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Hyde
Hyde from Werneth Low (crop) Feb 2008.jpg
Hyde from Werneth Low
Hyde is located in Greater Manchester
Hyde
Hyde
Population 34,003 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SJ945945
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Hyde
Postcode district SK14
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
  • Stalybridge and Hyde
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester
53°26′51″N 2°04′55″W / 53.4474°N 2.0820°W / 53.4474; -2.0820

Hyde is a town in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England, which had a population of 34,003 in 2011.

Historically in Cheshire, it is 5 miles (8 km) northeast of Stockport, 6 miles (10 km) west of Glossop and 7.2 miles (12 km) east of Manchester.

History

Early history

Newton Hall was present in the 13th century. The area formed a township of the parish of St Mary, Stockport. Its name is derived from the Hide, a measure of land for taxation purposes, taken to be that area of land necessary to support a peasant family. In later times it was taken to be equivalent to 120 acres (49 ha). In the late 18th century the area that was to become the town centre was no more than a cluster houses known as Red Pump Street. Gee Cross was much larger and 'Hyde' was still only used to refer to the estates of Hyde Hall on the banks of the River Tame. Altogether there were only 3,500 inhabitants in the district in 1801. The town is largely a creation of the 19th century and the Industrial Revolution.

Industrial Revolution

Queen Street Mill - Boiler House - geograph.org.uk - 528569
Lancashire boiler built by Tinker, Shenton & Co, Hyde installed at Queen Street Mill Textile Museum, Burnley

The population of Hyde increased due to the success of the cotton mills during the Industrial Revolution of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, at one stage there were 40 working mills. By 1872 only 27 remained, half of the remaining mills closed between 1921 and 1939 and there is only one working mill in the town today. There were many mill owning families, including the Sidebotham, Hibbert and Horsfield families. The main employers in the mills were the Ashton family who successfully ran a combined spinning and weaving company. Most mills concentrated on one process only. The Ashton family built Hyde Chapel on Stockport Road, Gee Cross. The Ashton Brothers' Mill has recently been demolished to make way for a housing estate.

St George's Church was built in 1832 as a chapel of ease to St Mary's, Stockport. It was built at the instigation of John Hyde Clarke of Hyde Hall and was the first Church of England place of worship in the town. St George's became the parish church of part of Hyde township in 1842. Later additions include the lychgate, boathouse by the canal, hearse house, parish rooms and numerous vicarages. The church has a 110-foot (34 m) tower housing eight bells and a clock.

The Peak Forest Canal was constructed through Hyde from Ashton-under-Lyne to Woodley, Romiley and Marple. Captain Clarke's Bridge, originally named Wood End Canal Bridge is situated at the end of Woodend Lane. The bridge was erected before Captain Clarke rose to prominence and therefore probably became known as Captain Clarke's Bridge after he retired and resided there.

There was also a coal mine, known as Hyde Colliery, in the town and in January 1889 an explosion there killed 23 miners. There was an enquiry held the following month at the town hall. See http://www.cotswan.com/edward_jackson.htm for an account of part of the enquiry. The following month Ardwick AFC, modern day Manchester City, played Newton Heath, modern day Manchester United, under floodlights at Belle Vue to raise money for the victims' families. The game was watched by 10,000 people and this was the first floodlit match played by either side.

Geography

Hyde Centotaph
Hyde Cenotaph on Werneth Low

Werneth Low Country Park is the location of the Hyde War Memorial. The memorial is owned by a trust which raised funds from Hyde residents after the Great War to create a permanent memorial to those Hyde residents who died in that conflict. The memorial contains 710 names.

Hyde is separated from Denton by the River Tame, a tributary of the River Mersey. There are several areas and suburbs in Hyde, these include, Gee Cross, Newton, Hattersley, Godley, Flowery Field, Kingston, Mottram in Longdendale, Hollingworth and Broadbottom.

Transport

Hyde Bus Station - geograph.org.uk - 1008974
Hyde bus station served by TfGM

Hyde is served by six railway stations:

  • Hyde Central and Hyde North stations are on the Manchester Piccadilly - Romiley - Rose Hill Marple 'Hyde Loop' line;
  • Flowery Field, Newton for Hyde, Godley and Hattersley stations are on the electrified Piccadilly - Glossop - Hadfield line.

Hyde is served by the M67 motorway, which is a feeder to the M60 which is the orbital motorway for Manchester and is connected to many other motorways that serve across the country.

Hyde also has Hyde bus station, with services into Manchester and other surrounding areas, including Stockport, Ashton-under-Lyne and Oldham. The station was originally built with an open 'bus shelter design' like many bus stations, but was rebuilt as a much larger central terminus style building, enclosed from the outside. It opened on 23 August 2007 and cost £3.7m to build. The initiative was intended to encourage people to use public transport. Bus 201 runs between Hattersley and Manchester city centre, via Hyde, Denton and Gorton. Bus 202 runs between Gee Cross and Manchester city centre, via Hyde, Haughton Green, Denton and Gorton. Bus 330 runs between Ashton-under-Lyne and Stockport, via Dukinfield and Hyde. Bus 341 runs between Glossop and Hyde, via Charlesworth, Mottram-in-Longdendale, Hattersley and Hyde Hospital. Bus 342 runs between Hyde and Gee Cross, via Hyde Hospital. Bus 343 runs between Hyde and Oldham, via Dukinfield, Stalybridge, Carrbrook, Mossley and Lees. Bus 344 runs between Hyde and Hyde Hospital, via Backbower. Bus 346 runs between Ashton-under-Lyne and Gee Cross, via Dukinfield, Newton and Hyde.

A tram network operated by the SHMD Joint Board ran lines through Hyde from 1904 to 1945, until their replacement by buses. The second-generation tramway Manchester Metrolink currently terminates at nearby Ashton-under-Lyne for connections to the city centre.

Leisure

Hyde has a recently refurbished leisure centre which contains a large swimming pool with a wave machine, the new 'Red Ripster' aqua slide and an upstairs fitness suite. The pool also has a new changing village and a new cafe and air conditioned eating area. The octagon shaped structure which has been open since the '90s, is situated next to the neighbouring Hyde United F.C. ground. Hyde also has its own Air Cadet Organisation (ACO), Part of a UK-wide cadet force with more than 40,000 members aged 13–20 and are sponsored by the Royal Air Force. The works of No 468 (Hyde & Hattersley) Squadron can be viewed at 468 Air Cadets Squadron. Also Hyde Library has a gallery called the 'Rutherford Gallery', which is exhibiting the work of Harry Rutherford, an artist who was from the Tameside area.

Popular Culture

  • Hyde is repeatedly mentioned as where DI Sam Tyler transferred from in the 2006–2007, BBC 1970s period, police time travel series Life on Mars.
Bibliography


Sport

Football

EwenFields2
Ewen Fields the home of Hyde United F.C.

Hyde United F.C. was formed in 1919 and changed its name to Hyde FC in 2010, as a result of a sponsorship deal with Manchester City, and back to Hyde United in 2015. Hyde United entered the annals with the greatest ever competitive defeat in English Football on 15 October 1887 by losing 26 - 0 to Preston North End at Deepdale. The club plays its home games at Ewen Fields. The ground has been used by Manchester City and Manchester United for their reserve team fixtures; in 2010, Manchester City F.C. Reserves and Academy moved in. They used the facility as their permanent home until 2015, when a purpose-built academy stadium was opened on the campus at the Etihad Stadium. A notable appearance for Hyde United F.C. was in the FA Cup - in the 2017–18 season, they made a first round appearance in the FA Cup where they lost 4–0 to Milton Keynes Dons FC.

Boxing

Hatton Health and Fitness - geograph.org.uk - 1459424
Ricky Hatton's gym, Hatton Health and Fitness, is located in Hyde.

World champion boxer Ricky Hatton was brought up on the Hattersley Estate and now lives in Gee Cross. He who fought against Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Manny Paqcuiao but lost on both occasions. Overall his record is at an outstanding 45-3 and had a record at one point of 43–0. His association with the town led to the creation of a boxing gym and health club by Hatton Promotions.

Water polo

The Hyde Seal Swimming & Water Polo Club dominated water polo and swimming in England in the early years of the 20th century.

Cricket

Hyde Cricket and Squash Club play in the Cheshire County League and have their ground near Werneth Low. Flowery Field Cricket Club are part of the Lancashire County League. Professional cricketer Len Hopwood was born in Newton.

Education

Hyde Socialist Sunday School
Hyde Socialist Sunday School

Primary schools

Below is a list of all the primary schools in the Hyde area: Gee Cross Holy Trinity Primary School

Secondary schools

Below is a list of all the secondary schools in the Hyde area:

  • Alder Community High School
  • Hyde High School

Further education

Tameside College and Clarendon Sixth Form College used to be located in Hyde but have since moved to Ashton-under-Lyne.

Notable people

See also: List of people from Tameside

The following individuals were born in Hyde or lived in the town:

  • Luke Baines, actor, singer and model
  • Trevor Grimshaw, artist
  • Stuart Hall, BBC radio and television presenter.
  • Ricky Hatton, boxer
  • Matthew Hatton, boxer
  • Lee Martin, former Manchester United footballer
  • Jenny Campbell, former British banker and panelist on Dragons' Den
  • L.S. Lowry, artist.
  • Alan West (born 1951 in Hyde), footballer, central midfielder for Burnley and Luton Town
  • Danny Brocklehurst (born 1971 in Hyde), BAFTA-winning screenwriter, Shameless, Clocking Off, Talk to Me.
  • Tom Cassell (born 23 June 1993 in Hyde)
  • Owen Jones, writer and journalist.
  • Ron Hill MBE (25 September 1938 – 23 May 2021, born in Accrington, but later lived in Hyde) running legend who also worked in sports clothing.
  • Timmy Mallett, children's TV presenter. Ex-Hyde Grammar School pupil.
  • Brian & Michael, chart success singers. Ex-Hyde Grammar School pupils.

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