Livingston County, Illinois facts for kids

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Livingston County, Illinois
Map
Map of Illinois highlighting Livingston County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1837
Seat Pontiac
Largest City Streator
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,046 sq mi (2,709 km²)
1,044 sq mi (2,704 km²)
1.6 sq mi (4 km²), 0.2%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

38,950
37/sq mi (14/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://www.livingstoncounty-il.org/wordpress/
Named for: Edward Livingston

Livingston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 38,950. Its county seat is Pontiac.

Livingston County comprises the Pontiac, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is combined with the Bloomington–Normal metropolitan statistical area as the Bloomington-Pontiac, IL Combined Statistical Area.

History

Livingston was established on February 27, 1837. It was formed from parts of McLean, LaSalle, and Iroquois counties, and named after Edward Livingston, a prominent politician who was mayor of New York City and represented New York in the United States House of Representatives and Louisiana in both houses of Congress. He later served as Andrew Jackson's Secretary of State and as Minister to France. Although he had no connections to Illinois, the General Assembly found him accomplished enough to name a county after him.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,046 square miles (2,710 km2), of which 1,044 square miles (2,700 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.2%) is water. It is the fourth-largest county in Illinois by land area.

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Pontiac, Illinois
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
30
14
 
 
1.4
 
36
18
 
 
2.8
 
48
29
 
 
3.4
 
62
39
 
 
3.8
 
73
50
 
 
4.1
 
82
60
 
 
4.1
 
85
64
 
 
3.6
 
83
62
 
 
3
 
77
54
 
 
2.7
 
65
42
 
 
3
 
49
31
 
 
2.5
 
35
20
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pontiac have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1927 and a record high of 108 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.44 inches (37 mm) in February to 4.11 inches (104 mm) in June.

Major highways

  • I-55.svg Interstate 55
  • US 24.svg U.S. Highway 24
  • Illinois 17.svg Illinois Route 17
  • Illinois 23.svg Illinois Route 23
  • Illinois 47.svg Illinois Route 47
  • Illinois 116.svg Illinois Route 116

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 759
1850 1,552 104.5%
1860 11,637 649.8%
1870 31,471 170.4%
1880 38,450 22.2%
1890 38,455 0.0%
1900 42,035 9.3%
1910 40,465 −3.7%
1920 39,070 −3.4%
1930 39,092 0.1%
1940 38,838 −0.6%
1950 37,809 −2.6%
1960 40,341 6.7%
1970 40,690 0.9%
1980 41,381 1.7%
1990 39,301 −5.0%
2000 39,678 1.0%
2010 38,950 −1.8%
Est. 2015 36,671 −5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 38,950 people, 14,613 households, and 9,741 families residing in the county. The population density was 37.3 inhabitants per square mile (14.4/km2). There were 15,895 housing units at an average density of 15.2 per square mile (5.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.8% white, 4.9% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 36.6% were German, 17.2% were Irish, 11.2% were American, 10.7% were English, and 5.1% were Italian.

Of the 14,613 households, 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families, and 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 40.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,500 and the median income for a family was $60,933. Males had a median income of $44,639 versus $32,234 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,259. About 9.1% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Town

Villages

Townships

Livingston County is divided into thirty townships:

  • Amity
  • Avoca
  • Belle Prairie
  • Broughton
  • Charlotte
  • Chatsworth
  • Dwight
  • Eppards Point
  • Esmen
  • Fayette
  • Forrest
  • Germanville
  • Indian Grove
  • Long Point
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • Newtown
  • Odell
  • Owego
  • Pike
  • Pleasant Ridge
  • Pontiac
  • Reading
  • Rooks Creek
  • Round Grove
  • Saunemin
  • Sullivan
  • Sunbury
  • Union
  • Waldo

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