kids encyclopedia robot

Campbell County, Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Campbell County
Campbell County Courthouse in Rustburg
Campbell County Courthouse in Rustburg
Official seal of Campbell County
Map of Virginia highlighting Campbell County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Virginia
Founded 1782
Named for General William Campbell
Seat Rustburg
Largest town Altavista
 • Total 507 sq mi (1,310 km2)
 • Land 504 sq mi (1,310 km2)
 • Water 3.5 sq mi (9 km2)  0.7%
 • Total 54,842
 • Estimate 
 • Density 108.17/sq mi (41.76/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 5th

Campbell County is a United States county situated in the south central part of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Located in the Piedmont region of Virginia, Campbell borders the Blue Ridge Mountains. The county seat is Rustburg.

Grounded on a tobacco cash crop economy, Campbell County was created in 1782 from part of Bedford County. The county was named in honor of General William Campbell, hero of the American Revolutionary War.

Campbell County is part of the Lynchburg, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the county population is 54,842. The number of residents has grown steadily in every census after 1930, and the total population has more than doubled since that time.

The independent city of Lynchburg, Virginia was established in 1786, was incorporated as a town in 1805, and became an independent city in 1852. It all started as a part of Campbell County but is not a part of any of the counties that surround it now. It has annexed land from Bedford County and Campbell County through the years ending in 1976.


Green Hill Plantation Campbell County Virginia
Main house, Green Hill Plantation, Campbell County, Historic American Buildings Survey

The area that would become Campbell County was first settled by Europeans, initially Scotch-Irish Presbyterians, in the late 1730s. After nearly fifty years of immigration and development, the newly formed county was established in 1782 from part of Bedford County. Campbell County was named for Revolutionary War hero, General William Campbell, who is known for the 1780 Battle of Kings Mountain. The independent city of Lynchburg, Virginia was subsequently formed from the county in 1786.

From its earliest days, the county relied on tobacco as the primary cash crop and basis for the economy, though it also developed early manufacturing operations. Brookneal, with its strategic location on the Staunton River, was long an important tobacco and textile hub. However, the departure of manufacturing and the changing tobacco market has forced Campbell to transform from a mainly agricultural area into a mixture of suburban and rural communities.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 507 square miles (1,313.1 km2), of which 504 square miles (1,305.4 km2) is land and 3 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.55%) is water.

Adjacent counties / Independent city

Major Highways

  • US 29
  • US 460
  • US 501
  • SR 24
  • SR 40
  • SR 43


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 7,685
1800 9,866 28.4%
1810 11,001 11.5%
1820 16,569 50.6%
1830 20,350 22.8%
1840 21,030 3.3%
1850 23,245 10.5%
1860 26,197 12.7%
1870 28,384 8.3%
1880 36,250 27.7%
1890 41,087 13.3%
1900 23,256 −43.4%
1910 23,043 −0.9%
1920 26,716 15.9%
1930 22,885 −14.3%
1940 26,048 13.8%
1950 28,877 10.9%
1960 32,958 14.1%
1970 43,319 31.4%
1980 45,424 4.9%
1990 47,572 4.7%
2000 51,078 7.4%
2010 54,842 7.4%
2018 (est.) 54,973 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 51,078 people, 20,639 households, and 14,694 families residing in the county. The population density was 101 people per square mile (39/km2). There were 22,088 housing units at an average density of 44 per square mile (17/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 83.24% White, 14.71% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. 0.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,639 households, out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,280, and the median income for a family was $42,901. Males had a median income of $32,108 versus $22,286 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,134. About 7.90% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over.



Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Sports and recreation

Campbell County is home to sporting events and organizations including:

  • Hiking areas include Timbrook Park.
  • Timber Lake - Fishing, Paddle boating, Swimming

Images for kids

kids search engine
Campbell County, Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.