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Epsom, New Hampshire
Epsom Town Hall, listed on the New Hampshire State Register of Historic Places
Epsom Town Hall, listed on the New Hampshire State Register of Historic Places
Official seal of Epsom, New Hampshire
Seal
Location in Merrimack County and the state of New Hampshire
Location in Merrimack County and the state of New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°13′21″N 71°19′57″W / 43.22250°N 71.33250°W / 43.22250; -71.33250Coordinates: 43°13′21″N 71°19′57″W / 43.22250°N 71.33250°W / 43.22250; -71.33250
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Merrimack
Incorporated 1727
Villages Epsom
Gossville
Short Falls
Area
 • Total 34.4 sq mi (89.0 km2)
 • Land 34.2 sq mi (88.5 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)  0.58%
Elevation
404 ft (123 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 4,566
 • Density 132.73/sq mi (51.30/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03234
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-24900
GNIS feature ID 0873592

Epsom is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,566 at the 2010 census.

History

Incorporated in 1727, Epsom takes its name from Epsom in Surrey, England. Although dotted with several small mountains, the land was suitable for grazing and growing grain. By 1859, when the town's population was 1,366, it had two gristmills and two sawmills.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.4 square miles (89 km2), of which 34.2 sq mi (89 km2) is land and 0.2 sq mi (52 ha) is water, comprising 0.58% of the town. The highest point in Epsom is the summit of Fort Mountain, at 1,413 feet (431 m) above sea level, in the eastern part of town. Other neighboring small mountains in town include McCoy Mountain (1,270 ft or 390 m) and Nats Mountain (1,180 ft or 360 m). The town is drained by the Suncook River. Epsom lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 799
1800 1,034 29.4%
1810 1,156 11.8%
1820 1,336 15.6%
1830 1,408 5.4%
1840 1,205 −14.4%
1850 1,366 13.4%
1860 1,216 −11.0%
1870 993 −18.3%
1880 909 −8.5%
1890 815 −10.3%
1900 771 −5.4%
1910 725 −6.0%
1920 655 −9.7%
1930 678 3.5%
1940 797 17.6%
1950 756 −5.1%
1960 1,002 32.5%
1970 1,469 46.6%
1980 2,743 86.7%
1990 3,591 30.9%
2000 4,021 12.0%
2010 4,566 13.6%
2017 (est.) 4,692 2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,021 people, 1,491 households, and 1,103 families residing in the town. The population density was 117.7 people per square mile (45.4/km2). There were 1,592 housing units at an average density of 46.6 per square mile (18.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.63% White, 0.10% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.45% of the population.

There were 1,491 households, out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 24.5% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,685, and the median income for a family was $56,875. Males had a median income of $40,995 versus $27,106 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,026. About 1.9% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

In popular culture

Epsom was the town where Leo Rockway (known initially as "Joe") in Stephen King's The Stand was from.

Transportation

Three New Hampshire State Routes and two U.S. Routes cross Epsom.

  • NH 9, U.S. Route 4, and U.S. Route 202 run concurrently through town, connecting Chichester in the west to Northwood in the east. It is known locally as Dover Road.
  • NH 28 crosses the western edge of town, roughly paralleling the Suncook River, connecting Pembroke to Chichester along Suncook Valley Road.
  • NH 107 enters from Deerfield at the eastern edge of town in the vicinity of Northwood Lake, and joins NH 9, US 4, and US 202 to form a four-way concurrency before entering Northwood. It follows North Road before joining the other routes.

Notable people

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