Outline of New Zealand facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
The location of New Zealand on a globe

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to New Zealand:

New Zealandsovereign island nation located in the western South Pacific Ocean comprising two large islands, the North Island and the South Island, and numerous smaller islands, most notably Stewart Island/Rakiura and the Chatham Islands. The indigenous Māori named New Zealand Aotearoa, which is commonly translated into English as The Land of the Long White Cloud. The Realm of New Zealand also includes the Cook Islands and Niue, which are self-governing but in free association; Tokelau; and the Ross Dependency (New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica).

New Zealand is notable for its geographic isolation, situated about 2,000 km (1,200 mi) southeast of Australia across the Tasman Sea, its closest neighbours to the north being New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga. During its long isolation New Zealand developed a distinctive fauna dominated by birds, many of which became extinct after the arrival of humans and the mammals they introduced.

The population is mostly of European descent, with the indigenous Māori being the largest minority. Asians and non-Maori Polynesians are also significant minorities, especially in the cities. Elizabeth II, as the Queen of New Zealand, is the Head of State and, in her absence, is represented by a non-partisan Governor-General. The Queen 'reigns but does not rule.' She has no real political influence, and her position is essentially symbolic. Political power is held by the democratically elected Parliament of New Zealand under the leadership of the Prime Minister, who is the Head of Government.

General reference

  • Pronunciation:
  • Common English country name: New Zealand
  • Official English country name: New Zealand
  • Common endonym: New Zealand
  • Official endonym: New Zealand
  • Adjectival: New Zealand
  • Demonym: New Zealander, "Kiwi"
  • Etymology: Name of New Zealand
  • International rankings of New Zealand
  • ISO country codes: NZ, NZL, 554
  • ISO region codes: See ISO 3166-2:NZ
  • Internet country code top-level domain: .nz

Geography of New Zealand

New Zealand towns and cities
An enlargeable topographic map of New Zealand

Environment of New Zealand

New Zealand 23 October 2002
Satellite image of New Zealand

Natural geographic features of New Zealand

Regions of New Zealand

Ecoregions of New Zealand

Administrative divisions of New Zealand

Provinces of New Zealand
Territorial authorities of New Zealand
Municipalities of New Zealand

Demography of New Zealand

History of New Zealand

Culture of New Zealand

Art in New Zealand

  • Art of New Zealand
  • Cinema of New Zealand
  • Literature of New Zealand
  • Music of New Zealand
  • Television in New Zealand
  • Theatre in New Zealand

Sports in New Zealand

  • Rugby union in New Zealand
  • Rugby league in New Zealand
  • Football in New Zealand
  • New Zealand at the Olympics
  • Stadiums in New Zealand
  • Horse Tracks in New Zealand

Education in New Zealand


Outline of New Zealand Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.