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Heinrich Rau
Fotothek df roe-neg 0002951 003 Portrait Heinrich Raus am Rednerpult bei der Eröffnung der Herbstmesse 1950.jpg
Rau giving a speech in Leipzig, 1950
Born (1899-04-02)2 April 1899
Died 23 March 1961(1961-03-23) (aged 61)
Cause of death Heart attack
Resting place Zentralfriedhof Friedrichsfelde, Berlin, Germany
Organization Spartacus League, International Brigades
Known for Leader of the XI International Brigade
Chairman of the German Economic Commission
Leading economic politician and diplomat of East Germany
Political party Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (1917–1919)
Communist Party of Germany (1919–1946)
Socialist Unity Party of Germany (1946–1961)
Spouse(s) Helene Heß
Elisabeth Bihr
Children 3 sons, 1 daughter

Heinrich Gottlob "Heiner" Rau (2 April 1899 – 23 March 1961) was a German communist politician during the time of the Weimar Republic. He was a leading member of the International Brigades, a member of the Landtag of Prussia (1928-1933) and after World War II an East German statesman. He was the chairman of the German Economic Commission, the precursor to the East German government.

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