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Belgrade, Maine
The Belgrade Hotel, c. 1920
The Belgrade Hotel, c. 1920
"A Bedroom Community"
Location in Kennebec County and the state of Maine.
Location in Kennebec County and the state of Maine.
Country United States
State Maine
County Kennebec
Incorporated 1796
Villages Belgrade
Belgrade Lakes
North Belgrade
 • Total 57.93 sq mi (150.04 km2)
 • Land 43.24 sq mi (111.99 km2)
 • Water 14.69 sq mi (38.05 km2)
249 ft (76 m)
 • Total 3,250
 • Density 29.0/sq mi (11.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-04020
GNIS feature ID 0582348

Belgrade is a town in Kennebec County, Maine, United States. The population was 3,250 at the 2020 census. Belgrade's population, however, approximately doubles during the summer months as part-year residents return to seasonal camps located on the shores of Great Pond, Long Pond and Messalonskee Lake. Belgrade includes the villages of North Belgrade, Belgrade Depot and Belgrade Lakes (or The Village). Belgrade is included in the Augusta, Maine micropolitan New England City and Town Area.


The land was originally owned by the Plymouth Company, from which inhabitants obtained their titles. Called Washington Plantation, it was first settled in 1774 by Philip Snow from New Hampshire. On February 3, 1796, it was incorporated as Belgrade, named after Belgrade, Serbia. The surface of the town is uneven, much of it covered by water in the form of a connected chain of lakes. The largest lake is Great Pond, which dominates the town. Agriculture became the chief occupation of the inhabitants, with potatoes the principal crop.

Outlets of the ponds provided water power for mills. In 1859, there was a shovel factory and spool factory, as well as several sawmills and gristmills. By 1886, there were also factories that made rakes, shingles, excelsior, scythes and boxes. With the arrival of the railroad, Belgrade developed into a tourist resort of fishing, boating and lakeside cottages. The Belgrade Hotel, designed by noted Portland architect John Calvin Stevens, was built at Belgrade Lakes. The town was an annual summertime destination for the writers E.B. White and Ernest Thompson. The latter's sojourns at Great Pond inspired his 1979 play On Golden Pond, which was made into the Academy Award–winning 1981 movie, On Golden Pond.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.93 square miles (150.04 km2), of which, 43.24 square miles (111.99 km2) of it is land and 14.69 square miles (38.05 km2) is water. Belgrade is drained by the Belgrade Stream.

The town is crossed by 11, 27, 135 and 225. It borders the towns of Smithfield to the northeast, Oakland and Sidney to the east, Manchester and Readfield to the south, Mount Vernon to the southwest, and Rome to the northwest.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 295
1810 996 237.6%
1820 1,121 12.6%
1830 1,375 22.7%
1840 1,748 27.1%
1850 1,722 −1.5%
1860 1,592 −7.5%
1870 1,485 −6.7%
1880 1,321 −11.0%
1890 1,090 −17.5%
1900 1,058 −2.9%
1910 1,037 −2.0%
1920 957 −7.7%
1930 978 2.2%
1940 1,046 7.0%
1950 1,099 5.1%
1960 1,102 0.3%
1970 1,302 18.1%
1980 2,043 56.9%
1990 2,375 16.3%
2000 2,978 25.4%
2010 3,189 7.1%
2020 3,250 1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,189 people, 1,265 households, and 935 families living in the town. The population density was 73.8 inhabitants per square mile (28.5/km2). There were 2,198 housing units at an average density of 50.8 per square mile (19.6/km2). 933 of the housing units, or 42.4%, were vacant as of Census Day (April 1), 818 of which were used for seasonal or vacation purposes. The racial makeup of the town was 98.3% White, 0.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.

There were 1,265 households, of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.1% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the town was 43.8 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 33.5% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.


Belgrade is largely a commuter town and relies on tourism in the summer.

Belgrade Lakes Golf Club is ranked in the Top 100 Greatest Public Courses – The only course in New England to be in the top 100 List and the Number 1 Course in Maine.

The Village Inn and Tavern

Days Store

Gagne & Son Concrete Products

Hammond Lumber Company – retail building materials and sawmill

JR Metal Frames Mfg. Inc. – Commercial hollow metal frames and doors

Notable people

  • Joseph Force Crater, New York judge who disappeared under suspicious circumstances; had a summer cabin in Belgrade
  • Anson P. Morrill, congressman, 24th governor of Maine
  • Lot M. Morrill, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, U.S. senator, 28th governor of Maine
  • Wyatt Omsberg, Major League Soccer player
  • Olin Sewall Pettingill Jr, naturalist, author and filmmaker
  • John Franklin Spalding, Episcopal Bishop of Colorado
  • Greenlief T. Stevens, military officer

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Belgrade (Maine) para niños

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