875 for females. The per capita income for the township was $30,038. About 0.5% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.5% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 41.74 miles (67.17 km) of roadways, of which 28.55 miles (45.95 km) were maintained by the municipality, 11.68 miles (18.80 km) by Warren County, 1.01 miles (1.63 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.50 miles (0.80 km) by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission.
The only major roads that pass through are County Route 521 in the eastern part and Interstate 80 in the very west. The portion of I-80 also includes part of the Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge which connects to Pennsylvania.
Old Mine Road, a scenic road that runs along the Delaware River, is said to be among the oldest roads in the Northeast used for the business purposes. It originates in Hardwick at I-80 and continues to the northeast into Walpack Township.
The original Friday the 13th movie was filmed in Hardwick's local Boy Scout Camp No-Be-Bo-Sco.
For kindergarten through sixth grade, public school students attend Blairstown Elementary School in Blairstown Township as part of the Blairstown Township School District. The Hardwick Township Board of Education was dissolved and merged into the Blairstown district as of July 1, 2009. The tax levies for the 2009-10 year were left unchanged, with the tax levy for subsequent years apportioned based 78.8% on enrollment and 21.2% on the equalized value of property on the two municipalities. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 466 students and 46.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.0:1.
Students in seventh through twelfth grades for public school attend the North Warren Regional High School in Blairstown, a public secondary high school that also serves students from the townships of Blairstown, Frelinghuysen and Knowlton. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 799 students and 77.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.3:1. Seats on the high school district's nine-member board of education are allocated based on the population of the constituent municipalities, with one seat allocated to Hardwick Township.
Students from the township and from all of Warren County are eligible to attend Ridge and Valley Charter School in Frelinghuysen Township (for grades K-8, with Hardwick residents granted admissions priority) or Warren County Technical School in Washington borough (for 9-12), with special education services provided by local districts supplemented throughout the county by the Warren County Special Services School District in Oxford Township (for PreK-12).
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Hardwick Township include:
- John Linn (1763–1821), member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey from 1817 to 1821.
- Benjamin Lundy (1789–1839), Quaker abolitionist.
- Lou Reed (1942–2013), rock performer.
Images for kids
Hardwick Township, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.