Woodside, California facts for kids
|Town of Woodside|
Downtown Woodside business district on Woodside Road
Location in San Mateo County and the state of California
|Incorporated||November 16, 1956|
|• Total||11.732 sq mi (30.386 km2)|
|• Land||11.732 sq mi (30.386 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||387 ft (118 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||5,481|
|• Density||450.65/sq mi (173.995/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1660202, 2413509|
Woodside is a small incorporated town in San Mateo County, California, United States, on the San Francisco Peninsula. It has a council–manager system of government. The population of the town was 5,287 at the 2010 census.
Woodside is home to many horses and is among the wealthiest communities in the United States. The median household income in the town is $212,917, and the median family income is $246,042.
History and culture
The Woodside area was originally home to natives belonging to the Ohlone tribe. In 1769, led by Gaspar de Portolá, Spanish explorers searching for San Francisco Bay camped at a site near Woodside.
Woodside is located on the Rancho Cañada de Raymundo Mexican Land grant. Woodside is said to be the oldest English-speaking settlement in the southern part of the San Francisco Peninsula. The first English-speaking settlers arrived in the early 19th century to log the rich stands of redwoods. Charles Brown constructed the first sawmill in Woodside on his Mountain Home Ranch around 1838. His adobe house, built in 1839, still stands today. By mid-century, the Woodside area had a dozen mills producing building materials for a booming San Francisco.
In 1849, during the California Gold Rush, 20-year-old Mathias Alfred Parkhurst purchased 127 acres (0.5 km2) of timberland and named it “Woodside"; of course, this name was kept. By the late 19th century, Woodside was home to country estates. The Sequoia Redwood trees in Woodside are currently 3 generation growth. The first generation of the Redwood trees were used to build San Francisco original homes. After the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, the lumberjacks returned to Woodside to cut the second growth of redwood so they could be used for the rebuilding of San Francisco.
In 1909, the Family, a private club, set up camp facilities and rustic buildings in Woodside at the Family Farm, a rural retreat used by club members for recreation. Gatherings at the Family Farm include an annual Farm Play, written and performed by members. In 1912, the Family pooled funds to build Our Lady of the Wayside Church in Portola Valley, designed by 19-year-old Timothy L. Pflueger, his first commission. The historic building was repaired at a cost of US$600,000 after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake.
Woodside was incorporated in 1956 to prevent urbanization, and it still retains a rural residential character, though it is a short commute to Silicon Valley.
Today, Woodside is among the wealthiest small towns in the United States.
The intentionally small business district includes: a few restaurants; a grocery store; a saloon; a hardware and horse tack store; a home and garden store; an Aveda hair salon; a cleaner; and a post office. Outside of the business district are the Stillheart Institute educational event center, Skywood Trading Post and the Mountain Terrace event center.
Town restaurants include the Michelin starred Village Pub, Buck's of Woodside restaurant, known among Silicon Valley entrepreneurs as the location where many VC investment deals have been signed and the Firehouse Bistro.
Horses are part of the local culture. Numerous residents keep horses, and the town government maintains a network of horse trails. Some resident's homes are even considered farms. The town is also popular among local cyclists and draws them in large numbers on weekends. The most popular road cycling routes include Old La Honda Road, King's Mountain Road, Cañada Road, Southgate Drive, Skyline Boulevard and Highway 84. The Tour of California bicycle race includes several roads along and adjacent to CA-84 and Skyline Boulevard.
Woodside is home to a number of open space preserves, including the Purisima Open Space (part of the Midpeninsula Regional Open Space), where both horseback riding and bicycling are allowed. For mountain biking, the famous Skeggs Point is located in Woodside along Skyline Boulevard.
The Woodside Fire District is a special district serving Woodside, Portola Valley and unincorporated areas including Ladera, Los Trancos Woods, Vista Verde, Emerald Lake, Menlo Park (Unincorporated) and the Skyline/State Route 35 area.
Dr. Carl Djerassi founded an artists' colony in the community in memory of his late daughter. The Djerassi Resident Artists Program is one of several Bay Area programs housing artists in an environment where they can be creative without worrying about how to pay the rent. Others include Villa Montalvo in Saratoga and Marin Headlands Center for the Arts north of San Francisco. It is adjacent to the campus of Stanford University, east of the town.
Geography and climate
Woodside is located at(37.420704, −122.259777).
Woodside is located on the San Francisco Peninsula, midway between San Jose and San Francisco, just north of Silicon Valley, in San Mateo County. The infamous San Andreas fault runs through town. This fault is a major source of earthquake activity in California, including the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.
Much of Woodside is wooded, with redwoods and Douglas fir dominating in the western hills and more oaks and eucalyptus in the lower areas. San Francisco Bay lies to the east, while Pacific Ocean beaches lie to the west. The Santa Cruz mountains separate Woodside from the ocean and extend down to Monterey Bay about forty miles south.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.7 square miles (30 km2), all land.
As is true of most of the California coastal areas, weather in Woodside is usually mild during most of the year. Summers are dry and can be hot; winter temperatures rarely dip much below freezing. Average January temperatures are a maximum of 60 °F (16 °C) and a minimum of 36 °F (2 °C). Average July temperatures are a maximum of 88 °F (31 °C) and a minimum of 51 °F (11 °C). Snowfall is extremely rare except in the nearby Santa Cruz Mountains, where several inches falls every several years. Annual precipitation averages 30.9 inches (785.4 millimeters) and falls on an average of 61 days annually.
The record maximum temperature was 114 °F (46 °C) on July 22, 2006, and the record minimum temperature was 17 °F (−8 °C) on February 6, 1989. Temperatures reach 90 °F (32 °C) or higher on an average of 48.4 days annually. Temperatures drop to freezing on an average of 10.0 days annually. The maximum rainfall in one year was 59.86 inches (1,520 mm) in 1983. The maximum rainfall in one month was 20.50 inches (521 mm) in December 2002 and the maximum in 24 hours was 4.64 inches (118 mm) on December 1, 2002. On February 5, 1976, 3.0 inches of snow fell at the fire station.
Hills and mountains between Woodside and the Pacific coast make fog much less prevalent than in nearby San Francisco. As well, during the summer, Woodside's climate is remarkably hotter than that of San Francisco.
Parks and environmental features
Woodside has a variety of habitat types including California oak woodland and riparian zones. There is considerable biodiversity present, Woodside being within the California Floristic Province. Notable species present include the rare and endangered species Acanthomintha duttonii, the San Mateo Thornmint. It is also home to Huddart County Park, which is accessible by authorized motor vehicles, pedestrians, and horses on Kings Mountain Road. The other vehicle accessible entrance is off of Kings Mountain Road, approximately halfway up the road from the point at which it starts to climb a narrow hill in the Coastal Range of California. This is accessible to the public, which can drive down Toyon road until further driving of unauthorized vehicles is unlawful, which is just after Sequoia Campground. Also, other than the main entrance, several entrances are accessible to pedestrians and horses only and are located along Kings Mountain Road.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Woodside had a population of 5,287. The population density was 450.6 people per square mile (174.0/km²). The racial makeup of Woodside was 4,717 (89.2%) White, 23 (0.4%) African American, 4 (0.1%) Native American, 332 (6.3%) Asian, 4 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 63 (1.2%) from other races, and 144 (2.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 243 persons (4.6%).
The Census reported that 5,287 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 1,977 households, out of which 643 (32.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,313 (66.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 124 (6.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 50 (2.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 54 (2.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 19 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 383 households (19.4%) were made up of individuals and 171 (8.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67. There were 1,487 families (75.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.01.
The population was spread out with 1,243 people (23.5%) under the age of 18, 244 people (4.6%) aged 18 to 24, 823 people (15.6%) aged 25 to 44, 1,909 people (36.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,068 people (20.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.8 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.
There were 2,157 housing units at an average density of 183.9 per square mile (71.0/km²), of which 1,721 (87.1%) were owner-occupied, and 256 (12.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.7%. 4,749 people (89.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 538 people (10.2%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,352 people, 1,949 households, and 1,516 families residing in the town. The population density was 455.1 people per square mile (175.7/km²). There were 2,030 housing units at an average density of 172.6 per square mile (66.6/km²).
There are 1,949 households, of which 31.6% have children under the age of 18. 68.8% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 32.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.
The median household income in the town is $212,917, and the median family income is $246,042. The per capita income for the town was $117,760. About 1.6% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.
Points of interest
The city is served by the Woodside Public Library of the San Mateo County Libraries, a member of the Peninsula Library System.
Woodside, California Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.