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List of churches in the City of Westminster facts for kids

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This is a list of cathedrals, churches and chapels in the City of Westminster within the Greater London. The list focuses on the more permanent churches and buildings which identify themselves as places of Christian worship. The denominations appended are those by which they self-identify.

History

London's churches and chapels are extraordinarily numerous and diverse. Anglican and nonconformist churches and chapels are most numerous, but there are also many Catholic churches as well as places of worship for non-Christian religions.

Most of the Anglican churches lie within the Anglican dioceses of London to the north and Southwark to the south. The Catholic dioceses that cover Greater London are, north of the Thames and west of the Lea, the Diocese of Westminster; south of the Thames the Archdiocese of Southwark; and north of the Thames and east of the Lea, the Diocese of Brentwood.

Significance

Although many churches and chapels were entirely or partly lost to 19th-century demolitions and to bombing in the Second World War, many historic, architecturally significant and religiously significant buildings remain, particularly in the City of London and the City of Westminster. A number of the churches are mentioned in the nursery rhyme Oranges and Lemons. Churches in this list belong to various denominations, as indicated.

List of churches

Active churches

Church name Location Dedication Web Founded Denomination Notes
St Clement Danes Strand Pope Clement I C9th Anglican Rebuilt C11th, C14th, 1680–1682, 1958
Westminster Abbey Westminster Peter C10th Royal Peculiar. Rebuilt 1245–1517
St Margaret, Westminster Westminster Margaret the Virgin C11th Rebuilt 1486–1523. Now under governance of W. Abbey
St Marylebone Parish Church Marylebone Mary C12th Relocated 1400, rebuilt 1742, relocated 1813–1817
St Martin-in-the-Fields Trafalgar Square Martin of Tours C13th Rebuilt 1542, 1721–1726
St Mary le Strand Strand Mary C13th Met in St Clement Danes 1549–1714. Rebuilt 1714–1723
St Mary on Paddington Green Little Venice Mary Medieval Rebuilt 1791. Previous buildings were St Nicholas' & St James's
Savoy Chapel Strand John the Baptist 1512 Royal peculiar
Queen's Chapel St James   1623–1625 Chapel Royal. External adjunct to St James's Palace
St Paul, Covent Garden Covent Garden Paul 1631–1633 Known as 'the actors' church'. First post-Reformation UK church
St James, Piccadilly Piccadilly James 1684 Restored following Blitz
St Anne, Soho Soho Anne 1677–1686 Destroyed 1940, rebuilt 1990–1991
St George, Hanover Square Mayfair George 1721–1725
Grosvenor Chapel Mayfair Richard Grosvenor 1730 Became chapel of ease 1829
Annunciation, Marble Arch Marble Arch Annunciation 1787 Chapel of ease until rebuilding 1912–13
St John's Wood Church St John's Wood None? 1814 Chapel of ease until 1952
St Matthew, Bayswater Bayswater Matthew 1818 Rebuilt 1882
St Mary, Bryanston Square Marylebone Mary 1823–1824 Commissioners' church. Recent HTB church plant
All Souls, Langham Place Regent Street All Souls 1824 Commissioners' church
St Peter, Eaton Square Belgravia Peter 1824–1827 Commissioners' church. Rebuilt 1837, and 1991 following arson
St John the Evangelist, Hyde Park Paddington John the Evangelist 1832
St James, Paddington Paddington James the Less 1841–1843 Rebuilt 1882, renovated 1958
St Paul, Knightsbridge Knightsbridge Paul 1843
St Barnabas, Pimlico Pimlico Barnabas 1847–1850
St Matthew, Westminster Westminster Matthew 1849–1851 Rebuilt 1984 following arson
St Gabriel, Warwick Square Pimlico Gabriel 1851–1853 Anglo-Catholic
St Saviour, Warwick Avenue Warwick Avenue Jesus 1855–1856 Rebuilt 1976. United with St Mary on Paddington Green 2010
St Stephen, Westbourne Park Westbourne Stephen 1856
All Saints, Margaret Street Fitzrovia All Saints 1850–1859 Anglo-Catholic
St James the Less, Pimlico Pimlico James the Less 1858–1861
St Saviour, Pimlico Pimlico Jesus 1863–1864
St Cyprian, Clarence Gate Marylebone Cyprian 1866 Rebuilt 1903
St Augustine, Kilburn Kilburn Augustine of C? 1870 Rebuilt 1880. Bishop of Fulham
St Mary Magdalene, Paddington Paddington Mary Magdalene 1867–1872
St Mary, Bourne Street Sloane Square Mary 1874
St Luke, West Kilburn West Kilburn Luke 1876–1877
St David's Welsh Church, Paddington Green Paddington David of Wales 1885 First building 1890, rebuilt 1896
Emmanuel, Harrow Road Paddington Jesus 1886 Rebuilt 1995. United with St Luke's West Kilburn
Holy Trinity, South Kensington S Kensington Trinity 1901 Earlier chapel in area dates back to 1629
Christ Church Mayfair Mayfair Jesus 2001 Anglican / Co-Mission Church plant from St Helen's Bishopsgate. Building was CoE
Our Lady of the Assumption & St Gregory Warwick Street Mary & Gregory 1730s Roman Catholic Rebuilt 1789–1790. Central church of Ordinariate of OL Walsingham
St Patrick, Soho Square Soho Square Patrick 1792 Rebuilt 1893. Masses in Spanish and Portuguese
St James, Spanish Place Marylebone James 1793–1796 Originally connected with Spanish Embassy. New building 1890
Our Lady of St John's Wood St John's Wood Mary 1832 Rebuilt 1836
Immaculate Conception, Farm Street Mayfair Imm Conception 1849 served by the Society of Jesus. Parish church from 1966
Our Lady of the Rosary Marylebone Mary 1855 Rebuilt 1963
St Mary of the Angels, Bayswater Bayswater Mary 1851–1857
St Charles Borromeo, Ogle Street Fitzrovia Charles Borromeo 1861–1863 parish associated with the Neocatechumenal Way
Notre Dame de France Soho Mary 1865 Francophone church. Building early C19th, reconstructed 1948–1953
Our Lady of Lourdes & St Vincent de Paul Harrow Road Mary & Vincent 1876 Building 1882, rebuilt 1976
Westminster Cathedral Westminster Precious Blood 1895–1903
Our Lady of Sorrows/Our Lady of Lebanon Paddington Mary 1912 including services in both the Latin and Maronite rites
Holy Apostles, Pimlico Pimlico Apostles 1917 Old chapel of ease destroyed 1941. Rebuilt as parish church 1957
Our Lady, Queen of Heaven, Queensway Queensway Mary 1954 Became parish in 1973. Mass in English. Popular with visitors and tourists because of its location.
Our Lady, Queen of the World Convent Chapel St John's Wood
Sacred Heart of Jesus Westminster
Cathedral of the Holy Family in Exile Mayfair Holy Family 1965 Ukrainian Catholic Building erected 1887 as King's Weigh House Congregational
St Sophia's Cathedral, Bayswater Bayswater Wisdom of God 1877–1879 Greek Orthodox Replaced earlier church of Christ our Saviour, London Wall
Annunciation of the Mother of God Bayswater Greek Orthodox Archdiocesan Chapel
Cathedral of the Dormition & All Saints Knightsbridge Dormition & All Sts 1956 Russian Orthodox Building erected as All Saints Anglican church 1849
St John's Wood Road Baptist Church St John's Wood 1826 Baptist Moved to present site 1900s
Hinde Street Methodist Church Marylebone 1807–1810 Methodist Part of West London Methodist Mission; see also King's Cross MC
Methodist Central Hall, Westminster Westminster 1905–1912 Methodist
St Paul's United Reformed Church Bayswater Paul c. 1870 URC Formerly Presbyterian
Swiss Church in London Covent Garden 1762 ? French, German. First building 1775, current one 1855
Ulrika Eleonora Church Marylebone 1911 Ch of Sweden Abroad Only Swedish church in London
French Protestant Church of London Soho Square 1550 French Protestant Building erected 1891–1893. Only Huguenot church in London
New Life Bible Presbyterian Church Queen's Park 1993 Presbyterian Separated from URC, meets in ex-URC building
Crown Court Church Covent Garden 1711 Church of Scotland Rebuilt 1909. Oldest CoS church in England
Regent Hall Oxford Street 1882 Salvation Army
Orange Street Congregational Church St James's 1787 EFCC
Westminster Chapel Pimlico 1840 EFCC-FIEC founded as Congregational. New building 1865
Westminster Meeting House Westminster Quakers
Rossmore Hall Evangelical Church Marylebone Brethren
Hope Community Church Covent Garden Independent Meets in a cafe. Was Covent Garden Evangelical Church
Hope Hall Queen's Park C19th Independent

Defunct churches

St Peter's Church, Vere Street Dec 2016
St Peter, Vere Street
Church name Neighbourhood Dedication Founded Ended Denomination Notes
St Peter, Vere Street Marylebone Peter 1722 C20th Anglican Once known as Oxford Chapel. Now home to London Institute for Contemporary Christianity
St John, Smith Square Smith Square John the Evangelist 1728 1941 Restored 1962–1969, now used as a concert hall
St Mark, Mayfair Mayfair Mark 1825–1828 1974 Now used for events and other church groups
Holy Trinity, Marylebone Marylebone Trinity 1828 1930s Now used for holding events
Christ Church, Harrow Road Paddington Jesus 1842 1940 Demolished 1953
Holy Trinity, Bishop's Bridge Road Paddington Trinity 1846 1971 Demolished 1984
All Saints, Norfolk Square Paddington All Saints 1848 1919 Demolished 1961
Christ Church, Lancaster Gate Paddington Jesus 1856 1977 Demolished
St Philip, Manor Place Paddington Philip 1861 1893 Demolished
St Michael & All Angels, Star Street Paddington Michael & Angels 1864 1964 Demolished 1967
Christ Church Down Street Mayfair Jesus 1865 1990s Closed 1990s but now used by Christ Church Mayfair, a new CoE church (see above)
St Luke, Tavistock Road Paddington Luke 1868 1963 Demolished
St Peter, Elgin Avenue Paddington Peter 1871 1975 Demolished
St Paul, Harrow Road Paddington Paul 1874 1947 Demolished
St Jude, Lancefield Street Paddington Jude 1879 1959 Demolished
St Martha, Cirencester Street Paddington Martha 1880 1957 Demolished
St Simon, Saltram Crescent Paddington Simon the Zealot 1899 1978
Enon Chapel 1823 1839 Baptist
West Street Chapel St James 1741 early C19th Methodist No longer used as a church
Queen's Park United Reformed Church Harrow Road URC

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