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Bayswater, Western Australia facts for kids

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Bayswater
PerthWestern Australia
OIC bayswater houses garratt rd.jpg
Population 13,525 (2011 census)
 • Density 1,353/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 6053
Area 10.0 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
Location 9 km (6 mi) from Perth
LGA(s) City of Bayswater
State electorate(s) Maylands, Bassendean
Federal Division(s) Perth
Suburbs around Bayswater:
Embleton Morley Eden Hill
Bedford Bayswater Bassendean
Maylands Ascot Ashfield

Bayswater is a northeastern suburb of Perth, Western Australia. It is on the northern side of the Swan River, approximately 6 kilometres north of the Perth city centre.

History

Aboriginal people of the Noongar language group originally inhabited the Bayswater area, the occupants of the north bank of the Swan being among Yellagonga’s people, who ranged systematically over a wide area of the coastal plain. The population was rich and complex in culture, sparse in number and nomadic in habit. Its movements were governed by the seasonal availability of food. The Aborigines were hunters and gatherers, who regularly burnt the bush to assist them in both pursuits. They concentrated their activities in the most fertile areas, including the peninsula in nearby Maylands. A large Aboriginal base camp, at least 4,500 years old lies under the Tonkin Highway, just to the north of Guildford Road.

The initial European settlement of Western Australia began in 1829, following the second landing of James Stirling in June of that year. Development was initially sparse along the route of Guildford Road, and Bayswater remained predominately undeveloped until the 1880s. Suburban development began in earnest following the opening of the Fremantle to Guildford railway line in 1881, and Bayswater grew significantly in the period between 1885 and 1920.

Transport

Bayswater is serviced by the Bayswater railway station and the Meltham railway station on the Midland railway line, with commuter services between Midland and Perth. The Whatley Train Station, which was located in the eastern part of Bayswater near the intersection of Wyatt Road and Higgins Way, was demolished in 1957 following the closure of the Belmont railway line in 1956.

Guildford Road links Bayswater to Perth and Midland by road. Tonkin Highway is a major artery road crossing northwest - southeast through Bayswater.

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