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John Duns Scotus
JohnDunsScotus - full.jpg
Portrait of Duns Scotus, "The Subtle Doctor"
Born c. 1266
Died 8 November 1308
Cologne, Electorate of Cologne, Holy Roman Empire
Alma mater University of Oxford
Era Medieval philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Scholasticism
Medieval realism (Scotistic realism)
Main interests
Metaphysics, theology, logic, epistemology, ethics
Notable ideas
Univocity of being, haecceity as a principle of individuation, Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary
Blessed John Duns Scotus, O.F.M.
John Duns Scotus - - 1178460.jpg
A statue of John Duns Scotus by Frank Tritchler in the Public Park in the town of Duns erected in 1966
Religious and priest
Venerated in Catholic Church
Beatified 20 March 1993, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II
Major shrine Franciscan Church, Cologne, Germany
Feast 8 November

John Duns, commonly called Duns Scotus (c. 1266 – 8 November 1308), a Scotsman, is generally considered to be one of the three most important philosopher-theologians of Western Europe in the High Middle Ages, together with Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham. Scotus has had considerable influence on both Catholic and secular thought.

The doctrines for which he is best known are the "univocity of being", that existence is the most abstract concept we have, applicable to everything that exists; the formal distinction, a way of distinguishing between different aspects of the same thing; and the idea of haecceity, the property supposed to be in each individual thing that makes it an individual. Scotus also developed a complex argument for the existence of God, and argued for the Immaculate Conception of Mary.

Duns Scotus was given the scholastic accolade Doctor Subtilis (Subtle Doctor) for his penetrating and subtle manner of thought. He was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1993.

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