|Died||29 July 1994
Ilmington, Warwickshire, England, UK
|Alma mater||Somerville College, Oxford
University of Cambridge
|Known for||Development of Protein crystallography
Determining the structure of Insulin
|Awards||Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1964)
Copley Medal (1976)
|Institutions||University of Oxford|
|Doctoral advisor||John Desmond Bernal|
In 1969, after 35 years of work and five years after winning the Nobel Prize, Hodgkin was able to decipher the structure of insulin.
X-ray crystallography became a widely used tool and helped to find structures of many biological molecules such as DNA. The structure of molecules helps us understand how they work.
She was Chancellor of Bristol University from 1970 to 1988, and President of Pugwash from 1976 to 1988. Pugwash is an organisation which holds conferences on Science and World Affairs. Because of her reputation as a 'peacenik', and her relationship with her left-wing mentor J.D. Bernal, Hodgkin was not allowed to enter the US except by CIA waiver. She received the Lenin Peace Prize in 1987.
Her best-known student was Margaret Thatcher, who consulted her when she (Thatcher) was in office.
Order of Merit
The Order of Merit display at the Royal Society (see infobox) mentions two interesting facts:
- She was the first woman to join the Order since Florence Nightingale
- She filled the vacancy left by Winston Churchill (the Order of Merit is restricted to 24 people at any one time)
Images for kids
Model of the structure of penicillin, by Dorothy Hodgkin, Oxford, c. 1945
Dorothy Hodgkin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.