Hardin County, Tennessee facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Hardin County, Tennessee
Map

Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the USA highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1819
Seat Savannah
Largest City Savannah
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

596 sq mi (1,544 km²)
577 sq mi (1,494 km²)
19 sq mi (49 km²), 3.2%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

26,026
45/sq mi (17/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Joseph Hardin, Sr.

Hardin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,026. The county seat is Savannah. The county was founded in November 1819 and named posthumously for Col. Joseph Hardin, a Revolutionary War soldier and a legislative representative for the Province of North Carolina; the State of Franklin; and the Southwest Territory.

Hardin County was the site of the Battle of Shiloh (also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing) during the Civil War.

History

Joseph Hardin Courthouse Plaque Savannah TN
The dedication plaque for the Savannah, TN courthouse which is dedicated to Col. Joseph Hardin.

The Hardin Expedition

Two parties of settlers (totaling 26) struck out from Knoxville, Tennessee in late spring of 1816 bound for the general area which would eventually become Savannah, Tennessee. The first party, traveling by boat, came by way of the Tennessee River, landing in May at "the easteward curve of the Tennessee" [sic] at Cerro Gordo. The second, and larger, party had traversed overland and encountered several delays. Upon the arrival of the second group, the parties finally rejoined at Johnson Creek, near present day Savannah. It was now July, and the pioneers set about the laying down of the first permanent settlement by non-Native Americans in the area.

This second party was led by Joseph Hardin, Jr., son of Col. Joseph Hardin who had, before his death, accumulated several land grants to the area as rewards for his Revolutionary War service. Joseph, Jr. was accompanied on the trip by his brother, James Hardin. James was the founder of what would become the first county seat, Hardinville. The settlement was created in 1817 on nearby Hardin’s Creek —on the site of what was later renamed Old Town, Tennessee. Both men executed land grants in the area. They had fought alongside their father in the war and had been likewise rewarded with their own land patents, as well as inheriting some of their father's unclaimed grants.

Other settlers in the expedition continued further downriver, establishing another community at Saltillo, in 1817.

County creation

For eleven days after its initial establishment (in November 1819), the boundaries of Hardin County reached from Wayne County west to the Mississippi River. The establishment of then neighboring Shelby County and others continued to diminish the size of Hardin until it reached its present boundaries. The county was named for Revolutionary War veteran, Joseph Hardin, a former colonial assemblyman for the Province of North Carolina, Speaker of the House for the unrecognized State of Franklin and a territorial legislator of the Southwest Territory.

Battle of Shiloh

Hardin County was the site of the 1862 Battle of Shiloh (also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing) during the Civil War. The battleground is several miles south of Savannah, and extends into Tishomingo County, Mississippi.

Geography

Pickwick Landing Dam from Pickwick Inn 096
Pickwick Lake

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 596 square miles (1,540 km2), of which 577 square miles (1,490 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (3.2%) is water.

Hardin County is located in western southern Tennessee (although part of the county is east of the Tennessee River, the county is considered part of the "Grand Division" of West Tennessee). The county is divided into two nearly equal divisions by the Tennessee River, which enters about midway on the south side and passes out near the northeast corner, flowing northwards. The length of the county from north to south is about 30 miles, and its greatest width, from east to west, about 21.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Shiloh National Military Park

State protected areas

  • Dry Creek Wildlife Management Area
  • Pickwick Landing State Park
  • Walker Branch State Natural Area
  • White Oak Wildlife Management Area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,462
1830 4,868 233.0%
1840 8,245 69.4%
1850 10,328 25.3%
1860 11,214 8.6%
1870 11,768 4.9%
1880 14,793 25.7%
1890 17,698 19.6%
1900 19,246 8.7%
1910 17,521 −9.0%
1920 17,291 −1.3%
1930 16,213 −6.2%
1940 17,806 9.8%
1950 16,908 −5.0%
1960 17,397 2.9%
1970 18,212 4.7%
1980 22,280 22.3%
1990 22,633 1.6%
2000 25,578 13.0%
2010 26,026 1.8%
Est. 2015 25,756 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014
USA Hardin County, Tennessee.csv age pyramid
Age pyramid Hardin County

As of the census of 2000, there were 25,578 people, 10,426 households, and 7,444 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 12,807 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.91% White, 3.69% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 45.1% were of American, 9.8% Irish, 9.7% English and 9.5% German ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 10,426 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,819, and the median income for a family was $34,157. Males had a median income of $28,357 versus $18,806 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,598. About 14.60% of families and 18.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.80% of those under age 18 and 17.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities


Hardin County, Tennessee Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.