High Point, North Carolina facts for kids

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High Point, North Carolina
City
HighPoint,NC.jpg
Official seal of High Point, North Carolina
Seal
Nickname(s): Furniture and Hosiery Capital of the World, The Point, HP, The Pocket, City of the Future, Hype Point, North Carolina's International City
Location in Guilford County and the state of North Carolina.
Location in Guilford County and the state of North Carolina.
Country United States
State North Carolina
Counties Guilford, Davidson, Randolph, Forsyth
Area
 • City 55.4 sq mi (143.6 km2)
 • Land 53.8 sq mi (139.3 km2)
 • Water 1.7 sq mi (4.3 km2)
Elevation 1,007 ft (286 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 104,371 (US: 259th)
 • Estimate (2014) 108,629 (US: 263rd)
 • Density 2,019/sq mi (779.6/km2)
 • Urban 166,485 (US: 202nd)
 • Metro 746,593 (US: 74th)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 27260-27265
Area code(s) 336
FIPS code 37-31400
GNIS feature ID 0986755
Website www.highpointnc.gov

High Point is a city located in the Piedmont Triad region of the State of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census the city had a total population of 104,371, with an estimated population of 108,629 in 2014. High Point is currently the ninth-largest municipality in North Carolina.

High Point is known for its furniture, textiles, and bus manufacturing. The city is sometimes referred to as the "Furniture Capital of the World". The city's official slogan is "North Carolina's International City" due to the semi-annual High Point Furniture Market that attracts 100,000 exhibitors and buyers from around the world.

It is home to three universities: High Point University, a private Methodist-affiliated institution founded in 1924, and South University as well as John Wesley University, a private interdenominational Christian university.

Most of the city is located in Guilford County, with portions spilling into neighboring Randolph, Davidson, and Forsyth counties. High Point is North Carolina's only city that extends into four counties.

History

EckerHouseHighPoint
Queen Anne Ecker House of 1908 in High Point

Among the first Europeans to settle Guilford County were English Quakers and German immigrants. High Point was located at the highest point of the 1856 North Carolina Railroad between Charlotte and Goldsboro where it intersected the 1852 Great Western Plank Road. Its central location and transportation allowed for the delivery of raw materials like cotton and lumber and processed goods in and out of the city and contributed to its early growth. Settled before 1750, High Point was incorporated in 1859. Before it became a major manufacturing center, the most important industries were tobacco, woodworking and textiles. The first of many High Point furniture factories was opened in 1889.

Established in 1924, High Point University is a liberal arts institution with approximately 4,400 undergraduate and graduate students from 51 countries and 46 states. It is ranked by U.S. News and World Report 2013 edition of "America's Best Colleges" 1st among comprehensive universities in the South and in the top 100 nationally. The university offers 44 undergraduate majors, 10 graduate-degree programs and one doctorate program. It is accredited by the Commission of Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, and is a member of the NCAA Division I and the Big South Conference.

The John H. Adams House, High Point Central High School, Deep River Friends Meeting House and Cemetery, Enterprise Building, First Baptist Church, Dr. C. S. Grayson House, Guilford County Office and Court Building, John Haley House, Hardee Apartments, Highland Cotton Mills Village Historic District, Allen Jay School Rock Gymnasium, Kilby Hotel, O. Arthur Kirkman House and Outbuildings, Model Farm, Eli Moore House, Oakwood Historic District, William Penn High School, Sherrod Park, J. C. Siceloff House, Spring Hill Methodist Protestant Church Cemetery, Spurgeon House, A. E. Taplin Apartment Building, Tomlinson Chair Manufacturing Company Complex, Uptown Suburbs Historic District, Washington Street Historic District, West High Street Historic District, and Lucy and J. Vassie Wilson House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

High Point is the only city in North Carolina that exists within four counties: Davidson, Forsyth, Guilford and Randolph. It also stands within two major watersheds: the Yadkin–Pee Dee to the west and the Cape Fear to the east. Parts of the city rise above 1,000 feet (300 m), making it among the highest cities in North Carolina's Piedmont.

High Point is located at 35°58′14″N 79°59′51″W / 35.97056°N 79.9975°W / 35.97056; -79.9975. It is bordered by the city of Greensboro to the north, Jamestown to the northeast, and Archdale to the southeast. The city limits of Trinity and Thomasville come within half a mile of the High Point city limits to the south and southwest, respectively.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 55.4 square miles (143.6 km2), of which 53.8 square miles (139.3 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.3 km2), or 2.96%, is water.

Climate

Summers are hot and humid, and the dew points will often climb to near or even above 70 °F (21 °C) by late June through much of August. Nights usually remain warm above 70 degrees. Most summers the hottest day will record a maximum between 96 and 98 °F (36 and 37 °C). About once every 5 to 10 years the city will climb to or above 100 °F (38 °C). Winters are cool to cold. Nights average near 30 °F (−1 °C), with the coldest averages in the upper 20s from late December through early February. Most winters the coldest temperature will dip to between 10 and 15 °F (−12 and −9 °C). About once every 10 years the minimum will dip below 5 °F (−15 °C) and to near or below 0 °F (−18 °C) approximately once every 20 years. Daytime highs average near 50 °F (10 °C) in the winter, with the coldest stretch between late December through early February with highs averaging in the upper 40s. Most winters there will be 2 to 4 days that remain below freezing. The hottest temperature on record for the area was 103 °F (39 °C) on August 18, 1988 (in nearby Greensboro the high reached 104 °F (40 °C) in 1914), and the coldest was −8 °F (−22 °C) on January 21, 1985.

Rainfall patterns are generally spread evenly throughout the year, with between seven and eleven wet days per month. The city averages around 43 inches (1,100 mm) of rain per year. Snowfall varies from year to year, with most years totaling less than 5 inches (13 cm). However, there are some years that exceed 20 inches (51 cm), and this brings the overall average to more than 8 inches (20 cm) per year. In the winter of 1959/60 the city had just over 30 inches (76 cm) of snowfall, which stands as the most dating back to the start of snowfall recordkeeping in 1928. In addition to snowfall, some years the city can be impacted by significant ice storms. Cold air wedging up on the east side of the mountains can lock this part of the state into cold air while warmer moist air moves in aloft. This proximity to the mountains creates what is known as the Appalachian Wedge and can produce crippling ice storms.

High Point was one of several communities impacted by a 2010 tornado outbreak. The twister reached its most powerful EF3 classification as it crossed the northern suburbs of the city.

In 1989, High Point sustained minor wind damage from Hurricane Hugo as it raced through the western Piedmont region of North Carolina after making landfall 5 hours away in Charleston, South Carolina.

Climate data for High Point, North Carolina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 48.0
(8.89)
53.0
(11.67)
61.0
(16.11)
70.0
(21.11)
78.0
(25.56)
85.0
(29.44)
88.0
(31.11)
86.0
(30)
80.0
(26.67)
70.0
(21.11)
61.0
(16.11)
51.0
(10.56)
69.3
(20.72)
Average low °F (°C) 29.0
(-1.67)
32.0
(0)
39.0
(3.89)
47.0
(8.33)
56.0
(13.33)
65.0
(18.33)
69.0
(20.56)
68.0
(20)
61.0
(16.11)
49.0
(9.44)
40.0
(4.44)
32.0
(0)
48.8
(9.33)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.1
(79)
3.0
(76)
3.7
(94)
3.6
(91)
3.4
(86)
3.7
(94)
4.5
(114)
3.9
(99)
4.2
(107)
3.2
(81)
3.1
(79)
3.1
(79)
42.3
(1,074)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.4
(8.6)
2.4
(6.1)
0.9
(2.3)
0.0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
0.8
(2)
7.6
(19.3)
Avg. precipitation days 10 9 10 10 10 10 11 10 8 7 8 9 111

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 525
1870 1,627 209.9%
1880 1,991 22.4%
1890 2,500 25.6%
1900 4,163 66.5%
1910 9,525 128.8%
1920 14,302 50.2%
1930 36,745 156.9%
1940 38,495 4.8%
1950 39,973 3.8%
1960 62,063 55.3%
1970 63,229 1.9%
1980 63,380 0.2%
1990 69,428 9.5%
2000 85,839 23.6%
2010 104,371 21.6%
Est. 2015 110,268 5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

As of the census of 2000, there were 85,839 people, 33,519 households, and 22,523 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,750.1 people per square mile (675.7/km²). There were 35,952 housing units at an average density of 733.0 per square mile (283.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 54.56% White, 34.77% African American, 0.46% Native American, 4.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.27% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.89% of the population. 12.7% were of American, 8.7% English, 8.3% German and 5.9% Irish ancestry.

There were 33,519 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,137, and the median income for a family was $48,057. Males had a median income of $33,411 versus $25,293 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,303. About 10.5% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

As of the census of 2010, there were 104,371 people, and 40,988 households residing in the city. The population density was 1,939.9 people per square mile. There were 46,677 housing units in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 53.6% white (50.4% Non-Hispanic white), 33.0% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 6.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latinos of any race were 8.5% of the population.

Transportation

Amtrak's Crescent, Carolinian and Piedmont trains connect High Point with the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Richmond, Raleigh, Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham and New Orleans. The recently refurbished historic High Point Amtrak station is situated at 100 West High Street.

Interstate 85 runs through southern High Point, southeast of the original interstate roadway, which is now designated Business 85. The new Interstate 74 runs north and east of the city. This section is referred locally as the "East Belt" freeway project, and was completed southeast to I-73/US 220 near Randleman in 2013. To the northwest it extends to Interstate 40 in Winston-Salem. It is co-signed with U.S. Highway 311 for most of the route.

The Piedmont Authority for Regional Transportation (PART) operates in High Point. It is a service that shuttles people between most of the cities in the northwestern Piedmont region of North Carolina. The main service for public transportation in High Point is Hi tran, the local bus service.

Highways passing through High Point include:

  • I-40.svg Interstate 40
  • I-74.svg Interstate 74
  • I-85.svg Interstate 85
  • Business Loop 85.svg Interstate 85 Business
  • US 29.svg U.S. Route 29
  • US 70.svg U.S. Route 70
  • US 311.svg U.S. Route 311
  • NC 62.svg North Carolina Highway 62
  • NC 66.svg North Carolina Highway 66
  • NC 68.svg North Carolina Highway 68
  • NC 610.svg North Carolina Highway 610

Attractions

Triangle Park, High Point
Triangle Park, High Point
LargestDrawers
World's Largest Chest of Drawers
  • Bernice Bienenstock Furniture Library: World's largest collection of books on the history of furniture and interior design. Home of the Pat Plaxico Sculpture Gardens.
  • High Point City Lake Park: Recreation and amusement park located on the shores of 540-acre (2.2 km2) lake with boating, fishing, paddle boats, picnic areas with shelters, fishing boat and canoe rentals, historic carousel, train, waterslide, largest outdoor swimming pool in the state, miniature golf, gymnasium, playground and excursion boat. Site of annual "Day in the Park" festival each September.
  • High Point Community Theatre: Founded in 1976, High Point Community Theatre (HPCT) presents American musicals, dramas and comedies performed by local actors. HPCT also has an education program, featuring classes, workshops and camps for adults, youth and children.
  • High Point Museum and Historical Park: Museum commemorating the history of High Point, coupled with interpretative exhibit of log Blacksmith Shop and 1786 Haley House.
  • High Point Public Library: A massive full-service public library contains nearly 400,000 books, music recordings, videotapes, audiobooks, periodicals, newspapers, and a comprehensive collection of books related to history and genealogy equipped with many attractions for Youth and Young Adults.
  • Castle McCulloch Gold Mill: McCulloch Gold Mill was built in 1832 and operated primarily as a gold processing center serving local gold mining operations. Now open as a special events center.
  • Millis Regional Health Education Center: Interactive health education center with features depicting facets of human anatomy and health.
  • Museum of Old Domestic Life: Quaker museum established around 1926 in 1858 Springfield Meeting House, containing a broad selection of artifacts from typical colonial Quaker homesteads.
  • Piedmont Environmental Center: Features 375 acres (1.5 km2) of hiking trails adjacent to High Point City Lake, nature preserve, small animal exhibits, the North Carolina Mapscape, and access to an eight-mile (13 km) Greenway Trail.
  • Rosetta C. Baldwin Museum: The museum was created in November 2000 to honor the legacy of Miss Rosetta C. Baldwin, her family and many African-Americans. The site depicts a typical home of a southern African American family during the mid-twentieth century.
  • Sechrest Gallery: Located on the campus of High Point University in the Hayworth Fine Arts Center, the Sechrest Gallery houses permanent collections of 18th and 19th century British Art coupled with rotating exhibitions.
  • Theatre Art Galleries: Housed in the High Point Theatre since 1975, the Theatre Art Galleries (TAG) hosts exhibitions of contemporary visual art. TAG has been the sole independent nonprofit provider of the visual arts in High Point and includes one of the finest stage and gallery spaces in the Southeast.
  • World's Largest Chest of Drawers: Iconic symbol of the city since 1926, the World's Largest Bureau is an example of automobile-oriented pop architecture and has been featured on numerous broadcasts such as MTV and The Travel Channel.
  • Brentwood Baptist Church was built in 1964 to the designs of Lawrence Henry Mallard of Lawrence Henry Mallard, 17041 Battleground Ave, Greensboro, North Carolina 27408.

Television stations

High Point makes up part of the Greensboro/Winston-Salem/High Point television designated market area. These stations are listed by call letters, channel number, network and city of license.

  • WFMY-TV, 2, CBS, Greensboro
  • WGHP, 8, FOX, High Point
  • WXII-TV, 12, NBC, Winston-Salem
  • WGPX, 16, ION, Burlington
  • WCWG, 20, CW, Lexington
  • WUNL-TV, 26, PBS/UNCTV, Winston-Salem
  • WLXI-TV, 43, TCT, Greensboro
  • WXLV-TV, 45, ABC, Winston-Salem
  • WMYV-TV, 48, MyNetworkTV, Greensboro

Images for kids


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