National parks of New Zealand facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Map of New Zealand National Park
Map of New Zealand with the national parks marked in green
Tongariro from the air
Mount Tongariro in winter, Tongariro National Park
NEO egmont big
Satellite photo of Egmont National Park (the forested area)
AbelTasmanNP
Totaranui beach, Abel Tasman National Park
Milford sound 2004
Tourist attraction Milford Sound, the most famous of the fiords in Fiordland National Park

The national parks of New Zealand are 13 protected areas administered by the Department of Conservation. Although the national parks contain some of New Zealand's most beautiful scenery, the first few established were all focused on mountain scenery. Since the 1980s the focus has been on developing a more diverse representation of New Zealand landscapes. The parks are all culturally significant; many also contain historic features. Tongariro National Park, in particular, is one of 27 World Heritage Sites that is of both cultural and natural significance, while four of the South Island national parks form Te Wahipounamu, another World Heritage Site. A 14th national park, Te Urewera National Park, was disestablished in 2014.

The national parks are administered by the Department of Conservation "for the benefit, use, and enjoyment of the public". They are popular tourist destinations, with three-tenths of overseas tourists visiting at least one national park during their stay in New Zealand.

National Parks Act

The National Parks Act of 1980 was established in order to codify the purpose, governance and selection of national parks. It begins by establishing the definition of a national park:

It is hereby declared that the provisions of this Act shall have

effect for the purpose of preserving in perpetuity as national parks, for their intrinsic worth and for the benefit, use, and enjoyment of the public, areas of New Zealand that contain scenery of such distinctive quality, ecological systems, or natural features so beautiful, unique, or scientifically important that their preservation is in the national interest.

National Parks Act 1980, Part 1, section 4, subsection 1

The National Parks Act goes on to state that the public will have freedom of entry and access to the parks, though this is subject to restrictions to ensure the preservation of native plants and animals and the welfare of the parks in general. Access to specially protected areas (550 km²) constituted under the act is by permit only. Under the Act, national parks are to be maintained in their natural state as far as possible to retain their value as soil, water and forest conservation areas. Native plants and animals are to be preserved and introduced plants and animals removed if their presence interferes with the natural wildlife. Development in wilderness areas established under the act is restricted to foot tracks and huts used for wild animal control or scientific research.

Services available for public use

The Act allows the Department of Conservation to provide hostels, huts, camping grounds, ski tows and similar facilities, parking areas, roading and tracks within the parks. In addition to these, the department also provides some accommodation, transport and other services at entry points to the parks, but these are also offered by other government agencies, voluntary organisations and private firms. More comprehensive services within the parks, such as guided walks and skiing tutorials, are privately provided with concessions from the department.

List of national parks

This table lists the current and former national parks from north to south.

National Park Area km² Estab- lished Location Number of DOC huts Description
Te Urewera National Park (disestablished 2014) 2127 1954 38°45′S 177°9′E / 38.75°S 177.15°E / -38.75; 177.15 29 Together with neighbouring Whirinaki Te Pua-a-Tāne Conservation Park, Te Urewera is the largest remaining stand of native forest in the North Island. Lake Waikaremoana, is noted for its scenic shoreline.
Tongariro National Park*  &&&&&&&&&&&&0796.&&&&&0796  1887 39°12′S 175°35′E / 39.2°S 175.58333°E / -39.2; 175.58333 10 New Zealand's first national park, recognised as one of the 27 World Heritage Sites that are of both outstanding natural and cultural value. Gifted to the Crown by Te Heuheu Tūkino IV, the park includes several sacred Māori sites and three active volcanoes, Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe and Tongariro.
Egmont National Park  &&&&&&&&&&&&0335.&&&&&0335  1900 39°16′S 174°6′E / 39.26667°S 174.1°E / -39.26667; 174.1 8 This park comprises the land about a nine-kilometre radius of Mount Taranaki/Egmont and some outlying areas to the north. The symmetrical cone of the dormant volcano is a provincial landmark.
Whanganui National Park  &&&&&&&&&&&&0742.&&&&&0742  1986 39°35′S 175°5′E / 39.58333°S 175.08333°E / -39.58333; 175.08333 5 Bordering the Whanganui River, it incorporates areas of Crown land, former state forest and a number of former reserves.
Abel Tasman National Park  &&&&&&&&&&&&0225.&&&&&0225  1942 40°50′S 172°54′E / 40.83333°S 172.9°E / -40.83333; 172.9 7 The smallest national park, this popular tourist destination has numerous tidal inlets and beaches of golden sand along the shores of Tasman Bay. "Doing the Abel Tasman" as a tramping or kayaking journey is a popular activity.
Kahurangi National Park  &&&&&&&&&&&04520.&&&&&04,520  1996 41°15′S 172°7′E / 41.25°S 172.11667°E / -41.25; 172.11667 51 Situated in the north-west of the South Island, Kahurangi contains spectacular and remote country, including the well-used Heaphy Track. Ancient landforms and unique flora and fauna add to the value of New Zealand's second largest national park.
Nelson Lakes National Park  &&&&&&&&&&&01018.&&&&&01,018  1956 41°49′9″S 172°50′15″E / 41.81917°S 172.8375°E / -41.81917; 172.8375 20 A rugged, mountainous area in Nelson Region. It extends southwards from the forested shores of Lake Rotoiti and Rotoroa to the Lewis Pass National Reserve.
Paparoa National Park  &&&&&&&&&&&&0306.&&&&&0306  1987 42°5′S 171°30′E / 42.08333°S 171.5°E / -42.08333; 171.5 0 On the West Coast of the South Island between Westport and Greymouth. It includes the celebrated Pancake Rocks at Punakaiki.
Arthur's Pass National Park  &&&&&&&&&&&01144.&&&&&01,144  1929 42°57′S 171°34′E / 42.95°S 171.56667°E / -42.95; 171.56667 28 A rugged and mountainous area straddling the main divide of the Southern Alps.
Westland Tai Poutini National Park*  &&&&&&&&&&&01175.&&&&&01,175  1960 43°23′S 170°11′E / 43.38333°S 170.18333°E / -43.38333; 170.18333 12 Extends from the highest peaks of the Southern Alps to a wild remote coastline. Included in the park are glaciers, scenic lakes and dense rainforest, as well as remains of old gold mining towns along the coast.
Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park*  &&&&&&&&&&&&0707.&&&&&0707  1953 43°44′S 170°6′E / 43.73333°S 170.1°E / -43.73333; 170.1 16 An alpine park, containing New Zealand's highest mountain, Aoraki/Mount Cook (3,724 m) and its longest glacier, Tasman Glacier (29 km). A hotspot for mountaineering, ski touring and scenic flights, the park is an area of outstanding natural beauty.
Mount Aspiring National Park*  &&&&&&&&&&&03555.&&&&&03,555  1964 44°23′S 168°44′E / 44.38333°S 168.73333°E / -44.38333; 168.73333 19 A complex of impressively glaciated mountain scenery centred on Mount Aspiring/Tititea (3,033 m), New Zealand's highest peak outside of Aoraki/Mt Cook National Park.
Fiordland National Park* &&&&&&&&&&012519.&&&&&012,519  1952 45°25′S 167°43′E / 45.41667°S 167.71667°E / -45.41667; 167.71667 51 The largest national park in New Zealand and one of the largest in the world, the park covers the southwest corner of the South Island. The grandeur of its scenery, with its deep fiords, its glacial lakes, its mountains and waterfalls, make it a popular tourist destination.
Rakiura National Park  &&&&&&&&&&&01500.&&&&&01,500  2002 46°54′S 168°7′E / 46.9°S 168.11667°E / -46.9; 168.11667 24 Covering about 85% of Stewart Island/Rakiura, this is the newest of the national parks.

* – World Heritage Site or part thereof.

Timeline

Rakiura National ParkKahurangi National ParkPaparoa National ParkWhanganui National ParkMount Aspring National ParkWestland Tai Poutini National ParkNelson Lakes National ParkAoraki/Mount Cook National ParkFiordland National ParkAbel Tasman National ParkArthur's Pass National ParkEgmont National ParkTongariro National Park

Proposed national park

The area centred on Waipoua Forest, north of Dargaville, has been proposed as a possible Kauri National Park. The area contains most of New Zealand's remaining kauri, including the largest known kauri, Tāne Mahuta. These stands of kauri are also valuable as havens for endangered species including the North Island brown kiwi. This proposal is currently being investigated by the Department of Conservation.

In response to a DoC proposal to upgrade the protection of Great Barrier Island (Aotea), Forest and Bird launched a campaign in 2014 to designate it as a National Park.

Mining concerns

In 2010 the New Zealand Government proposed removing some national park and conservation areas from Schedule 4 protection of the Crown Minerals Act which prohibits mining in those areas. In July the government abandoned the proposal after receiving a large number of submissions, most of which opposed mining.


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