Washington County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 39°48′N 97°06′W / 39.8°N 97.1°W / 39.8; -97.1

Washington County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 20, 1857
Seat Washington
Largest City Washington
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

899 sq mi (2,328 km²)
895 sq mi (2,318 km²)
3.9 sq mi (10 km²), 0.4%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

5,799
6.5/sq mi (3/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: George Washington

Washington County (standard abbreviation: WS) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 5,799. Its county seat and largest city is Washington.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1857, Washington County was established.

21st century

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed north to south through Washington County, with much controversy over tax exemption and environmental concerns (if a leak ever does occur).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 895 square miles (2,320 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 383
1870 4,081 965.5%
1880 14,910 265.4%
1890 22,894 53.5%
1900 21,963 −4.1%
1910 20,229 −7.9%
1920 17,984 −11.1%
1930 17,112 −4.8%
1940 15,921 −7.0%
1950 12,977 −18.5%
1960 10,739 −17.2%
1970 9,249 −13.9%
1980 8,543 −7.6%
1990 7,073 −17.2%
2000 6,483 −8.3%
2010 5,799 −10.6%
Est. 2015 5,598 −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Washington County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,483 people, 2,673 households, and 1,780 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,142 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.90% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,673 households out of which 26.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 4.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 31.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 25.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 100.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,363, and the median income for a family was $37,260. Males had a median income of $25,074 versus $18,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,515. About 7.30% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 12.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Washington Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Washington County from KDOT (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated community

Townships

Washington County is divided into twenty-five townships. The city of Washington is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Barnes 04275 233 3 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°41′59″N 96°51′41″W / 39.69972°N 96.86139°W / 39.69972; -96.86139
Brantford 08250 91 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°42′0″N 97°19′19″W / 39.7°N 97.32194°W / 39.7; -97.32194
Charleston 12625 99 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°52′36″N 96°58′54″W / 39.87667°N 96.98167°W / 39.87667; -96.98167
Clifton 14225 459 5 (13) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°35′19″N 97°18′11″W / 39.58861°N 97.30306°W / 39.58861; -97.30306
Coleman 14750 64 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°46′39″N 97°11′24″W / 39.7775°N 97.19°W / 39.7775; -97.19
Farmington 23275 192 2 (5) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°51′52″N 97°6′1″W / 39.86444°N 97.10028°W / 39.86444; -97.10028
Franklin 24525 139 2 (4) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.24% 39°57′33″N 96°59′20″W / 39.95917°N 96.98889°W / 39.95917; -96.98889
Grant 28175 25 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°46′24″N 97°19′21″W / 39.77333°N 97.3225°W / 39.77333; -97.3225
Greenleaf 28650 450 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°42′33″N 96°59′5″W / 39.70917°N 96.98472°W / 39.70917; -96.98472
Haddam 29425 246 3 (7) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°51′51″N 97°18′28″W / 39.86417°N 97.30778°W / 39.86417; -97.30778
Hanover 29900 884 9 (25) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°52′54″N 96°52′10″W / 39.88167°N 96.86944°W / 39.88167; -96.86944
Highland 32025 22 0 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.45% 39°57′16″N 97°5′30″W / 39.95444°N 97.09167°W / 39.95444; -97.09167
Independence 33950 169 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°57′28″N 96°51′50″W / 39.95778°N 96.86389°W / 39.95778; -96.86389
Kimeo 36850 75 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°36′11″N 96°57′57″W / 39.60306°N 96.96583°W / 39.60306; -96.96583
Lincoln 41250 84 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°37′2″N 96°51′12″W / 39.61722°N 96.85333°W / 39.61722; -96.85333
Linn 41450 599 6 (17) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°41′5″N 97°5′16″W / 39.68472°N 97.08778°W / 39.68472; -97.08778
Little Blue 41500 93 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.09% 39°46′38″N 96°51′59″W / 39.77722°N 96.86639°W / 39.77722; -96.86639
Logan 42300 109 1 (3) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°47′11″N 96°57′56″W / 39.78639°N 96.96556°W / 39.78639; -96.96556
Lowe 43025 76 1 (2) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°57′29″N 97°12′5″W / 39.95806°N 97.20139°W / 39.95806; -97.20139
Mill Creek 46750 274 3 (8) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°52′4″N 97°11′20″W / 39.86778°N 97.18889°W / 39.86778; -97.18889
Sheridan 64775 119 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°37′3″N 97°11′19″W / 39.6175°N 97.18861°W / 39.6175; -97.18861
Sherman 65125 249 3 (7) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°37′2″N 97°6′3″W / 39.61722°N 97.10083°W / 39.61722; -97.10083
Strawberry 68550 130 1 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°41′32″N 97°12′30″W / 39.69222°N 97.20833°W / 39.69222; -97.20833
Union 72475 161 2 (5) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°57′58″N 97°19′30″W / 39.96611°N 97.325°W / 39.96611; -97.325
Washington 75850 218 2 (6) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°47′12″N 97°4′38″W / 39.78667°N 97.07722°W / 39.78667; -97.07722

Washington County, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.