Republic County, Kansas facts for kids

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Coordinates: 39°48′N 97°38′W / 39.8°N 97.633°W / 39.8; -97.633

Republic County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Republic County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 27, 1860
Seat Belleville
Largest City Belleville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

720.31 sq mi (1,866 km²)
716.38 sq mi (1,855 km²)
3.93 sq mi (10 km²), 0.55%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

4,980
7.2/sq mi (3/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Republican River
RepublicanRiver1947
June 24, 1947 flood of the Republican River on the border of Jewell County, Kansas and Republic County, Kansas near Hardy, Nebraska and Webber, Kansas, just south of Nebraska NE-8 on Kansas 1 Rd/CR-1 bridge over the Republican River. The normal flood stage for the river is at the tree line in the foreground.

Republic County (standard abbreviation: RP) is a county located in the state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 4,980. The largest city and county seat is Belleville. It is south from the Nebraska state line.

History

Stouffer's Railroad Map of Kansas 1915-1918 Republic County
1915 railroad map of Republic County

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1860, Republic County was established. Republic County was first settled around 1860 by Daniel and Conrad Myers. The territory was principally inhabited by Pawnees, Iowas, and Otoes who peaceable greeted the incoming settlers, who were mostly farmers. By 1868, Republic County was holding elections.

In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) to Superior, Nebraska. This branch line connected Strong City, Neva, Rockland, Diamond Springs, Burdick, Lost Springs, Jacobs, Hope, Navarre, Enterprise, Abilene, Talmage, Manchester, Longford, Oak Hill, Miltonvale, Aurora, Huscher, Concordia, Kackley, Courtland, Webber, Superior. At some point, the line from Neva to Lost Springs was pulled but the right of way has not been abandoned. This branch line was originally called "Strong City and Superior line" but later the name was shortened to the "Strong City line". In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe".

During the late 19th century, Belleville became the urban center for the immigrants that were attracted to the surrounding areas, most notably from Sweden and Bohemia (now Czech Republic).

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 720.31 square miles (1,865.6 km2), of which 716.38 square miles (1,855.4 km2) (or 99.45%) is land and 3.93 square miles (10.2 km2) (or 0.55%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

USA Republic County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid
Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,281
1880 14,913 1,064.2%
1890 19,002 27.4%
1900 18,248 −4.0%
1910 17,447 −4.4%
1920 15,855 −9.1%
1930 14,745 −7.0%
1940 13,124 −11.0%
1950 11,478 −12.5%
1960 9,768 −14.9%
1970 8,498 −13.0%
1980 7,569 −10.9%
1990 6,482 −14.4%
2000 5,835 −10.0%
2010 4,980 −14.7%
Est. 2015 4,725 −5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,835 people, 2,557 households, and 1,685 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,113 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.56% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 0.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.1% were of German, 13.6% Swedish, 12.4% Czech, 9.2% English, 9.0% Irish and 8.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 2,557 households out of which 25.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 4.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.10% were non-families. 31.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 4.50% from 18 to 24, 22.10% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 26.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,494, and the median income for a family was $39,215. Males had a median income of $25,260 versus $17,274 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,433. About 6.00% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.40% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Republic Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT map of Republic County (map legend)

Incorporated cities

Unincorporated cities

Ghost town

Townships

Republic County is divided into twenty townships. The city of Belleville is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Albion 00900 174 2 (5) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 39°57′35″N 97°25′29″W / 39.95972°N 97.42472°W / 39.95972; -97.42472
Beaver 05150 137 2 (4) 91 (35) 3 (1) 3.04% 39°42′17″N 97°51′59″W / 39.70472°N 97.86639°W / 39.70472; -97.86639
Belleville 05625 231 3 (7) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0.11% 39°47′14″N 97°38′35″W / 39.78722°N 97.64306°W / 39.78722; -97.64306
Big Bend 06550 242 3 (7) 92 (35) 1 (0) 1.39% 39°57′0″N 97°50′53″W / 39.95°N 97.84806°W / 39.95; -97.84806
Courtland 16050 450 5 (12) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°46′56″N 97°52′51″W / 39.78222°N 97.88083°W / 39.78222; -97.88083
Elk Creek 20275 175 2 (5) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.15% 39°42′16″N 97°25′41″W / 39.70444°N 97.42806°W / 39.70444; -97.42806
Fairview 22575 155 2 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.49% 39°52′50″N 97°31′54″W / 39.88056°N 97.53167°W / 39.88056; -97.53167
Farmington 23200 81 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.20% 39°52′20″N 97°25′24″W / 39.87222°N 97.42333°W / 39.87222; -97.42333
Freedom 24675 186 2 (5) 90 (35) 0 (0) 0.28% 39°51′31″N 97°38′26″W / 39.85861°N 97.64056°W / 39.85861; -97.64056
Grant 28050 77 1 (2) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.15% 39°42′5″N 97°32′31″W / 39.70139°N 97.54194°W / 39.70139; -97.54194
Jefferson 35325 107 1 (3) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°47′29″N 97°32′33″W / 39.79139°N 97.5425°W / 39.79139; -97.5425
Liberty 40325 52 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.19% 39°57′2″N 97°38′30″W / 39.95056°N 97.64167°W / 39.95056; -97.64167
Lincoln 41075 103 1 (3) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.09% 39°41′58″N 97°38′57″W / 39.69944°N 97.64917°W / 39.69944; -97.64917
Norway 51575 163 2 (5) 92 (36) 1 (0) 1.19% 39°42′17″N 97°46′9″W / 39.70472°N 97.76917°W / 39.70472; -97.76917
Richland 59575 318 3 (9) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.11% 39°47′30″N 97°26′4″W / 39.79167°N 97.43444°W / 39.79167; -97.43444
Rose Creek 61200 170 2 (5) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.44% 39°57′27″N 97°32′13″W / 39.9575°N 97.53694°W / 39.9575; -97.53694
Scandia 63375 541 6 (15) 92 (36) 1 (0) 1.23% 39°47′28″N 97°46′27″W / 39.79111°N 97.77417°W / 39.79111; -97.77417
Union 72300 51 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.18% 39°52′0″N 97°46′5″W / 39.866667°N 97.76806°W / 39.866667; -97.76806
Washington 75700 95 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.24% 39°57′57″N 97°45′14″W / 39.96583°N 97.75389°W / 39.96583; -97.75389
White Rock 77975 88 1 (2) 92 (36) 1 (0) 1.09% 39°52′34″N 97°51′54″W / 39.87611°N 97.865°W / 39.87611; -97.865

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