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Pirna
Human rights memorial Castle-Fortress Sonnenstein 117956973.jpg
Flag of Pirna
Flag
Coat of arms of Pirna
Coat of arms
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
Municipal assoc. Pirna
Elevation
109-340 m (−1,006.5 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)
 • Total 38,422
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
01781–01796
Dialling codes 03501
Vehicle registration PIR
Website www.pirna.de

Pirna is a Große Kreisstadt in the rural district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.

Geography

Pirna is located at the beginning of the Elbtalkessel, where the Wesenitz and the Gottleuba flow in the Elbe. In the south of Pirna is the Osterzgebirge. Pirna is named Tor zur Sächsischen Schweiz (door to the Sächsische Schweiz).

Nearby towns

Direct in the north of Pirna is the capital of Saxony, Dresden. Nearby towns are Bad Gottleuba-Berggießhübel, Bahretal, Dohma, Dohna, Dürrröhrsdorf-Dittersbach, Heidenau, Lohmen, Stadt Wehlen and Struppen. All these towns are in the rural districts of Sächsische and Schweiz-Osterzgebirge.

History

Stone Age

The first relics of human settlers are from the last ice age. In the neolithic age, farmers lived in this region. In the 6th century the Sorbs settled in Pirna.

Middle Ages

Canaletto (I) 021
Old market of Pirna

With the foundation of the Mark Meißen in the 10th century, it became possible to confirm when the Pirna area had been settled. The castle of Prina was built during the 12th century. Henry III, Margrave of Meissen established the rights of the town of Pirna officially. At this time, the river Elbe was important for trade. The town was first mentioned in writing in 1233. Wenceslaus II of Bohemia bought the town in 1293, so the town was Bohemian until 1405. In 1307, a convent, a complex where nuns lived, was founded in the district.

Population change

The table below lists the population change of Pirna since 1300. Since 1960 the population was counted on December 31 every year.

til 1899

  • 1300 - 1,500
  • 1550 - 3,538
  • 1801 - 4,397
  • 1834 - 5,556
  • 1871 - 8,905
  • 1875 - 10,581
  • 1880 - 11,670
  • 1890 - 13,852

1900 til 1989

  • 1910 - 19,525
  • 1925 - 30,460
  • 1933 - 33,656
  • 1939 - 36,325
  • 1946 - 37,426 1
  • 1950 - 38,676 2
  • 1960 - 41,111
  • 1981 - 48,387
  • 1984 - 47,601

since 1990

  • 1995 - 39,194
  • 1998 - 42,728
  • 2000 - 42,108
  • 2002 - 40,853
  • 2004 - 40,259
  • 2005 - 40,110
  • 2006 - 39,751
  • 2007 - 39,438

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