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Bayamón

Municipio Autónomo de Bayamón
Aerial view of Bayamón, with the Universidad Metropolitana spanning the highway
Aerial view of Bayamón, with the Universidad Metropolitana spanning the highway
Flag of Bayamón
Flag
Silver leaves around the inside perimeter of a heraldic shield, in the center a blue cross and five golden towers atop
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
"La Ciudad del Chicharrón" (The Porkrind City), "La Ciudad de Vaqueros" (The City of Cowboys), La Ciudad de las Ciencias ("The City of Science"), "La Ciudad del Tapón" (The City of Traffic Jams)
Motto(s): 
In Hoc Signo Vinces (Latin for: "By this sign you will conquer")
Anthem: "Bayamón, ciudad hermosa"
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Bayamón Municipality
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Bayamón Municipality
Commonwealth  Puerto Rico
Founded May 22, 1772
Barrios
Area
 • Total 44.53 sq mi (115.34 km2)
 • Land 44.38 sq mi (114.95 km2)
 • Water 0.15 sq mi (0.39 km2)
Elevation
52 ft (16 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 185,187
 • Density 4,158.42/sq mi (1,605.57/km2)
Time zone UTC-4 (AST)
ZIP Codes
00956, 00957, 00959, 00961, 00960, 00958
Area code(s) 787/939
Major routes PR urban primary 2.svg PR urban primary 6.svg PR urban primary 167.svg PR urban primary 174.svg PR urban primary 177.svg PR urban primary 199.svg Ellipse sign 28.svg Ellipse sign 29.svg Ellipse sign 168.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg Toll plate yellow.svg
PR primary 5.svg PR primary 22.svg
Website municipiodebayamon.com

Bayamón is a city, municipality of Puerto Rico and suburb of San Juan located in the northern coastal valley, north of Aguas Buenas and Comerío; south of Toa Baja and Cataño; west of Guaynabo; and east of Toa Alta and Naranjito. Bayamón is spread over 11 barrios and Bayamón Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area and the second most populous municipality in both the metropolitan area and Puerto Rico.

History

The Taíno people, the historic indigenous peoples who encountered European explorers and settlers, were the long time settlers in this area. The Spanish colonist Juan Ramírez de Arellano established Bayamón as a Spanish settlement on May 22, 1772. Two beliefs exist about the origin of name Bayamón. According to one belief it was named after the local Taíno chief, Bahamon. As per the other belief the name was derived from the Taíno word Bayamongo, which is a river that runs across this region. In turn implying that Bayamón is the area around this main river, which later on became the center of city's development.

In 1821, Marcos Xiorro, an ethnic African slave, planned to lead a revolt against the sugarcane plantation owners and the Spanish Colonial government in Puerto Rico. The slave conspiracy was revealed and suppressed, but Xiorro became a hero among the slaves. He is part of Puerto Rico's folklore. Marco Xiorro was owned by Vicente Andino, a militia captain who owned a sugarcane plantation in Bayamón.

Geography

The Municipality of Bayamón sits on the Northern Coastal Plain region of Puerto Rico. It is bordered by the municipalities of Toa Baja, Cataño, Comerío, Aguas Buenas, Toa Alta, Naranjito, and Guaynabo. Bayamón has a surface area of 43.5 square miles (113.1 km2). The terrain is mostly plain, but includes some peaks such as La Peña and Vergaras.

Bayamón is Puerto Rico's second-largest municipality and is part of the large metropolitan area centered on San Juan. Other cities included in the metropolitan area are Guaynabo, Cataño, Toa Baja, Canóvanas, Carolina and Trujillo Alto. Bayamón is served by the San Juan airport. Despite the city's size, it has no weather reporting station.

Water features

The rivers that pass through Bayamón include the Río Bayamón, Río Hondo, Río Minillas, Río Bucarabones and Río Cuesta Arriba.

Cityscape

Barrios

Bayamón is divided into twelve barrios, with the following populations:

  • Buena Vista (15,878)
  • Cerro Gordo (34,161)
  • Dajaos (2,691)
  • Guaraguao Abajo (8,494)
  • Guaraguao Arriba (1,681)
  • Hato Tejas (46,528)
  • Juan Sánchez (25,747)
  • Minillas (42,617)
  • Nuevo (2,394)
  • Pájaros (32,855)
  • Pueblo of Bayamón (5,336)
  • Santa Olaya (5,662)
  • Total (224,044)

Tourism

House of José Celso Barbosa
 House where Dr. José Celso Barbosa was born

Bayamón is the site of several notable Puerto Rican landmarks and places of interest. Bayamón Central Park is a public park where people gather and relax. Bayamon also hosts the Braulio Castillo Theater, the Francisco Oller Museum, and the José Celso Barbosa Monument. The Bayamón City Hall building is notable by being built across a major divided highway. While walking through a connecting corridor, right above the road, pedestrians can see passing cars underneath. It is believed to be the only building of its class in the world.

One of the most popular attractions in Bayamón is the Parque de las Ciencias. It is a science-themed park with various exhibitions and attractions. It is the only place, outside of the United States, where NASA rockets and parts are exhibited. It is located in the middle of karstic hills. An observation building on one of the hills gives a good view of the metropolitan area. That building also hosts antennas for government and civil communication.

El parque del tren was a park featuring what was then Puerto Rico's only working train (domestic commercial flights as well as highways and vehicle use had overtaken the railroads in Puerto Rico) It also featured a DC-3, which had been used by United Airlines. In 2001, the park was dismantled and destroyed in the course of major road construction, still underway. What is left of the park is a small plaza for activities and an area for jogging and passive entertainment.

A suspension bridge in Bayamón is a pedestrian-only bridge, believed to be one of only three of its kind in Puerto Rico.

Culture

Festivals and events

Bayamón is the site of several annual festivities. The festivities in honor of Santa Cruz, the town's patron saint, are held in May. Also, José Celso Barbosa's birthday is celebrated in July. There's also an artisans festival celebrated that month. Known as La Ciudad del Chicharrón (Pork Rind City), there's a festival dedicated to it in July as well.

Sports

Ramonluisrivera-islanders
The Mayor watching the Puerto Rico Islanders at Juan Ramon Loubriel
Orangestarsultra
Puerto Rico Islanders fans at Juan Ramón Loubriel Stadium

There are several professional and amateur sports team based in Bayamón. The Vaqueros de Bayamón are the local basketball team that plays at the Baloncesto Superior Nacional league. They are currently the team with the most championships in the history of the league with 14, the last of which was achieved in 2009. The team played at the Coliseo Rubén Rodríguez.

The Vaqueros de Bayamón was also the name of the baseball club which played from 1974 through 2003 in the Professional Baseball League of Puerto Rico, and played its home games at Juan Ramón Loubriel Stadium.

The city also has a female volleyball team, called the Vaqueras de Bayamón, which plays for the Liga de Voleibol Superior Femenino.

Recently, Bayamón has become popular for being the hometown of the Puerto Rico Islanders (now known as Puerto Rico FC) of the North American Soccer League. The team plays at Juan Ramon Loubriel Stadium in Bayamón. Another team, Bayamón FC, started playing in the stadium in the Puerto Rico Soccer League in the 2009 season. Sevilla Bayamón FC, now called Sevilla-FC Juncos, used to play in the stadium, until they moved to the town of Juncos due to ownership and financial problems.

The famous boxing fight between Alexis Argüello and Alfredo Escalera dubbed The Bloody Battle of Bayamon (their first; their equally legendary rematch was held in Rimini, Italy) was held in Bayamón in 1978. Also, professional boxers Luis Del Valle, Wilfredo Vazquez and Wilfredo Vazquez Jr. are from Bayamón. International Boxing Hall of Fame member Hector Camacho was born in Bayamon.

Bayamón professional sports teams
Club Sport League Venue League Championships
Puerto Rico Islanders Football North American Soccer League Juan Ramón Loubriel Stadium
Vaqueros de Bayamón Basketball Baloncesto Superior Nacional Rubén Rodríguez Coliseum BSN Championships (14)
  • 1933 – defeated Atléticos de San Germán, series 4-?
  • 1935 – defeated Vega Baja, series 4-?
  • 1967 – defeated Leones de Ponce, series 4-?
  • 1969 – defeated Cardenales de Río Piedras, series 4-?
  • 1971 – defeated Cardenales de Río Piedras, series 4-?
  • 1972 – defeated Piratas de Quebradillas, series 4-?
  • 1973 – defeated Piratas de Quebradillas, series 4-?
  • 1974 – defeated Capitalinos de San Juan, series 4-?
  • 1975 – defeated Piratas de Quebradillas, series 4-?
  • 1981 – defeated Mets de Guaynabo, series 4-2
  • 1988 – defeated Indios de Canóvanas, series 4-3
  • 1995 – defeated Leones de Ponce, series 4-1
  • 1996 – defeated Leones de Ponce, series 4-3
  • 2009 – defeated Piratas de Quebradillas, series 4-2
Vaqueras de Bayamón Volleyball Liga de Voleibol Superior Femenino Rubén Rodríguez Coliseum

Recreation

The Paseo del Rio (Paseo Lineal) near the Bayamón River is a 6-mile stretch shared by joggers, walkers and cyclists. It is divided in two lanes, one for the bicycles and the other for running or walking.

Parque Nacional Julio Enrique Mónagas has trails used by mountain bikers to train and compete. It also has cliffs where rappelling enthusiasts can practice.

Demographics

Puerto Rico was ceded by Spain in the aftermath of the Spanish–American War under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898 and became a territory of the United States. In 1899, the United States conducted its first census of Puerto Rico finding that the population of Bayamón was 19,940.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 19,940
1910 29,986 50.4%
1920 30,739 2.5%
1930 29,524 −4.0%
1940 37,190 26.0%
1950 48,000 29.1%
1960 72,221 50.5%
1970 156,192 116.3%
1980 196,206 25.6%
1990 220,262 12.3%
2000 224,044 1.7%
2010 208,116 −7.1%
2020 185,187 −11.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1899 (shown as 1900) 1910-1930
1930-1950 1960-2000 2010 2020
Race – Bayamón, Puerto Rico – 2012 ACS 5-year estimates
Race Population  % of Total
White 125,458 60.5%
Black/Afro-Puerto Rican 15,179 7.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1,132 0.5%
Asian 660 0.3%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 5 0.0%
Some other race 17,442 8.4%
Two or more races or mixed-race persons 47,481 22.9%

Symbols

Flag

The current flag of Bayamón features the Scandinavian Cross found in many Nordic Cross flags. It was embroidered by Mrs. Gloria M. León and maintains the design and colors of its Coat of Arms.

Coat of arms

This shield is a symbol and synthesis of the history and the values which distinguish the city of Bayamón. The main colors of the shield are blue and silver, representing the waters of the Bayamón river and recalling that it was on these banks that the first hydraulic sugarcane refinery of Puerto Rico was established in 1549. The center contains the Holy Cross (Santa Cruz), patron of the first church of the municipality and the name of the old sugarcane refinery "Santa Cruz", which was the historical origin of the town of Bayamón. The sugarcane flowers (guajanas) allude directly to the sugarcane industry that is of social and economic importance to the origin and development of Bayamón.

The five-tower crown, which is used for cities, was assigned to Bayamón as an exception for its extraordinary urban development, the magnitude of its population and for its religious dignity, which will possibly be raised to become Episcopal seat. The motto "IN HOC SIGNO VINCES" makes reference to Emperor Constantine when in the 4th century had the vision in which the victory was promised to him if it accepted the Cross of Christianity as his banner.

Transportation

Bayamón Station of the Tren Urbano
Tren Urbano at Bayamón Station

Bayamón station is the terminal stop for the lone Tren Urbano line, with three of its stops located within the city. The Deportivo station, located off the PR-2 Highway, is near the Santa Rosa Mall, the Bayamón Court of First Instance and the Onofre Carballeira Sports Complex, where the Juan Ramón Loubriel Stadium is located.

The city also has a trolley service with regular routes in Downtown Bayamón.

There are 77 bridges in Bayamón.

Diplomacy

Bayamón serves as the host city for foreign consular representation in Puerto Rico for the following nations:

Economy

Agriculture

The founding of the town of Bayamón is closely tied to the cultivation of sugarcane. The products currently grown in Bayamón include coffee, grapefruit, sugarcane, tobacco and vegetables. Bayamón was also the site where the first hydraulic sugar mill on the island was built in 1549.

Business

Notable malls are:

  • Plaza del Sol
  • Plaza Rio Hondo

Goya Foods has its Puerto Rico offices in Bayamón.

Education

Like all municipalities, public education is administered by Puerto Rico Department of Education. Due to its population and location within the San Juan metropolitan region, Bayamón is home to many public and private schools. During the 2014–2015 academic year, over 150 public schools ranging from elementary school to high school were located in the Bayamón school region. On the other hand, the city is also home to numerous private schools of which most have a religious affiliation. Some of the better known religious private schools include Colegio De La Salle, Academia Santo Tomás de Aquino, Academia Santa Rosa, Colegio Beato Carlos Manuel Rodríguez, and Academia Discípulos de Cristo (non-Catholic). Non-religious schools in the city include Bayamón Military Academy and the American School.

Bayamón also has many higher-learning institutions such as the University of Puerto Rico at Bayamón, which is one of the eleven campuses that comprise the University of Puerto Rico public university system. Furthermore, the city is also home to some of the most recognized private universities in the island, such as the Interamerican University of Puerto Rico and its School of Optometry, Bayamón Central University, American University of Puerto Rico, Universidad Central del Caribe, and some community colleges. In addition, the Metropolitan University (Universidad Metropolitana), better known as UMET, has a campus in downtown Bayamón.

Colleges / schools / universities

  • Escuela de Quiropráctica de la Universidad Central del Caribe (UCC)

Notable natives and residents

  • Raymond Acevedo - Singer, actor, former member of Menudo
  • Javier Báez - Professional baseball player for the New York Mets
  • José Berríos - Professional baseball player for the Toronto Blue Jays
  • Héctor Camacho - Former professional boxer
  • Braulio Castillo - Actor
  • Virgilio Dávila - Poet and former mayor of Bayamón (1905–1910)
  • Rubén Díaz Sr. - New York State Senator
  • Nina Flowers - Drag queen and disc jockey
  • Yadier Molina - Professional baseball player
  • Felipe López - Professional baseball player
  • Ramón Luis Rivera - Former mayor
  • Ramón Luis Rivera Jr. - Present mayor
  • Agustín Stahl - Medical doctor and botanist
  • Wilfredo Vazquez - Professional boxer
  • Melissa Mark-Viverito - Speaker of the New York City Council
  • Omar Rodríguez-López - Composer, guitarist, and filmmaker
  • Braulio Dueño Colón - Musician and composer
  • José Antonio Dávila - Postmodern poet
  • Pilar Barbosa - Historian, educator and political activist
  • Rene Farrait- singer and actor, former member of boy band Menudo
  • Xavier Serbia - singer, actor, show host and economical analyst, former member of boy band Menudo

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Bayamón para niños

National Hispanic Heritage Month on Kiddle
Hispanic astronauts
Joseph M. Acaba
Sidney M. Gutierrez
George D. Zamka
John D. Olivas
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