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Richmond County, North Carolina facts for kids

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Richmond County
Richmond County Courthouse in Rockingham
Richmond County Courthouse in Rockingham
Map of North Carolina highlighting Richmond County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  North Carolina
Founded 1779
Named for Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond and Lennox
Seat Rockingham
Largest city Rockingham
 • Total 480 sq mi (1,200 km2)
 • Land 474 sq mi (1,230 km2)
 • Water 6.1 sq mi (16 km2)  1.3%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 90.1/sq mi (34.8/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 8th, 9th

Richmond County is a county located on the central southern border of the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 42,946. Its county seat is Rockingham. Richmond County comprises the Rockingham, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area. The Hamlet-Rockingham metropolitan area has a population of 22,579.


The county was formed in 1779 from Anson County. It was named for Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond and Lennox who was an Englishman and a member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom who sided with the colonists in America during the American Revolution.

In 1899 the southeastern part of Richmond County became Scotland County.

Kader Keaton, a colonial American officer in the American Revolutionary War, was a founder of Anglo-American settlement in Richmond County.


The city of Hamlet in the southeastern sector of Richmond County is known for its railway history. Prior to the turn of the 20th century, the Seaboard Air Line Railroad moved to Hamlet, helping the town become a crossroads for rail spurs extending from Florida to New York and all points east and west. In 1900, the SAL Railroad constructed the Hamlet Historical Depot Seaboard Air Line Passenger Depot, a Victorian architecture train station which is one of the most photographed train stations in the eastern United States. The depot was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971 and was fully restored in 2004. In 2009, the city of Hamlet dedicated a new building to the Tornado steam engine locomotive—the first one in the State of North Carolina. The original locomotive was built in 1839 by D.J. Burr & Associates of Richmond, Virginia. It was briefly captured by Federal forces during the American Civil War before being repatriated. In 1892, the Tornado was featured in the Great Centennial Celebration of Raleigh, NC. Hamlet is also home to the National Railroad Museum and Hall of Fame, a striking collection of artifacts from the Seaboard Air Line Railroad spanning decades of time.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 480 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 474 square miles (1,230 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (1.3%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-73
  • I-74
  • US 1
  • US 74
  • US 220
  • NC 38
  • NC 73
  • NC 109
  • NC 177
  • NC 381

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge (part)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 5,053
1800 5,623 11.3%
1810 6,695 19.1%
1820 7,537 12.6%
1830 9,396 24.7%
1840 8,909 −5.2%
1850 9,818 10.2%
1860 11,009 12.1%
1870 12,882 17.0%
1880 18,245 41.6%
1890 23,948 31.3%
1900 15,855 −33.8%
1910 19,673 24.1%
1920 25,567 30.0%
1930 34,016 33.0%
1940 36,810 8.2%
1950 39,597 7.6%
1960 39,202 −1.0%
1970 39,889 1.8%
1980 45,481 14.0%
1990 44,518 −2.1%
2000 46,564 4.6%
2010 46,639 0.2%
2020 42,946 −7.9%
2021 (est.) 42,724 −8.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2020 census

Richmond County racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 23,610 54.98%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 12,770 29.74%
Native American 994 2.31%
Asian 360 0.84%
Pacific Islander 7 0.02%
Other/Mixed 2,133 4.97%
Hispanic or Latino 3,072 7.15%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 42,946 people, 18,380 households, and 11,783 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 46,564 people, 17,873 households, and 12,582 families residing in the county. The population density was 98 people per square mile (38/km2). There were 19,886 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 56.5% White, 31.70% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 2.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. 5.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,873 households, out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.30% were married couples living together, 17.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.80% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,830, and the median income for a family was $35,226. Males had a median income of $27,308 versus $20,453 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,485. About 15.90% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.70% of those under age 18 and 18.90% of those age 65 or over.



Richmond County is well known for its history in racing, with the advent of the Rockingham Speedway which opened in 1965. Until 2005, this one-mile race track featured bi-annual NASCAR-sanctioned events in the Sprint Cup and Nationwide Series divisions. Presently, the race track hosts several other events hosted by sanctioning bodies including ARCA, USAR Pro Cup, and UARA Late Models. Rockingham also includes a weekly scheduled series of events for Bandolero and Legends race car classes at the 1/2 mile infield track dubbed the "Little Rock". Richmond County also hosts lawnmower races. Each weekend from April–October, the Lion's Club of Ellerbe puts on a weekly show, attracting fans and competitors from surrounding counties and states.

The County is also host to Rockingham Dragway, an International Hot Rod Association-sanctioned drag strip, which hosts over 90 drag racing events per year.


Richmond County also has notable options for both fishing and hunting. Richmond County is home to the Sandhills Game Lands and the Pee Dee Wildlife Refuge, where activities such as hiking, biking, horseback riding, boating, and hunting are available to the public. Popular hunting game include deer, turkey, quail, and fox squirrels. Blewett Falls Reservoir is the largest lake in the county, offering fishing opportunities for Big Blue and Flathead Catfish as well as Striped Bass and Shad. Rockingham is working on developing a 10-mile "Blue Trail" for paddling and canoeing along Hitchcock Creek and a four-mile stretch of the Pee Dee River, with camping allowed at the final portage point - Diggs Tract.


Map of Richmond County North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Richmond County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels



Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


  • Steeles
  • Mineral Springs
  • Beaverdam
  • Mark's Creek
  • Wolf Pit
  • Rockingham
  • Blackjack


Elementary Schools

  • East Rockingham Elementary
  • West Rockingham Elementary
  • L.J Bell Elementary
  • Washington Street Elementary
  • Fairview Heights Elementary
  • Monroe Avenue Elementary
  • Mineral Springs Elementary

Middle Schools

  • Cordova Middle School
  • Rockingham Middle School
  • Hamlet Middle School
  • Ellerbe Middle School

High Schools

  • Ninth Grade Academy (9th grade county wide)
  • Richmond Senior High School (10-12)
  • Ashley Chapel Education Center (7-12)
  • Richmond Early College - (9-12)

Community College

  • Richmond Community College.

Notable people

  • Wayne Goodwin, politician and government official
  • Henry Frye, former member of the state legislature, former state supreme court chief justice
  • Leon Levine, founder of Family Dollar
  • John Coltrane, jazz saxophonist
  • Cameron A. Morrison, North Carolina governor, senator, mayor
  • Terius Youngdell Nash, singer-songwriter and record producer
  • Bucky Covington, country singer
  • Dannell Ellerbe, NFL player
  • Melvin Ingram, NFL player

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Richmond (Carolina del Norte) para niños

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