Leon County, Florida facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Leon County, Florida
Seal of Leon County, Florida
Map
Map of Florida highlighting Leon County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the USA highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 29, 1824
Seat Tallahassee
Largest City Tallahassee
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

702 sq mi (1,818 km²)
667 sq mi (1,728 km²)
35 sq mi (91 km²), 5.0%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

286,272
413/sq mi (159.51/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://www.leoncountyfl.gov/
Named for: Juan Ponce de León
County flag Flag of Leon County, Florida

Leon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 275,487. The county seat is Tallahassee, which also serves as the state capital. The county is named after the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León.

Leon County is included in the Tallahassee, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Tallahassee is home to two of Florida's major public universities, Florida State University and Florida A&M University. Leon County residents have the highest average level of education among Florida's 67 counties.

History

Originally part of Escambia and later Gadsden County, Leon County was created in 1824. It was named after Juan Ponce de León, the Spanish explorer who was the first European to reach Florida. During the 1850s and 1860s, Leon County was a "cotton kingdom" and ranked fifth of all Florida and Georgia counties in the production of cotton from the 20 major plantations. Unique among Confederate capitals east of the Mississippi River in the American Civil War, Tallahassee was never captured by Union forces, and no Union soldiers set foot in Leon County until Reconstruction.

Also see Plantations of Leon County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 702 square miles (1,820 km2), of which 667 square miles (1,730 km2) are land and 35 square miles (91 km2) (5.0%) are water. Unlike much of Florida, most of Leon County has rolling hills, part of north Florida's Red Hills Region. The highest point is 280 feet (85 m), located in the northern part of the county.

National protected area

  • Apalachicola National Forest (part)

Bodies of water

  • Lake Miccosukee
  • Black Creek
  • Lake Bradford
  • Lake Ella
  • Lake Hall
  • Lake Iamonia
  • Lake Jackson
  • Lake Lafayette
  • Lake Talquin
  • Ochlockonee River
  • Lake Munson

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Airports

  • Tallahassee Commercial Airport
  • Tallahassee International Airport

Major highways

See also: List of county roads in Leon County, Florida
Leon County FL sign SR20
The sign for Leon County on State Road 20
  • I-10.svgFlorida 8.svg Interstate 10 / State Road 8
  • US 27.svg U.S. Highway 27
  • US 90.svg U.S. Highway 90
  • US 319.svg U.S. Highway 319
  • Florida 20.svg State Road 20
  • Florida 61.svg State Road 61
  • Florida 155.svg State Road 155
  • Florida 263.svg State Road 263
  • Florida 267.svg State Road 267
  • Florida 363.svg State Road 363

Geology

Leon County Florida geological
Geological make-up of Leon County.

Leon County sits atop basement rock composed of basalts of the Triassic and Jurassic from ~251—145 million years ago interlayered with Mesozoic sedimentary rocks. The layers above the basement are carbonate rock created from dying foraminifera, bryozoa, mollusks, and corals from as early as the Paleocene, a period of ~66—55.8 Ma.

During the Eocene (~55.8—33.9 Ma) and Oligocene (~33.9—23 Ma), the Appalachian Mountains began to uplift and the erosion rate increased enough to fill the Gulf Trough with quartz sands, silts, and clays via rivers and streams. The first sedimentation layer in Leon County is the Oligocene Suwannee Limestone in the southeastern part of the county as stated by the United States Geological Survey and Florida Geological Survey.

The Early Miocene (~23.03—15.7 Ma) sedimentation in Leon County is Hawthorn Group, Torreya Formation and St. Marks Formation and found in the northern two-thirds of the county.

The Pliocene (~5.332—2.588 Ma) is represented by the Miccosukee Formation scattered within the Torreya Formation.

Sediments were laid down from the Pleistocene epoch (~2.588 million—12 000 years ago) through Holocene epoch (~12,000—present) and are designated Beach ridge and trail and undifferentiated sediments.

Terraces and shorelines

During the Pleistocene, what would be Leon County emerged and submerged with each glacial and interglacial period. Interglacials created the topography of Leon as it is known now.

Also See Leon County Pleistocene coastal terraces

Also see: Florida Platform and Lithostratigraphy

Geologic formations

  • Red Hills Region (North)
  • Cody Scarp (central)
  • Woodville Karst Plain (South)

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 10,713
1850 11,442 6.8%
1860 12,343 7.9%
1870 15,236 23.4%
1880 19,662 29.0%
1890 17,752 −9.7%
1900 19,887 12.0%
1910 19,427 −2.3%
1920 18,059 −7.0%
1930 23,476 30.0%
1940 31,646 34.8%
1950 51,590 63.0%
1960 74,225 43.9%
1970 103,047 38.8%
1980 148,655 44.3%
1990 192,493 29.5%
2000 239,452 24.4%
2010 275,487 15.0%
Est. 2015 286,272 19.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

Race

As of the census of 2010, there were 275,487 people, and 108,592 households residing in the county. The population density was 413.2 people per square mile (159.5/km²). There were 123,423 housing units at an average density of 185 per square mile (71.4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 63.0% White, 30.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.2% from two or more races. 5.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Age

There were 108,592 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.8% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 26.3% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27.8 years. For every 100 females there were 91.57 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.03 males.

Education

The adult citizens of Leon County enjoy the highest level of education in the state of Florida followed by Alachua County with a total of 67.8%.

Level of Education
Level Leon Co. Florida U.S.

Some college or associate degree 28.5% 28.8% 27.4%
Bachelor's Degree 24.0% 14.3% 15.5%
Master's or Ph. D. 17.7% 8.1% 8.9%
Total 70.2% 51.2% 51.8%

Source of above:

Income

The median income for a household in the county was $37,517, and the median income for a family was $52,962. Males had a median income of $35,235 versus $28,110 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,024. About 9.40% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

Accolades

Points of interest

  • Alfred P. Maclay Gardens State Park
  • Apalachicola National Forest
  • Birdsong Nature Center
  • Bradley's Country Store Complex
  • Florida State Capitol
  • Florida Supreme Court
  • Florida State Archives
  • Florida Vietnam War Memorial
  • Lake Jackson Mounds Archaeological State Park
  • Leon County Fairgrounds
  • Leon County's 5 canopy roads
  • Mission San Luis de Apalachee
  • Museum of Florida History
  • Old Fort Park
  • Tall Timbers Research Station
  • Tallahassee Antique Car Museum
  • Tallahassee Museum
  • Tallahassee-St. Marks Historic Railroad Trail State Park

Paleontology

Three sites within Leon County have yielded fossil remnants of the Miocene epoch. The article Leon County, Florida paleontological sites includes the Griscom Plantation Site, Seaboard Air Line Railroad Site, and Tallahassee Waterworks Site with fossils by genus and species.

Communities

City

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Defunct entity

Images for kids


Leon County, Florida Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.