|State of Germany|
|• Total||35,751.46 km2 (13,803.72 sq mi)|
|• Density||301.45661/km2 (780.76904/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||DE-BW|
|GDP/ Nominal||€ 477/ $561 billion (2016)|
|GDP per capita||€ 42,000/ $49,400 (2015)|
Baden-Württemberg is a federal state in Germany. It has an area of 35 752 km² and nearly 11 million people. The capital is Stuttgart. The Minister President is Winfried Kretschmann of the (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen).
The federal state is in the southwest of Germany. It shares borders to the east with the state of Bavaria, to the north with the states of Hesse and Rhineland-Palatinate, to the west with the country of France (along the River Rhine) and to the south with the countries Switzerland and Austria.
The Minister President is the chief of the government of Baden-Württemberg. The government is made up of ministers and state secretaries.
The CDU was the main political party in the state between 1953-2011, the Ministers President have all been members of the CDU. Between the years 1972 and 1992, the members of the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg were mostly members of the CDU. But the state is also a stronghold of the "Grünen" which were founded in the early 1980s in Karlsruhe. The election results of the Grünen in Baden-Württemberg have always been above the election average for the party in Germany.
Since 2016 there have been 5 parties represented in the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg:
- Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- Alternative for Germany (AfD)
- Social Democratic Party (SPD)
- Free Democratic Party (FDP/DVP)
List of Ministers President since 1952:
|1952 - 1953||Reinhold Maier||DVP|
|1953 - 1958||Gebhard Müller||CDU|
|1958 - 1966||Kurt Georg Kiesinger||CDU|
|1966 - 1978||Hans Filbinger||CDU|
|1978 - 1991||Lothar Späth||CDU|
|1991 - 2005||Erwin Teufel||CDU|
|2005 - 2010||Günther Oettinger||CDU|
|2010 - 2011||Stefan Mappus||CDU|
|2011 - present||Winfried Kretschmann||Greens|
In the northern part of Württemberg and the Kurpfalz the majority are Protestants. But the other parts of the state, especially the south, the majority are Roman Catholics.
Number of Members in Baden-Württemberg:
|Roman Catholic||38,3 %||4,1 Mio.|
|Protestants||34,6 %||3,7 Mio.|
|Muslim||ca. 5,6%||ca. 600.000|
|Buddhists||ca. 0,23%||ca. 25.000|
|Hindus||ca. 0,14%||ca. 15.000|
|Jews||ca. 0,08%||ca. 9.000|
|Other faiths or none||21,4 %||2,25 Mio.|
Images for kids
The Black Forest as seen from the Belchen
Baden-Württemberg Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.