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Thomas County, Georgia facts for kids

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Thomas County
Former Thomas County Courthouse in Thomasville
Former Thomas County Courthouse in Thomasville
Map of Georgia highlighting Thomas County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded December 23, 1825; 198 years ago (1825)
Named for Jett Thomas
Seat Thomasville
Largest city Thomasville
Area
 • Total 552 sq mi (1,430 km2)
 • Land 545 sq mi (1,410 km2)
 • Water 7.6 sq mi (20 km2)  1.4%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
44,448
 • Density 82/sq mi (32/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 8th

Thomas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census the population was 44,720. The county seat is Thomasville.

Thomas County comprises the Thomasville, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Thomas County was created by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on December 24, 1825, from portions of Decatur and Irwin counties. Colquitt (1856), Brooks (1858), and Grady (1905) counties all were formed partially from lands within Thomas County's original borders.

The county is named for Jett Thomas, officer in the War of 1812 who is also known for overseeing the construction of the first building at the University of Georgia (originally referred to as Franklin College and known today as Old College) as well as the state capitol at Milledgeville.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 552 square miles (1,430 km2), of which 545 square miles (1,410 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (1.4%) is water.

The northwestern half of Thomas County, bordered by U.S. Route 319 southwest of Thomasville, and a line that ends up bisecting the distance between Coolidge and Pavo in the northeast, is located in the Upper Ochlockonee River sub-basin of the larger Ochlockonee River basin. The northeastern edge of the county, from north of Pavo to Boston, is located in the Withlacoochee River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin. The southeastern portion of Thomas County, running southeast from Thomasville, is located in the Aucilla River sub-basin of the larger Aucilla-Waccasassa basin. Almost all of the southwestern portion of the county is located in the Apalachee Bay-St, Marks sub-basin of the Ochlockonee River basin, with the exception of the tiny southwestern-most corner, which is located in the Lower Ochlockonee River sub-basin of the same Ochlockonee River basin.

The Aucilla River rises in Thomas County. The Red Hills Region is centered on Thomas County.

Major highways

  • US 19.svg U.S. Route 19
  • US 84.svg U.S. Route 84
  • Business plate.svg
    US 84.svg U.S. Route 84 Business
  • US 319.svg U.S. Route 319
  • Georgia 3.svg State Route 3
  • Georgia 3 Alternate.svg State Route 3 Alternate
  • Georgia 33.svg State Route 33
  • Georgia 35.svg State Route 35
  • Georgia 35 Connector.svg State Route 35 Connector
  • Georgia 38.svg State Route 38
  • Georgia 38 Business.svg State Route 38 Business
  • Georgia 111.svg State Route 111
  • Georgia 122.svg State Route 122
  • Georgia 188.svg State Route 188
  • Georgia 202.svg State Route 202
  • Georgia 300.svg State Route 300

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 3,299
1840 6,766 105.1%
1850 10,103 49.3%
1860 10,766 6.6%
1870 14,523 34.9%
1880 20,597 41.8%
1890 26,154 27.0%
1900 31,076 18.8%
1910 29,071 −6.5%
1920 33,044 13.7%
1930 32,612 −1.3%
1940 31,289 −4.1%
1950 33,932 8.4%
1960 34,319 1.1%
1970 34,515 0.6%
1980 38,098 10.4%
1990 38,986 2.3%
2000 42,737 9.6%
2010 44,720 4.6%
2018 (est.) 44,448 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 44,720 people, 17,573 households, and 11,999 families living in the county. The population density was 82.1 inhabitants per square mile (31.7/km2). There were 20,177 housing units at an average density of 37.0 per square mile (14.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 59.6% white, 36.9% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 15.5% were American, 9.0% were English, 8.2% were Irish, and 6.4% were German.

Of the 17,573 households, 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families, and 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 39.6 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,797 and the median income for a family was $46,333. Males had a median income of $38,520 versus $27,085 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,261. About 17.1% of families and 22.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.2% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Thomas County Racial Composition
Race Num. Perc.
White 25,994 56.76%
Black or African American 16,259 35.5%
Native American 150 0.33%
Asian 406 0.89%
Pacific Islander 9 0.02%
Other/Mixed 1,403 3.06%
Hispanic or Latino 1,577 3.44%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 45,798 people, 17,595 households, and 12,161 families residing in the county.

Communities

Cities

Town

Unincorporated community

Education

  • Thomas University
  • Southern Regional Technical College
  • Thomasville City School District
  • Thomas County School District
Black History Month on Kiddle
African-American activists
Mary McLeod Bethune
Alberta Odell Jones
Audre Lorde
John Berry Meachum
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