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Polk County, Missouri facts for kids

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Polk County
Polk County Courthouse in Bolivar
Polk County Courthouse in Bolivar
Map of Missouri highlighting Polk County
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Missouri
Founded March 13, 1835
Named for Ezekiel Polk
Seat Bolivar
Largest city Bolivar
Area
 • Total 642 sq mi (1,660 km2)
 • Land 636 sq mi (1,650 km2)
 • Water 6.9 sq mi (18 km2)  1.1%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 31,137
 • Estimate 
(2018)
32,201
 • Density 48.50/sq mi (18.726/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 7th

Polk County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,137. Its county seat is Bolivar. The county was organized January 5, 1835, and named for Ezekiel Polk.

Polk County is part of the Springfield, MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Polk County was organized and separated from Greene County on January 5, 1835. Its original boundaries were later reduced in creating Dade, Dallas, and Hickory counties. The name was suggested by a local pioneer, Ezekiel Madison Campbell, to honor his grandfather Ezekiel Polk, a colonel in the Revolutionary War and an early settler of western Tennessee.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 642 square miles (1,660 km2), of which 636 square miles (1,650 km2) is land and 6.9 square miles (18 km2) (1.1%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • MO-13.svg Route 13
  • MO-32.svg Route 32
  • MO-83.svg Route 83
  • MO-123.svg Route 123
  • MO-215.svg Route 215

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 8,449
1850 6,186 −26.8%
1860 9,995 61.6%
1870 12,445 24.5%
1880 15,734 26.4%
1890 20,339 29.3%
1900 23,255 14.3%
1910 21,561 −7.3%
1920 20,351 −5.6%
1930 17,803 −12.5%
1940 17,400 −2.3%
1950 16,062 −7.7%
1960 13,753 −14.4%
1970 15,415 12.1%
1980 18,822 22.1%
1990 21,826 16.0%
2000 26,992 23.7%
2010 31,137 15.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 26,992 people, 9,917 households, and 7,140 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km2). There were 11,183 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.26% White, 0.45% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Approximately 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,917 households, out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.70% under the age of 18, 12.60% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,656, and the median income for a family was $35,843. Males had a median income of $25,383 versus $18,799 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,645. About 11.10% of families and 16.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.00% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Polk County is divided into 22 townships:

  • Campbell Township
  • Cliquot Township
  • East Looney Township
  • East Madison Township
  • Flemington Township
  • Jackson Township
  • Jefferson Township
  • Johnson Township
  • McKinley Township
  • Mooney Township
  • North Benton Township
  • North Green Township
  • Northeast Marion Township
  • Northwest Marion Township
  • South Benton Township
  • South Green Township
  • Southeast Marion Township
  • Southwest Marion Township
  • Union Township
  • West Looney Township
  • West Madison Township
  • Wishart Township

Education

Public libraries

  • Polk County Public Library
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