Fayette County, Illinois facts for kids

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Fayette County, Illinois
Map

Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1821
Seat Vandalia
Largest City Vandalia
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

725 sq mi (1,878 km²)
716 sq mi (1,854 km²)
8.9 sq mi (23 km²), 1.2%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

22,140
31/sq mi (12/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.fayettecountyillinois.org
Named for: Marquis de Lafayette

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,140. Its county seat is Vandalia. Ramsey Lake State Recreation Area is located in the northwest part of this county.

History

Fayette County was formed in 1821 out of Bond, Clark, and Crawford counties. It was named in honor of the Marquis de LaFayette, French hero of the American Revolutionary War.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 716 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 8.9 square miles (23 km2) (1.2%) is water.

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Vandalia, Illinois
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.5
 
35
18
 
 
2.4
 
41
23
 
 
3.7
 
52
32
 
 
3.6
 
64
43
 
 
4.1
 
74
53
 
 
3.9
 
83
62
 
 
3.6
 
88
67
 
 
2.8
 
86
64
 
 
3
 
79
55
 
 
2.8
 
67
43
 
 
3.7
 
53
34
 
 
2.8
 
40
24
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Vandalia have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.41 inches (61 mm) in February to 4.11 inches (104 mm) in May.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

USA Fayette County, Illinois age pyramid
2000 census age pyramid for Fayette County, skewed toward the male side by the Vandalia Correctional Center, an Illinois State prison, located in the county.[1]
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,704
1840 6,328 134.0%
1850 8,075 27.6%
1860 11,189 38.6%
1870 19,638 75.5%
1880 23,241 18.3%
1890 23,367 0.5%
1900 28,065 20.1%
1910 28,075 0.0%
1920 26,187 −6.7%
1930 23,487 −10.3%
1940 29,159 24.1%
1950 24,582 −15.7%
1960 21,946 −10.7%
1970 20,752 −5.4%
1980 22,167 6.8%
1990 20,893 −5.7%
2000 21,802 4.4%
2010 22,140 1.6%
Est. 2015 22,043 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,140 people, 8,311 households, and 5,648 families residing in the county. The population density was 30.9 inhabitants per square mile (11.9/km2). There were 9,302 housing units at an average density of 13.0 per square mile (5.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.7% white, 4.4% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.5% were German, 10.5% were English, 9.4% were American, and 9.3% were Irish.

Of the 8,311 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families, and 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 39.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,269 and the median income for a family was $51,216. Males had a median income of $38,257 versus $27,188 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,663. About 10.8% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Fayette County is divided into twenty townships:

  • Avena
  • Bear Grove
  • Bowling Green
  • Carson
  • Kaskaskia
  • LaClede
  • Lone Grove
  • Loudon
  • North Hurricane
  • Otego
  • Pope
  • Ramsey
  • Sefton
  • Seminary
  • Shafter
  • Sharon
  • South Hurricane
  • Vandalia
  • Wheatland
  • Wilberton

Fayette County, Illinois Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.