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Joan Miró
Portrait of Joan Miro, Barcelona 1935 June 13.jpg
Joan Miró, photo by Carl Van Vechten, June 1935
Joan Miró i Ferrà

(1893-04-20)20 April 1893
Died 25 December 1983(1983-12-25) (aged 90)
Palma, Majorca, Spain
Nationality Spanish
Known for Painting, sculpture, mural and ceramics
Movement Surrealism, Dada, Personal, Experimental
Spouse(s) Pilar Juncosa Iglesias (1929–1983)
Awards 1954 Venice Biennale Grand Prize for Graphic Work,
1958 Guggenheim International Award,
1980 Gold Medal of Fine Arts, Spain

Joan Miró i Ferrà (20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundació Joan Miró, was established in his native city of Barcelona in 1975, and another, the Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró, was established in his adoptive city of Palma de Mallorca in 1981.

Joan Miró, 1920, Horse, Pipe and Red Flower, oil on canvas, 82.6 x 74.9 cm, Philadelphia Museum of Art
Joan Miró, Horse, Pipe and Red Flower, 1920

Joan Miró started painting when he was fourteen he attended an art school. He then started to develop his own style to draw scenes of trees and landscapes. In around the 1930s Joan started to make rapid changes to his style of painting. Influenced by Pablo Picasso, Miro developed more surrealist works.

Miró was a significant influence on late 20th-century art, in particular the American abstract expressionist artists.

Today, Miró's paintings sell for between US$250,000 and US$26 million; US$17 million at a U.S. auction for the La Caresse des étoiles (1938) on 6 May 2008, at the time the highest amount paid for one of his works. In 2012.

Later life and death

In 1979 Miró received a doctorate honoris causa from the University of Barcelona. The artist, who suffered from heart failure, died in his home in Palma (Majorca) on December 25, 1983. He was later interred in the Montjuïc Cemetery in Barcelona.

Legacy and influence

Tomba de Joan Miró 2
Tomb of Joan Miró

Miró has been a significant influence on late 20th-century art, in particular the American abstract expressionist artists such as Motherwell, Calder, Gorky, Pollock, Matta and Rothko and others.

In 1954 he was given the Venice Biennale print making prize, in 1958 the Guggenheim International Award. In 1981, the Palma City Council (Majorca) established the Pilar and Joan Miró Foundation in Mallorca, housed in the four studios that Miró had donated for the purpose.

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