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Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Gen. Judson Kilpatrick - NARA - 528309-crop.jpg
Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick between circa 1863 and circa 1865
United States Minister to Chile
In office
July 25, 1881 – December 4, 1881
President James Garfield
Chester Arthur
Preceded by Thomas A. Osborn
Succeeded by Cornelius Ambrose Logan
In office
March 12, 1866 – August 3, 1870
President Andrew Johnson
Ulysses S. Grant
Preceded by Thomas H. Nelson
Succeeded by Joseph Pomeroy Root
Personal details
Born (1836-01-14)January 14, 1836
Wantage Township, near Deckertown, New Jersey (now Sussex Borough)
Died December 4, 1881(1881-12-04) (aged 45)
Santiago, Chile
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Branch/service United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861–1865
Rank Union Army major general rank insignia.svg Major General
Battles/wars American Civil War

Hugh Judson Kilpatrick (January 14, 1836 – December 4, 1881) was an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, achieving the rank of brevet major general. He was later the United States Minister to Chile and an unsuccessful candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives.

Nicknamed "Kilcavalry" (or "Kill-Cavalry") for using tactics in battle that were considered as recklessly disregarding the lives of soldiers under his command, Kilpatrick was both praised for the victories he achieved, and despised by Southerners whose homes and towns he devastated.

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