Union County, Indiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts


Union County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Union County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1821
Seat Liberty
Largest town Liberty
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

165.18 sq mi (428 km²)
161.22 sq mi (418 km²)
3.95 sq mi (10 km²), 2.39%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

7,516
46/sq mi (18/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.unioncountyin.gov
Indiana county number 81
Liberty-indiana-from-above
Liberty from the air, looking east.

Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 7,516. The county seat is Liberty.

History

Union County was formed in 1821. It was so named because it is the product of a union of parts of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne counties. The first settlers were from Laurens District, South Carolina. John Templeton was the first settler to enter land at the Cincinnati land office in what would become Harmony Township, Union County Indiana. The first county seat was Brownsville, a small town located on the East Fork of the Whitewater River. The seat was moved in 1824 to Liberty, a central location. The primary industry of Union County was and is farming.

Union County is the birthplace of Thomas Warren Bennett, Mary Alice Smith (Little Orphan Annie), Cincinnatus Hiner "Joaquin" Miller, Jay Hall Connaway, Major General Frederick Leroy Martin and Ambrose Burnside.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 165.18 square miles (427.8 km2), of which 161.22 square miles (417.6 km2) (or 97.60%) is land and 3.95 square miles (10.2 km2) (or 2.39%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Cities and towns

Unincorporated

Townships

  • Brownsville
  • Center
  • Harmony
  • Harrison
  • Liberty
  • Union

Major highways

  • US 27.svg U.S. Route 27
  • Indiana 44.svg Indiana State Road 44
  • Indiana 101.svg Indiana State Road 101
  • Indiana 227.svg Indiana State Road 227

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Liberty, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3
 
36
17
 
 
2.7
 
42
20
 
 
3.8
 
53
29
 
 
4
 
64
38
 
 
4.9
 
74
48
 
 
4.1
 
83
58
 
 
4.3
 
87
62
 
 
3.9
 
85
60
 
 
2.7
 
79
52
 
 
3
 
67
40
 
 
3.7
 
53
32
 
 
3.3
 
41
23
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Liberty have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −31 °F (−35 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in September 1951. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.68 inches (68 mm) in September to 4.90 inches (124 mm) in May.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 7,944
1840 8,017 0.9%
1850 6,944 −13.4%
1860 7,109 2.4%
1870 6,341 −10.8%
1880 7,673 21.0%
1890 7,006 −8.7%
1900 6,748 −3.7%
1910 6,260 −7.2%
1920 6,021 −3.8%
1930 5,880 −2.3%
1940 6,017 2.3%
1950 6,412 6.6%
1960 6,457 0.7%
1970 6,582 1.9%
1980 6,860 4.2%
1990 6,976 1.7%
2000 7,349 5.3%
2010 7,516 2.3%
Est. 2015 7,182 −4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,516 people, 2,938 households, and 2,117 families residing in the county. The population density was 46.6 inhabitants per square mile (18.0/km2). There were 3,239 housing units at an average density of 20.1 per square mile (7.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.5% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.2% were German, 16.0% were Irish, 11.9% were English, and 11.6% were American.

Of the 2,938 households, 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.9% were non-families, and 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.99. The median age was 40.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $49,815. Males had a median income of $39,603 versus $27,394 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,243. About 8.2% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.


Union County, Indiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.