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St. Martinville, Louisiana facts for kids

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Saint Martinville, Louisiana
City of Saint Martinville
Main Street
Main Street
Petit Paris (Little Paris)
Location within St. Martin Parish, Louisiana
Location within St. Martin Parish, Louisiana
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish St. Martin
 • Total 3.16 sq mi (8.18 km2)
 • Land 3.05 sq mi (7.90 km2)
 • Water 0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)
23 ft (7 m)
 • Total 5,379
 • Density 1,762.45/sq mi (680.56/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 337
FIPS code 22-67600

St. Martinville (French: Saint-Martin) is a city in, and the parish seat of, St. Martin Parish, Louisiana, United States. It lies on Bayou Teche, 13 miles (21 km) south of Breaux Bridge, 16 miles (26 km) southeast of Lafayette, and 9 miles (14 km) north of New Iberia. The population was 6,114 at the 2010 U.S. census, and 5,379 at the 2020 United States census. It is part of the Lafayette metropolitan statistical area.


The economy of St. Martinville is fueled by agriculture and tourism. Agricultural production mainly yields crops of crawfish and sugar cane. The latter was a major commodity crop before the American Civil War, when it was dependent on enslaved labor. It has continued to be important.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 652
1870 1,190
1880 1,606 35.0%
1890 1,814 13.0%
1900 1,926 6.2%
1910 2,318 20.4%
1920 2,465 6.3%
1930 2,455 −0.4%
1940 3,501 42.6%
1950 4,614 31.8%
1960 6,468 40.2%
1970 7,153 10.6%
1980 7,965 11.4%
1990 7,137 −10.4%
2000 6,989 −2.1%
2010 6,114 −12.5%
2020 5,379 −12.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
St. Martinville racial composition as of 2020
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 1,853 34.45%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,240 60.23%
Native American 14 0.26%
Asian 19 0.35%
Other/Mixed 145 2.7%
Hispanic or Latino 108 2.01%

At the 2020 United States census, there were 5,379 people, 2,567 households, and 1,366 families residing in the city. At the 2010 United States census, there were 6,114 people, 2,320 households, and 1,533 families residing in the city.

According to the 2019 American Community Survey, the racial and ethnic makeup was 63.0% Black and African American, 32.8% non-Hispanic white, 0.4% Asian, 2.3% two or more races, and 1.5% Hispanic and Latin American of any race. In 2010, the racial makeup of the city was 35.3% White, 62.7% Black and African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races; Hispanic or Latin Americans of any race were 1.4% of the population. In 2005, 81.1% of the population over the age of five spoke only English at home, 15.9% of the population spoke French, and 2.7% spoke Louisiana Creole French.

At the 2010 U.S. census, there were 2,320 households, out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.5% were married couples living together, 28.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.13. In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.9% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 20 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.7 males. By the 2019 census estimates, the population was spread throughout 3,120 housing units and the median age was 47.5; 5.6% of the population were aged 5 and under, and 79.6% were aged 18 and older; 22.4% were aged 65 and older.

In 2019, the median household income was $25,520 and 28.2% of its population lived at or below the poverty line. Males had a median income of $30,505 versus $27,167 for females. In 2010, the median income for a household in the city was $24,246 and the median income for a family was $33,009. Males had a median income of $30,710 versus $33,455 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,835. About 24.6% of families and 29.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.2% of those under age 18 and 16.2% of those age 65 or over.


Public schools in St. Martin Parish are operated by the St. Martin Parish School Board. The city of St. Martinville is zoned to the Early Learning Center (Grades PK-1), St. Martinville Primary School (Grades 1-5), St. Martinville Junior High School (Grades 6-8) and St. Martinville Senior High School (Grades 9-12). The Evangeline campus of Louisiana Technical College is located in St. Martinville.

Notable people

  • Calvin Borel, jockey, three-time Kentucky Derby winner.
  • Jefferson J. DeBlanc, World War II ace fighter pilot and Medal of Honor recipient. Resided in St. Martinville and is buried in the town's Catholic cemetery.
  • Early Doucet, wide receiver for the LSU Fighting Tigers (2004–2008) and the Arizona Cardinals (2008–2012).
  • Charles Fuselier, sheriff of St. Martin Parish, 1980–2003; "National Sheriff of the Year" in 1996.
  • Paul Jude Hardy, first Republican to be elected Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana (1988–1992).
  • Jay Hebert, professional golfer, 1960 PGA Championship winner.
  • Jeff Landry, Republican congressman for the Third Congressional District (2011–2013) and Attorney General of Louisiana (2016–).
  • Darrel Mitchell, professional basketball player.
  • Fred H. Mills, Jr., Republican state representative for St. Martin Parish.
  • Nathan Williams, zydeco accordionist and singer.
  • Willie Francis, survived the electric chair at age 17.

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See also

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