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Red Cloud
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Red Cloud in 1880
Maȟpíya Lúta

Died December 10, 1909(1909-12-10) (aged 86–87)
Resting place Red Cloud Cemetery, Pine Ridge
Nationality Oglala Lakota
Known for Red Cloud's War
Most photographed American Indian of the nineteenth century
Title Tribal chief
Successor Jack Red Cloud
Spouse(s) Pretty Owl (Mary Good Road)
Children Wears War Bonnet Red Cloud (1850–?)
Louise Red Cloud (1854–?)
Jack Red Cloud (1858–1928)
Tells Him Red Cloud (1860–?)
Charges At Red Cloud (1861–?)
Comes Back Red Cloud (1865–?)
Parent(s) Walks As She Thinks, Lone Man

Red Cloud (Lakota: Maȟpíya Lúta) (born 1822 – December 10, 1909) was one of the most important leaders of the Oglala Lakota from 1868 to 1909. He was one of the most capable Native American opponents that the United States Army faced in its mission to occupy the western territories, defeating the United States during Red Cloud's War, which was a fight over control of the Powder River Country in northeastern Wyoming and southern Montana. The largest action of the war was the Fetterman Fight, with 81 U.S soldiers killed, and was the worst military defeat suffered by the United States Army on the Great Plains until the Battle of the Little Bighorn ten years later.

After signing the Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868), Red Cloud led his people in the important transition to reservation life. Some of his opponents mistakenly thought of him as the overall leader of the Sioux groups (Dakota, Lakota, and Nakota), but the large tribe had several major divisions and was highly decentralized. Bands among the Oglala and other divisions operated independently, even though some individual leaders were renowned as warriors and highly respected as leaders, such as Red Cloud.

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